Sailing at the Summer Olympics

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Sailing at the Summer Olympics
Sailing pictogram.svg
Governing body ISAF
Events 0 (mixed)
Games
1896 1900 1904 1908 1912 1920
1924 1928 1932 1936 1948 1952
1956 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976
1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000
2004 2008 2012 2016
Medalists

Sailing (also known as yachting until 1996) has been one of the Olympic sports since the Games of the I Olympiad, held in Athens, Greece, in 1896. Despite being scheduled in the first Olympic program, the races were canceled due to severe weather conditions. Apart from the 1904 Summer Olympics, sailing has been present in every edition of the Olympic Games.

Introduction[edit]

Over the years Olympic Sailing can be categorized into several periods:[1]

Periode Type Examples
1896 – 1912: The Gentlemen  Hermann de Pourtalès (SUI)  Édouard Alphonse James de Rothschild (FRA)
1920 – 1936: The Yachtsmen  Virginie Hériot (FRA)  Johan Anker (NOR)
1948 – 1964: The Innovators  Paul Elvstrøm (DEN)  Keith Musto (GBR)
1968 – 1984: The Sailors  Rodney Pattisson (GBR)  Valentin Mankin (URS)
1992 – 2000: The Athletes  Jochen Schümann (GDR)  Theresa Zabell (ESP)
2004 – 20??: The Performers  Ben Ainslie (GBR)  Yin Jian (CHN)

Over time, different classes of boat featured at the Olympics. Initially, the classes were specified in tons, then later in meters, feet or generic names. For the discontinued classes, the Vintage Yachting Games were introduced in 2008.

Until 1988, sailing was a gender-independent sport. Even in 1900, several women participated at the Olympic sailing regattas. In 1988, the first exclusive women's sailing event was introduced.[2]

Most of the Olympic sailing competitions were done in what is called a fleet race format. At some Olympics, however, was also the match race format, or a mixed fleet/match race format. Great Britain leads the Olympic sailing medal ranking table.

Olympic classes (equipment)[edit]

Over the years the classes used in the Olympic Sailing Program were replaced from time to time. This table shows this development:

Olympic discipline 96[3] 00[4] 04[5] 08 12 16[6] 20 24 28 32 36 40[7] 44[8] 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Sailed Events
Boats of the Royal Navy Cercle noir 100%.svg 0
½ ton Cercle noir 100%.svg 1
½–1 ton Cercle noir 100%.svg 1
1–2 ton Cercle noir 100%.svg 1
2–3 ton Cercle noir 100%.svg 1
3–10 ton Cercle noir 100%.svg 1
10–20 ton Cercle noir 100%.svg 1
Open class Cercle noir 100%.svg 1
6 Metre 1907 11
1919
1933
7 Metre 1907 2
8 Metre 1907 8
1919
1933
12 Metre 1907 4
1919
15 Metre 1907 0
10 Metre 1907 3
1919
9 Metre 1907 0
12 foot dinghy Cercle noir 100%.svg 2
18 foot dinghy Cercle noir 100%.svg 1
6,5 Metre Cercle noir 100%.svg 1
8.5 Metre Cercle noir 100%.svg 0
30m2 class Cercle noir 100%.svg 1
40m2 class Cercle noir 100%.svg 1
French National Monotype 1924 Cercle noir 100%.svg 1
Snowbird Cercle noir 100%.svg 1
Star Cercle noir 100%.svg 19
Mars symbol.svg
O-Jolle Cercle noir 100%.svg 1
Dragon Cercle noir 100%.svg 7
Swallow Cercle noir 100%.svg 1
Firefly Cercle noir 100%.svg 1
Finn Cercle noir 100%.svg 17
Mars symbol.svg
5,5 Metre Cercle noir 100%.svg 5
Sharpie 12m2 Cercle noir 100%.svg 1
Flying Dutchman Cercle noir 100%.svg 9
Soling Cercle noir 100%.svg 8
Cercle noir 100%.svgc
Tempest Cercle noir 100%.svg 2
Tornado Cercle noir 100%.svg 9
470 Cercle noir 100%.svg 17
Mars symbol.svg
Venus symbol.svg
Windglider Mars symbol.svg 1
Division II Mars symbol.svg 1
Lechner Mars symbol.svg 2
Venus symbol.svg
Europe Venus symbol.svg 4
Mistral Mars symbol.svg 6
Venus symbol.svg
Laser Cercle noir 100%.svg 6
Mars symbol.svg
49er Cercle noir 100%.svg 5
Mars symbol.svg
Yngling Venus symbol.svg 2
RS:X Mars symbol.svg 6
Venus symbol.svg
Laser Radial Venus symbol.svg 3
Elliott 6m Venus symbol.svgm 1
49erFX Venus symbol.svg 1
Nacra 17 Venus symbol.svgMars symbol.svg 1
47 total 1 7 0 5 4 16 3 3 4 4 3 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 7 8 10 10 11 11 11 10 10 181
Olympiads I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII XIII XIV XV XVI XVII XVIII XIX XX XXI XXII XXIII XXIV XXV XXVI XXVII XXVIII XXIX XXX XXXI Total
  • Mars symbol.svg = Male
  • Venus symbol.svg = Female
  • Venus symbol.svgm = Female matchrace
  • Mars symbol.svgVenus symbol.svg = Mixed
  • Cercle noir 100%.svg = Open class
  • Cercle noir 100%.svgc = Open class fleet/matchrace
  • 1907 = Open 1907 rule
  • 1919 = Open 1919 rule
  • 1933 = Open 1933 rule

Olympic sailing venues[edit]

Pictures will be replaced by more relevant photos.

Games Year Host City Sailing venue Opening Closing View Classes
I 1896   (GRE) Athens Piraeus 1-APR 1-APR 3D View of Athens.jpg Cancelled
II 1900   (FRA) Paris Meulan 20-MAY 27-MAY All, except ...
Le Havre 1-AUG 5-AUG Le Palais de la Société des Régates au Havre.jpg 10–20 ton
III 1904   (USA) St. Louis Not programmed
IV 1908   (GBR) London Ryde 27-JUL 29-JUL 6 Metre
7 Metre
8 Metre
Hunter's Quay 11-AUG 12-AUG 12 Metre
V 1912   (SWE) Stockholm Nynäshamn 19-JUL 22-JUL Nynäshamn view.jpg All
VI 1916   (GER) Berlin Probably not programmed
VII 1920   (BEL) Antwerp Ostend 7-JUL 10-JUL MnpOstendLocation.png All, except...
The Netherlands SEP SEP Buiten Y 2010.jpg Finals 12 foot dinghy
VIII 1924   (FRA) Paris Meulan 10-JUL 13-JUL French National Monotype 1924
Le Havre 21-JUL 26-JUL Le Palais de la Société des Régates au Havre.jpg 6 Metre
8 Metre
IX 1928   (NED) Amsterdam Durgerdam 2-AUG 9-AUG Buiten Y 2010.jpg All
X 1932   (USA) Los Angeles Port of Los Angeles 5-AUG[9] 12-AUG All
XI 1936   (GER) Berlin Kiel 4-AUG 16-AUG All
XII 1940   (JPN) Tokyo Yokohama harbour 21-SEP 6-OCT NauticalChart Yokohama 1874.jpg All
Cancelled
  (FIN) Helsinki Program not made Cancelled
XIII 1944 Olympics suspended
XIV 1948   (GBR) London Torquay 4-AUG 12-AUG All
XV 1952   (FIN) Helsinki Harmaja 20-JUL 28-JUL All
XVI 1956   (AUS) Melbourne Port Phillip Bay 26-NOV 5-DEC All
XVII 1960   (ITA) Rome Naples 29-AUG 7-SEP All
XVIII 1964   (JPN) Tokyo Enoshima 12-OCT 23-OCT Ehoshima-Island-Fujisawa-Japan.jpg All
XIX 1968   (MEX) Mexico City Acapulco 13-OCT 25-OCT JLNYCAcapulcoBay.jpg All
XX 1972   (FRG) Munich Kiel 29-AUG 8-SEP Kiel - Olympiazentrum S.JPG All
XXI 1976   (CAN) Montreal Kingston, Ontario 18-JUL 31-JUL All
XXII 1980   (URS) Moscow Tallinn 21-JUL 29-JUL Tallinn, June 18, 2006.jpg All
XXIII 1984   (USA) Los Angeles Long Beach, California 31-JUL 8-AUG Aerial view of Port of Long Beach.jpg All
XXIV 1988   (KOR) Seoul Busan 20-SEP 27-SEP Busan SPOT 1121.jpg All
XXV 1992   (ESP) Barcelona Barcelona 27-JUL 4-AUG PortVell.JPG All
XXVI 1996   (USA) Atlanta Savannah, Georgia 22-JUL 2-AUG Eugene Talmadge Memorial Bridge.jpg All
XXVII 2000   (AUS) Sydney Sydney 17-SEP 30-SEP Sydney ASTER 2001 oct 12.jpg All
XXVIII 2004   (GRE) Athens Athens 14-AUG 28-AUG Athene-sat.JPG All
XXVIX 2008   (CHN) Beijing Qingdao 9-AUG 21-AUG Qingdao Pier.jpg All
XXX 2012   (GBR) London Weymouth and Portland 28-JUL 11-AUG Dorset transport.png All

Medal table[edit]

This list includes Olympic medals in years up to and including 2012.

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Great Britain (GBR) 25 18 11 54
2  United States (USA) 19 23 17 59
3  Norway (NOR) 17 11 3 31
4  Spain (ESP) 13 5 1 19
5  France (FRA) 12 11 15 38
6  Denmark (DEN) 12 9 7 28
7  Sweden (SWE) 10 12 13 35
8  Australia (AUS) 10 5 8 23
9  New Zealand (NZL) 8 5 5 18
10  Brazil (BRA) 6 3 8 17
11  Netherlands (NED) 5 8 7 20
12  Soviet Union (URS) 4 5 3 12
13  Germany (GER) 3 4 3 10
14  Austria (AUT) 3 4 0 7
15  Italy (ITA) 3 3 8 14
16  Greece (GRE) 3 2 2 7
17  Belgium (BEL) 2 4 3 9
18  Finland (FIN) 2 2 7 11
19  West Germany (FRG) 2 2 3 7
20  East Germany (GDR) 2 2 2 6
21  China (CHN) 2 2 1 5
22  Mixed team (ZZX) 2 0 0 2
23  Ukraine (UKR) 1 2 2 5
24  Switzerland (SUI) 1 1 1 3
 Unified Team of Germany (EUA) 1 1 1 3
26  Poland (POL) 1 0 3 4
27  Israel (ISR) 1 0 2 3
28  Bahamas (BAH) 1 0 1 2
29  Hong Kong (HKG) 1 0 0 1
30  Argentina (ARG) 0 4 5 9
31  Canada (CAN) 0 3 6 9
32  Portugal (POR) 0 2 2 4
33  Japan (JPN) 0 1 1 2
 Russia (RUS) 0 1 1 2
 Slovenia (SLO) 0 1 1 2
36  Cuba (CUB) 0 1 0 1
 Cyprus (CYP) 0 1 0 1
 Czech Republic (CZE) 0 1 0 1
 Ireland (IRL) 0 1 0 1
 Lithuania (LTU) 0 1 0 1
 Netherlands Antilles (AHO) 0 1 0 1
 Virgin Islands (ISV) 0 1 0 1
43  Estonia (EST) 0 0 2 2
44  Hungary (HUN) 0 0 1 1
Total 162 153 146 461

Statistics[edit]

This table is based upon the names of the sailors who are documented in the Official Olympic Reports. The table is currently being built and is complete up until 1956.

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
 Netherlands Antilles (AHO)     1 2 2 1 6
 Andorra (AND)     2 3 5
 Angola (ANG)     3 3
 Antigua and Barbuda (ANT)     1 1 7 1 3 13
 Argentina (ARG)     5 6 11 18 14 6 9 6 8 9 4 5 11 7 10 11 13 10 8 171
 Aruba (ARU)     3 1 4
 American Samoa (ASA)     2 2
 Australia (AUS)     3 6 11 13 8 9 13 12 13 13 13 16 14 18 17 13 192
 Austria (AUT)     2 1 1 5 3 1 7 3 3 12 9 5 10 8 11 6 3 5 11 8 114
 Bahamas (BAH)     7 3 11 6 6 5 1 3 2 5 3 1 53
 Barbados (BAR)     2 2 4 4 2 1 15
 Belgium (BEL)     3 14 8 7 3 12 4 1 3 1 3 7 3 1 7 3 4 4 3 3 94
 Bermuda (BER)     3 9 4 4 7 6 3 2 3 4 3 2 2 52
 Burma (BIR)     3 3 2 8
 Belarus (BLR)     1 6 4 1 4 2 18
 Botswana (BOT)     1 1
 Brazil (BRA)     1 7 6 3 5 5 5 10 8 12 1 15 14 14 12 14 12 9 153
 Bahrain (BRN)     11 4 15
 Bulgaria (BUL)     5 1 3 1 2 12
 British West Indies (BWI)     2 2
 Cambodia (CAM)     3 3
 Canada (CAN)     1 13 1 5 11 8 11 11 11 10 10 13 15 16 16 9 11 14 11 197
 Cayman Islands (CAY)     2 2 3 7 1 15
 Ceylon (CEY)     1 1
 Chile (CHI)     1 5 3 1 1 1 1 3 16
 China (CHN)     4 5 2 5 4 4 18 9 51
 Colombia (COL)     2 1 2 5
 Cook Islands (COK)     1 1 1 3
 Croatia (CRO)     3 3 4 4 10 12 36
 Cuba (CUB)     3 2 3 2 2 5 2 2 21
 Cyprus (CYP)     3 2 2 3 2 3 4 2 21
 Czech Republic (CZE)     2 2 4 4 4 16
 Denmark (DEN)     3 6 6 7 13 7 4 9 9 11 11 8 9 8 14 16 11 12 14 6 13 197
 Djibouti (DJI)     1 1 2 4
 Dominican Republic (DOM)     1 2 1 4
 Ecuador (ECU)     1 1
 Egypt (EGY)     1 1 2
 El Salvador (ESA)     3 3
 Spain (ESP)     3 7 1 3 1 11 1 8 4 8 7 8 15 15 16 17 18 16 14 173
 Estonia (EST)     6 1 3 4 4 4 1 2 5 30
 Unified Team of Germany (EUA)     11 11 22
 Unified Team (EUN)     14 14
 Fiji (FIJ)     1 4 5 4 6 2 22
 Finland (FIN)     28 1 1 12 12 14 3 9 5 3 7 8 7 5 5 8 8 9 4 9 11 169
 France (FRA)   66   3 3 3 9 13 3 14 16 9 8 11 3 9 11 10 11 13 17 13 12 18 18 16 309
 West Germany (FRG)     11 13 9 13 15 1 62
 Great Britain (GBR)   8   41 6 5 7 2 14 13 14 12 11 9 5 13 12 13 15 16 16 16 18 18 16 300
 Georgia (GEO)     3 2 5
 East Germany (GDR)     11 11 6 12 9 49
 Germany (GER)   5   6 1 14 14 9 3 15 15 17 17 12 12 140
 Greece (GRE)     4 3 2 8 4 6 6 6 4 7 7 11 14 11 18 12 11 134
 Guatemala (GUA)     2 1 1 2 1 1 2 10
 Guam (GUM)     2 2 3 1 8
 Hong Kong (HKG)     4 2 4 2 1 4 4 7 2 2 2 2 36
 Hungary (HUN)     6 1 5 1 7 5 1 5 3 8 12 6 7 3 3 73
 Independent Olympic Participants (IOP)     1 1
 India (IND)     2 3 2 2 2 1 12
 Indonesia (INA)     3 3 2 1 1 3 1 14
 Ireland (IRL)     5 1 1 6 4 8 6 2 1 5 5 10 4 9 6 8 81
 Iceland (ISL)     2 2 6 8 18
 Israel (ISR)     4 2 5 4 5 5 7 7 7 7 53
 Virgin Islands (ISV)     3 8 6 9 6 5 2 2 1 1 2 45
 Italy (ITA)     3 12 1 14 15 14 12 11 10 8 8 12 6 11 15 11 16 18 18 18 11 244
 British Virgin Islands (IVB)     5 1 3 1 10
 Jamaica (JAM)     3 5 3 2 2 2 2 19
 Japan (JPN)     3 1 6 11 2 5 6 13 7 10 10 10 9 9 102
 Kenya (KEN)     3 1 4
 Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)     1 1 1 3
 South Korea (KOR)     1 7 3 5 5 4 4 4 33
 Latvia (LAT)     1 1 2 2 4 1 11
 Lebanon (LIB)     3 3
 Lithuania (LTU)     2 1 1 1 3 8
 Luxembourg (LUX)     1 1 2
 Morocco (MAR)     1 1
 Malaysia (MAS)     1 1 1 1 4
 Mexico (MEX)     2 11 11 6 3 6 4 3 2 2 3 3 3 59
 Malta (MLT)     3 1 1 2 2 1 1 11
 Montenegro (MNE)     1 1
 Monaco (MON)     1 1 2 3 3 2 1 13
 Mauritius (MRI)     1 1
 Netherlands (NED)   3   8 2 16 2 8 12 9 6 6 6 5 9 12 8 12 14 12 9 14 12 11 196
 Norway (NOR)     5 18 59 9 10 14 13 12 6 9 9 11 13 6 7 7 13 16 9 8 9 6 269
 New Zealand (NZL)     5 3 3 3 9 8 11 13 17 8 18 12 9 15 134
 Oman (OMA)     1 1
 Pakistan (PAK)     6 2 2 10
 Paraguay (PAR)     1 1 2
 Peru (PER)     1 3 1 1 6
 Philippines (PHI)     3 3 1 3 3 1 2 4 20
 Papua New Guinea (PNG)     1 1 2
 Poland (POL)     1 2 6 3 11 1 12 2 4 6 9 9 11 11 88
 Portugal (POR)     1 4 3 9 9 5 11 6 8 6 2 3 3 8 9 9 6 8 13 123
 Puerto Rico (PUR)     1 6 5 9 6 3 4 3 2 1 40
 Qatar (QAT)     1 1 2
 Rhodesia (RHO)     2 3 5
 Republic of China (ROC)     1 1
 Romania (ROM)     5 2 7
 South Africa (RSA)     1 1 2 1 4 6 3 11 4 2 1 3 2 41
 Russia (RUS)     17 12 12 13 10 10 74
 Saint Lucia (LCA)     1 1 2
 Senegal (SEN)     1 1
 Seychelles (SEY)     1 2 3 1 1 8
 Singapore (SIN)     5 3 1 2 2 4 3 1 6 2 29
 Slovenia (SLO)     3 5 5 3 6 4 26
 San Marino (SMR)     1 1 1 3
 Sri Lanka (SRI)     2 1 3
 Switzerland (SUI)   3   1 2 6 13 11 11 7 9 10 6 8 9 9 10 5 8 8 9 6 151
 Slovakia (SVK)     2 4 1 4 1 12
 Sweden (SWE)     13 41 12 11 5 7 14 15 14 7 11 9 8 13 12 10 13 15 15 15 17 10 11 14 312
 Czechoslovakia (TCH)     1 2 1 1 1 3 3 1 13
 Thailand (THA)     2 2 4 4 3 2 1 1 2 1 3 1 2 3 31
 Chinese Taipei (TPE)     2 3 1 1 1 8
 Trinidad and Tobago (TRI)     2 2 1 1 6
 Tunisia (TUN)     1 1 1 3
 Turkey (TUR)     3 1 3 2 2 2 5 4 5 6 5 38
 United Arab Emirates (UAE)     1 1
 Ukraine (UKR)     12 11 10 6 4 43
 Soviet Union (URS)     14 11 11 11 11 13 12 12 15 110
 Uruguay (URU)     1 4 1 3 1 12 3 5 3 2 1 2 1 2 41
 United States (USA)     11 21 14 16 16 13 10 11 11 13 13 15 17 16 18 18 18 16 267
 Venezuela (VEN)     2 3 4 2 1 1 1 1 3 2 20
 Yugoslavia (YUG)     1 3 3 2 3 1 3 1 17
 Zimbabwe (ZIM)     1 3 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 1 0 0 0 0 9
 Mixed team (ZZX)   3   3
Sailors 88 65 110 102 72 134 54 169 216 227 153 287 223 247 315 250 153 295 368 439 457 398 396 406 388 6012
Male 1 63 110 101 71 131 54 167 216 224 153 287 223 247 315 250 153 294 327 358 357 306 261 237 4906
Female 87 2 0 1 1 3 0 2 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 41 81 100 92 135 151 700
First Olympic 88 65 101 98 64 119 50 150 190 169 1094
Continents 2 1 1 1 4 4 3 4 5 6 6 37
Countries 6 5 6 6 19 23 11 26 23 29 29 47 43 41 44 41 24 62 61 73 78 68 57 822
New countries 6 3 3 0 10 5 0 6 3 2 6 44
Classes 7 4 4 14 3 3 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 7 8 10 10 10 11 11 10 168
First use 7 5 1 7 1 0 2 1 3 2 1 30
Boats 70 13 24 24 31 41 23 59 75 93 71 138 109 123 151 127 83 170 213 268 311 271 263 2751
Average class size 10 3.3 6 1.7 10.3 13.7 5.8 14.8 15 18.6 14.2 27.6 21.8 24.6 25.2 21.2 13.8 24.3 26.625 26.8 31.1 27.1 23.9 407.4
Average team size 1.3 5 4.6 4.3 2.3 3.3 2.3 2.9 2.9 2.4 2.2 6.1 5.2 6.0 7.2 6.1 6.375 4.8 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.9 6.9 105.9
Year 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 24

Sailing medal leaders (by Summer Olympiad)[edit]

Games of Leader Gold Silver Bronze Total
 France, 1900 Paris  Great Britain (GBR) 3 0 1 4
 United Kingdom, 1908 London  Great Britain (GBR) 4 1 1 6
 Sweden, 1912 Stockholm  Norway (NOR) 2 0 0 2
 Belgium, 1920 Antwerp  Norway (NOR) 7 3 1 11
 France, 1924 Paris  Norway (NOR) 2 1 0 3
 Netherlands, 1928 Amsterdam  Norway (NOR) 1 1 0 2
 United States, 1932 Los Angeles  United States (USA) 2 1 0 3
 Germany, 1936 Berlin  Germany (GER) 1 1 1 3
 United Kingdom, 1948 London  United States (USA) 2 1 1 4
 Finland, 1952 Helsinki  United States (USA) 2 1 0 3
 Australia, 1956 Melbourne  Sweden (SWE) 2 0 0 2
 Italy, 1960 Rome  Denmark (DEN) 1 2 0 3
 Japan, 1964 Tokyo  Germany (EUA) 1 1 0 2
 Mexico, 1968 Mexico City  United States (USA) 2 0 0 2
 West Germany, 1972 Munich  Australia (AUS) 2 0 0 2
 Canada, 1976 Montreal  West Germany (FRG) 2 0 1 3
 Soviet Union, 1980 Moscow  Brazil (BRA) 2 0 0 2
 United States, 1984 Los Angeles  United States (USA) 3 4 0 7
 South Korea, 1988 Seoul  France (FRA) 2 0 0 2
 Spain, 1992 Barcelona  Spain (ESP) 4 1 0 5
 United States, 1996 Atlanta  Brazil (BRA) 2 0 1 3
 Australia, 2000 Sydney  Great Britain (GBR) 3 2 0 5
 Greece, 2004 Athens  Great Britain (GBR) 2 1 2 5
 China, 2008 Beijing  Great Britain (GBR) 4 1 1 6
 United Kingdom, 2012 London  Australia (AUS) 3 1 0 4

Multiple medalists[edit]

Brazilians Torben Grael and Robert Scheidt and Briton Ben Ainslie are the only Olympic sailors with five Olympic medals. The most successful sailor is Ainslie with four gold medals and one silver, one of only four athletes to win four consecutive gold medals in individual events.

Position Sailor Country Period Gold Silver Bronze Total Classes
1 Ben Ainslie  Great Britain (GBR) 1996–2012 4 1 0 5 Laser/Finn
2 Paul Elvstrøm  Denmark (DEN) 1948–1960 4 0 0 4 Firefly/Finn
3 Jochen Schümann  Germany (GER) 1976–2000 3 1 0 4 Finn/Soling
Valentin Mankin  Soviet Union (URS) 1968–1980 3 1 0 4 Finn/Tempest/Star
5 Robert Scheidt  Brazil (BRA) 1996–2012 2 2 1 5 Laser/Star
6 Torben Grael  Brazil (BRA) 1984–2004 2 1 2 5 Soling/Star
7 Magnus Konow  Norway (NOR) 1912–1936 2 1 0 3 12 Metre/8 Metre/6 Metre
Rodney Pattisson  Great Britain (GBR) 1968–1976 2 1 0 3 Flying Dutchman
Mark Reynolds  United States (USA) 1988–2000 2 1 0 3 Star
Iain Percy  Great Britain (GBR) 2000–2012 2 1 0 3 Finn/Star
11 Tore Holm  Sweden (SWE) 1920–1948 2 0 2 4 40m2 class/8 Metre/6 Metre
Four or more medals
Alessandra Sensini  Italy (ITA) 1996–2008 1 1 2 4 Mistral/RS:X
Carlos Espínola  Argentina (ARG) 1996–2008 0 2 2 4 Mistral/Tornado
Barbara Kendall  New Zealand (NZL) 1992–2000 1 1 1 3 Mistral/Lechner

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ ISBN 978-90-78440-23-9[full citation needed] Olympic Classes
  2. ^ http://www.sailing.org/olympics/london2012/about/history/
  3. ^ It is unclear in what classes the races were scheduled.
  4. ^ In 1900 two races were held in the ½-ton, 1–2 Ton and 2–3 Ton classes. After each race, trophies were handed out, in addition to the ultimate winners receiving their Olympic medals.
  5. ^ Sailing was not included in the 1904 Olympic program.
  6. ^ It is not known in what classes the races were scheduled.
  7. ^ Program Tokio announced.
  8. ^ No program created.
  9. ^ This is the first time all Olympic events took place in one periode.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]