Codename: Sailor V
|Codename: Sailor V|
The Japanese cover of the first volume, depicting Sailor V and Artemis
(Kōdo Nēmu wa Sērā Bui)
|Genre||Magical girl, Romance|
|Written by||Naoko Takeuchi|
|Original run||March 1992 – November 1997|
Codename: Sailor V (Japanese: コードネームはセーラーＶ Hepburn: Kōdo Nēmu wa Sērā Bui?) is a manga created by Naoko Takeuchi. The series revolves around the character Minako Aino, a cheerful schoolgirl who finds out that she has magical powers that she must use to protect the people of the Earth. Codename: Sailor V is the basis for its sequel, Pretty Soldier Sailor Moon.
Codename: Sailor V tells the story of Minako Aino, a thirteen-year old middle school student, who is slightly distracted, out-spoken and dreams about someday finding her true lover and boyfriend. But soon, her calm and normal life changes when she encounters a talking white cat with a crescent moon on its forehead. This cat introduces himself as Artemis and claims that Minako possesses the magical ability to transform into a much stronger, more powerful, and more beautiful girl than anyone.
He calls her "Sailor Venus" and tells her she has a mission to protect Earth in the name of her guardian planet Venus. To help her with her new mission, Artemis gives her two items, a crescent moon shaped compact and a magical pen. The magical pen allows her to transform into her magical and strong alter-ego, the beautiful sailor-suited Soldier of Justice: Sailor V.
Sailor V begins fighting the evil agents known as the Dark Agency, who fight under Danburite's command. He is in charge of sending his many talented idols to enslave the public.
Sailor V has many adventures as a Soldier of Justice, some sparking the envy and admiration of the police force. She also later gains the aid of Saijyo Ace, who had for a moment taken her spotlight due to his popular TV show.
At the end Minako realizes that her duty is more important than romance and discovers her true identity as Sailor Venus, so she has another mission: to find the other four Sailor Soldiers, and the moon princess. The series ends, and Sailor V resurfaces in the Sailor Moon manga.
- Artemis: Minako's cat partner in defending justice. He plays a major part in Sailor Moon and is the earlier counterpart of Luna.
- Boss (Transformation Pen): Unseen, communicates with Artemis and Minako through the Transformation Pen and gives them instructions. The identity of the "Boss" is never directly revealed, but in the Sailor Moon manga it is implied that it is the spirit of Queen Serenity, kept "alive" by the ancient computers on the Moon.
- Hikaru Sorano: Hikaru and Minako have been best friends since elementary school. She resembles Ami Mizuno from Sailor Moon. Hikaru is the vice president of an unnamed volunteer organization.
- Minako's mother: Is a housewife. Much of the time she is seen disciplining Minako for her bad deeds. She looks nearly identical to Usagi's mother in Sailor Moon, as both are based on Takeuchi's own mother. The major difference in appearance between the two is hairstyle: Minako's mother wears hers in a ponytail while Usagi's mother wears hers loose.
- Motoki Furuhata: Motoki works at the Game Center Crown, and seems to be one of Minako's crushes. He also appears in Sailor Moon.
- Gurikazu Amano: Amano is a geeky guy from Minako's school. Very similar to Umino.
- Minako's father: Is a Company Employee. He looks identical to Usagi's father in Sailor Moon, as both are based on Takeuchi's own father.
- Natsuna Sakurada : She is the superintendent-general of the Metropolitan Police Board and a huge fan of Sailor V. She resembles Rei Hino. Her sister, Haruna Sakurada, is featured in Sailor Moon.
- Toshio Wakagi: Wakagi is twenty-seven years old and a Special Officer of the Metropolitan Police Office. He does not like Sailor V because he feels that she makes a fool out of police officers. Wakagi has an older brother.
- Saitou: Once a student of Shiba Junior High School, Saitou is the leader of a high school gang and the toughest guy in Tokyo. He looks like Kunzite from Sailor Moon, though if he is him, it is never made clear. The Sailor Moon musical takes it one step further and makes Saitou the civilian identity of Kunzite. He loves Ms. Okamoto but she got married while during his time as her student.
- Ms. Okamoto: A home economics teacher at Shiba Junior High School. Is married and has a fondness for making promise chains. Nicknamed Okappi.
- Marie Buraidaru: The comic artist of Aurora♡Wedding, which Minako reads. The manga itself foreshadows events in the Sailor Moon series. She is twenty years old and has been writing the manga since eighth grade. Has glasses similar to Umino and Amano, but is quite beautiful underneath them. The main character of her manga, Linda, is based on her, and Linda's ten sisters are shown as silhouettes that match up to each of the ten Sailor Soldiers. In the Japanese version, her last name Buraidaru is a phonetic play on Bridal and spelled out in hiragana.
- Shinrou Baishaku: He is Marie's younger editor who helps keep her on track. He looks similar to Phantom Ace. Gets married to Marie. Linda's love interest Swallowtail Mask is based on him.
- Maiku Otonaru: He is one of Minako's many love interests. Half-Russian, half-Japanese. He's had heart problems since birth. He doesn't engage in physical activity or have many friends as a result. Minako pushes him into practicing for the marathon with her and he collapses. They grow closer after she goes to his house, a karaoke parlor, to apologize. He loses his will to live after collapsing due to Karaoke Soldier Mike Makkii planting evil microphones that steal the singer's energy. After Mike Makkii is defeated he regains his will to live and pushes his heart operation back so he can watch Minako participate (and win) the marathon. Has a Russian pen-pal to whom he is engaged. Hates hospitals and prefers to recover at home so he can listen to the singers, whose happiness give him energy to carry on with life.
- Otonaru's Pen-pal: Russian. Makes one appearance. Is Onotaru's fiancee.
During the series, Usagi Tsukino, Ami Mizuno, Rei Hino, Makoto Kino and Naru Osaka from Pretty Soldier Sailor Moon makes several cameos.
- Narcissus: Narcissus moved about Minako's school and brainwashed the girls there into becoming his slaves so that the Dark Agency might rule Japan. Seemingly a perfectly gorgeous and popular transfer student named Higashi, Minako develops a crush on him and tries to give him a love letter, but either her lack of courage or other obstacles get in her way. When they meet at the Glory Cram School, they are paired together for a study lesson. He tells her that her long hair is very ladylike and that she should wear a big red ribbon on back. However, when she thinks that Higashi and a girl named Haneda like each other, Minako gives up and decides to find a new guy. When Higashi attacks Haneda, revealing his true form as Narcissus, Minako leaps to the rescue as Sailor V. Once she defeated Narcissus, all the girls were released from his power.
- Takurou Ootaku: Takurou is not really a member of the Dark Agency, just a local pervert otaku who likes female warrior fighting games. Minako encounters him at the Crown Game Center where he flips Sailor V's skirt to examine her panties and ultimately feels the wrath of an enraged Minako. It is also hinted that he might like to look at females from a high level so he could see their breast cleavage.
- Pandora: The idol Pandora is debuting on Channel 44 in a 24-hour idol show. She also plans to give signed CDs to all the boys who come to the studio to support her. She is actually a member of the Dark Agency, and is brainwashing everyone in the city. Minako disguises herself as a policewoman and goes to the station to stop Pandora. She melts the idol with her Crescent Beam attack, leaving her as nothing but a pile of mush.
- Petite Pandora: Petite Pandora is the younger sister of the evil idol Pandora. She is determined to avenge her sister's death by killing Sailor V. The model becomes an instant sensation with her undeniable cuteness and her trademark "world's cutest wink.". Her wink, however, is what she uses to brainwash her victims and turn them into her slaves. She leaves a message for Sailor V at the Police Station threatening to kill her slaves if she doesn't meet her at Shiba park. When Sailor V arrives, Petite Pandora is eventually destroyed by Sailor V and the slaves are freed.
- Dark Guys: The Dark Guys are an idol group made up of triplets. They are actually clones of Fluorite that aid her in her plans. Minako and Hikaru are big fans of the group and even buy their CD. However, they belong to the Dark Agency's idol talent, a place who had also employed Pandora and Petite Pandora. They are part of Fluorite's plot to suck up lots of energy by sending out clone idols to do the work. With the Twin Dark and Dark Shizuka-hime, every age group for idol fans is covered. However, Sailor V destroys the clones with her Crescent Beam.
- Twin Dark: Twin Dark are twin girl idols and younger sisters to the triplet Dark Guys. Like The Dark Guys, they are actually clones of Fluorite. Amano is a big fan of these girls. They are destroyed by Sailor V.
- Dark Princess Shizuka (Dark Shizuka-hime in the English adaptation): She is called the salary man's goddess, the most popular singer for karaoke. She is a clone of Fluorite and is destroyed by Sailor V.
- Fluorite: Fluorite runs the Dark Agency's idol talent section and has Pandora, Petite Pandora, Dark Guys, Twin Dark, and Dark Princess Shizuka all following her command. Narcissus is also under her, though he is not an idol but an undercover transfer student at Minako's school. Fluorite takes orders directly from the shadowy boss, Danburite. She uses idols to collect energy and gain slaves for the Dark Agency so that they might take over the world. However, after much struggling Sailor V finally destroys her.
- Cyberwarrior Girl Luga (Lurga in the English adaptation): When Minako goes to the game center, she finds out that the new "Cyberwarrior Girl Luga" game is a virtual reality game and it is so popular that she doesn't get to play it. Her friend Amano gets a copy of the game and lends it to Minako where she hears from her mother that the game is so popular that fights are breaking out about it and her mother tells her it sounds dangerous. The next morning she finds her parents fighting over the game and at school she finds that everyone is obsessed about getting home to play the Luga game. The Boss reveals it is a Dark Agency plot and she eventually gets sucked into the game. Amano plays the game with Minako inside and together they defeat Luga.
- Hibiscusy: She is the representative of the Dark Agency's Hawaiian branch. She gets permission from Danburite to collect energy from the Japanese who are travelling abroad over the summer. She poses as the chief stewardess on the Dark Air System headed for Hawaii. However, when she hears that Sailor V ended up in Greece rather than on her plane to Hawaii, she changes the flight's course. Upon arrival in Greece, Hibiscusy feels the hatred of Sailor V from someone and it turns out to be Wakagi's brother. She transforms him into Aloha Kamen, but he is easily defeated when Minako transforms into a skimpy bathing suit. Hibiscusy is quickly destroyed by Sailor V's Crescent Beam attack.
- Vivian: A really powerful, unknown gang has shown up and they have been starting fights all over the place. Some people suspect it is Saitou and his gang, but in truth, they are agents of the Dark Agency. While they pick fights, they soak up fighting energy from the thugs. When the thugs have no power left, they are brainwashed and used as puppets. Vivian is the one leading this gang. She claims she is the president of the Dark Agency and is settling things in Tokyo. Vivian is destroyed by Sailor V.
- Debrine (deVleene in the English adaptation): She first appears close to Valentine's Day selling Rainbow Chocolates. Girls have been eating the chocolates and gaining weight. Debrine then hands out fliers advertising for health camp Spa Debrine, where girls can get their ideal proportions, but it is all a trap. She is collecting the energy from them during this time and when they eat more of her chocolates, they will come back for more help. None of the girls that visit Este de Brine lose any weight either and are instead tricked by magical mirrors. When the girls hand out the Rainbow Chocolates for Valentine's Day, the weight gain spreads to the boys too. Soon the entire town has gained weight; being pudgy is the new "in" body shape. Minako later sneaks into the Este de Brine building with Wakagi and confronts Debrine. Debrine uses "Rainbow Chocolate Attack" and attacks Sailor V with chocolate, but V defeats her with "Crescent Slender Beam." Upon her defeat, the entire Este De Brine building collapses on top of Sailor V.
- Liquid Fande, Powder Fande, Water Fande, Solid Fande: The Phantom Ace craze is making girls want to be pretty. They are told that they can become beautiful heroines at the "Fashion Building Heroine". Liquid Fande is in charge of Cosmetics on the first floor, Water Fande is in charge of Wardrobe on the second floor, Powder Fande is in charge of Tableware on the third floor and Solid Fande is in charge of Customer Service and Tour Conduct on the fourth floor. After shopping, the girls are brainwashed by their free gifts and are told that to become beautiful heroines, they have to defeat Sailor V. The crowd finds Sailor V at the live taping of Phantom Ace's show and attack. The Fande women arrive and Sailor V battles, but as she hasn't charged her compact, the power is low and she cannot attack. Phantom Ace comes to the rescue and defeats them. All three are really part of the same woman, Fande. Their names are a reference to different types of foundation.
- Nyan-Nyan: Nyan-Nyan is the oldest sister of three siblings (Nyan-Nyan, Wan-Wan, & Chuu-Chuu). She is the first to attack out of the trio. Her plan is to suck out the energy from the people at the athletics festival. She has the ability to turn herself into a cat and she happens to come across Sailor V who defeats her before she can cause too much trouble.
- Wan-Wan: He is the second of the three animal siblings. While he does have an energy stealing scheme, he is more interested in revenge for his older sister. He disguises himself as a little black dog (who is bought by Marie-sensei) and named Luna-chan. Since he looks so much like a cat, Artemis starts to develop a crush on little Luna-chan. After some time, Luna-chan attacks and transforms back into Wan-Wan. Sailor V defeats him and all is safe once again.
- Chuu-Chuu: The last of the three animal siblings and a mosquito-type woman. She dresses as a handsome doctor who is taking blood at the hospital in a plot to drain all the blood from Japan. Minako discovers that the cute doctor is actually the enemy and forces him to reveal his real identity as Chuu-Chuu. Sailor V defeats the woman with her "Diphenhydramine Combo! Venus-Brand Mosquito Repellent Incense Typhoon!!" She calls out to her siblings as she reverts to an insect. Sailor V then allows her to live, stating that she'll need four million more years of evolution if she's ever to hope of defeating humankind.
- Karaoke Soldier Mike Makkii: This villain's plot is to take energy from all the people who sang karaoke. With their raised levels of enthusiasm, she is sure she will succeed. She places special energy sucking microphones throughout Roppongi's karaoke places. However, she doesn't count on Artemis giving Sailor V a new item, the Venus Mike, or V using her "Venus Ten Billion Volt Rock 'N' Rouge!!" to destroy the enemy.
- Princess Lin-Lin: She discovers Minako's real identity as Sailor V. She works closely with Danburite and she calls herself the beautiful heart of the Dark Agency. Her plan is to take over the Chinese people under the company identity of Avex Trax Productions. She is defeated by V's "Venus Love Megaton Shower!" attack.
- Danburite: Always cloaked in the shadows, Danburite leads the members of the Dark Agency, and serves under the Shitennou, reporting back directly to Kunzite. In the final volume of the series, Danburite reveals himself to be none other than Minako's love interest, Phantom Ace. She discovers his identity during a joint Japanese-Chinese movie called The Chinese Princess Story. It is here that the Dark Agency is discovered to be part of the Dark Kingdom. Danburite is also revealed that in his past life he was Adonis, a lowly foot soldier posted to Princess Venus's army in her past life. He was later assigned to fight under Endymion. He had fallen in love with Venus, but the love was one-sided. It is because of him that Minako learns of the existence of the Dark Kingdom and joins the Sailor Team. Upon his death at the hands of Sailor V, he predicted that her love would be doomed for all eternity, knowing she would always choose duty over love. At key moments, the symbol of Venus glows on his forehead.
Phantom Ace (怪盗Ａ Kaitōu Ēsu?) was a love interest of Minako's in Codename: Sailor V. He was an idol who appeared after an evil plot to make girls gain weight. He helped the girls of Tokyo to lose weight, had his own TV show, and fights alongside Sailor V (like Tuxedo Mask would later help Sailor Moon.) His real name is Saijyo Ace. He is similar to Tuxedo Mask. His main attack is throwing playing cards, and has the named attack "Delicious Four Card Shot."
It is later revealed that he is Danburite, the leader of the Dark Agency and serves under the Four Kings of Heaven. In the kingdom of Silver Millennium, he was Adonis, a lowly foot-soldier posted to Venus. He saw Princess Venus and fell in love with her, but his love was hopeless. He was talented at giving "Love Readings" involving playing cards, predominately the aces of the four suits. In his final death scene against Sailor V, he foretells that her love shall forever remain hopeless, dooming her but at the same time leaving her path open to put her mission before romance without hesitation.
Written and illustrated by Naoko Takeuchi, Codename: Sailor V made its debut as a one-shot in the summer vacation issue of the manga magazine RunRun, published in August 1991. It returned as a serial in RunRun from the spring break issue, published in March 1992 to the November 1997 issue. Kodansha compiled the fifteen chapters into three bound volumes and published them from December 18, 1993 to November 6, 1997. In 2004, the series was re-released in two deluxe volumes with revised artwork and dialogue. In 2014, Codename: Sailor V will be published in one Kanzenban or "Complete Edition". However, further information has not been revealed.
In association with Random House, Kodansha Comics USA published an English-language translation of the deluxe editions of Codename: Sailor V in North America, along with its re-printing of the Sailor Moon manga. The series was published from September 13, 2011 to November 15, 2011.  The series has also been translated into other languages, including French and Spanish by Glenat; German by Egmont Manga & Anime; Italian by Star Edizioni and later by GP Publishing, serialized in its manga magazine Amici; and Polish by JPF.
For the week of 11 September 2011 to 17 September 2011, Codename: Sailor V was second on The New York Times Manga Best Sellers list, behind the first volume of Sailor Moon. The following week, it was again second on the list behind the first volume of Sailor Moon. The week after that, it slipped to third place. For the week of 9 October - 15 October, it reappeared at eighth place, the next week appearing at ninth. For the week of 6–12 November 2011, the first volume appeared at #2 on the list, above Sailor Moon for the first time. The following week, the second volume of Codename: Sailor V appeared at #2 on the list, and the first volume did not appear. For the week of 20–26 November, the second volume placed third on the list. On the BookScan Top 20 Graphic Novels of November 2011, the second volume placed third, and the first volume placed thirteenth.
Brigid Alverson described Codename: Sailor V as feeling like a rough draft of Sailor Moon. Ed Sizemore felt Sailor V had less character development than Sailor Moon, feeling that this was not a drawback. Sean Gaffney notes that unlike Usagi, Minako performs her missions alone, and describes the tone of the manga as an " action comedy". Rebecca Silverman notes that most of Sailor V is episodic, but feels it is worth reading due to the insights it gives into Minako's character, and the groundwork it lays for Sailor Moon. Katherine Dacey feels that while an adult may see the series as "repetitive, hokey, and poorly drawn", a child would see it as an "appealing fantasy in which an ordinary girl can assume a new, powerful identity" to defeat bullies and evil. Dacey sees Codename Sailor V's strength as being Minako's enthusiastic character. Matthew Warner sees the book as being a "lighthearted spoof" of magical girl titles.
- Minako Aino - More info on the title character
- Pretty Soldier Sailor Moon - The sequel series
- Pretty Guardian Sailor Moon - The live-action show which features Sailor V
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- Gaffney, Sean (2011-09-20). "Codename Sailor V, Vol. 1". Retrieved 2011-11-03.
- Silverman, Rebecca (2011-10-05). "Codename: Sailor V GN1 - Review". Anime News Network. Retrieved 2011-11-02.
- Gaffney, Sean (2011-11-30). "Codename Sailor V, Vol. 2". A Case Suitable for Treatment. Retrieved 2011-12-11.
- Takeuchi, Naoko (2011). "Translation Notes". Codename: Sailor V 2. Translated and adapted by William Flanagan. Kodansha Comics. p. 288. ISBN 978-1-935429-78-4.
- Sailor V Vol 15
- Takeuchi, Naoko (2013). "Pretty Guardian Sailor Moon ~Ten Years of Love and Miracles~". Pretty Guardian Sailor Moon: Short Stories 2. New York: Kodansha Comics USA. pp. 196–200. ISBN 978-1-612-62010-7.
- RunRun (August 1991 (Summer Vacation Special)). Kodansha. p. 51.
- Takeuchi, Naoko (December 1993). コードネームはセーラーＶ (1). Kodansha. ISBN 4-06-322801-0.
- Takeuchi, Naoko (November 1997). コードネームはセーラーＶ (3). Kodansha. ISBN 4-06-322834-7.
- "「なかよし」公式ホームページ『デジなか』｜なかよし｜コードネームはセーラーＶ｜作品紹介｜講談社コミックプラス" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved 2011-12-11.
- "「なかよし」公式ホームページ『デジなか』｜なかよし｜コードネームはセーラーＶ 新装版（２）｜作品紹介｜講談社コミックプラス" (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved 2011-12-11.
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- "Codename: Sailor V Volume 1". Amazon.com. Retrieved March 26, 2011.
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- Takeuchi, Naoko (October 23, 2003). "Afterword Punch". Bishoujo Senshi Sailor Moon shinsouban Volume 3. Kodansha. ISBN 4-06-334783-4.
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- "New York Times Manga Best Seller List, September 25-October 1". Anime News Network. 2011-10-07. Retrieved 2011-11-02.
- "New York Times Manga Best Seller List, October 9–15". Anime News Network. 2011-10-21. Retrieved 2011-11-02.
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- "'Sailor Moon' Pulls Off a Hat Trick". ICv2. Retrieved 2011-12-11.
- Alverson, Bridget (2011-09-27). "Manga Review: Codename Sailor V, vol. 1". MTV Geek. Retrieved 2011-11-02.
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- Code Name: Sailor V - a novelization of the manga at The Manga of Takeuchi Naoko
- Codename:Sailor V at wikimoon
- Sailor V at wikimoon
- Codename: Sailor V (manga) at Anime News Network's Encyclopedia