Sainshand

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sainshand District
Сайншанд сум
ᠰᠠᠶᠢᠩᠰᠠᠩᠳᠠᠰᠤᠮᠤ
District
The train station in Sainshand
The train station in Sainshand
Sainshand District is located in Mongolia
Sainshand District
Sainshand District
Coordinates: 44°53′30″N 110°8′12″E / 44.89167°N 110.13667°E / 44.89167; 110.13667Coordinates: 44°53′30″N 110°8′12″E / 44.89167°N 110.13667°E / 44.89167; 110.13667
Country Mongolia
Province Dornogovi Province
Founded 1931
Elevation 961 m (3,153 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 28,712
Time zone UTC + 8 (UTC+8)
Area code(s) (+976) 1522

Sainshand (Mongolian: Сайншанд; ᠰᠠᠶᠢᠩᠰᠠᠩᠳᠠ) is the capital of Dornogovi Province in Mongolia. It is located in the eastern Gobi desert steppe, on the Trans-Mongolian Railway. The city has a population of 25,210 (2000 census), 19,548 (2006, est.[1]), 19,891(2008, est.[2]).

The territory of Sainshand sum consists of 5 bags (communes). The first three bags make up the main part of the city, Övör (Southern), the fourth bag is the Ar (Northern) part, and the fifth bag is the remote settlement Züünbayan, 46 kilometres (29 mi) south from the main part of the city.

The population of the northern part was 4,944 at the end of 2006[1] and 4,822 at the end of 2008.[2] The railway station on the Trans-Mongolian Railway is found in this northern part. A 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) long section to the west contains the ruins of an abandoned Soviet military base.

The population of the southern part was 12,687 at the end of 2006[1] and 13,463 at the end of 2008.[2] The main Dornogovi Province institutions are located in this part of the city.

The northern and southern parts are divided by a range of hills.

The restored Buddhist monastery Khamariin Khiid (Khamar) is 30 kilometres (19 mi) south of the city, and Sainshand itself houses a museum dedicated to the nineteenth century monastic and literary figure Danzanravjaa, a prominent leader of the Nyingma (Red Hat) school of Tibetan Buddhism.

Within the Sainshand sum, the Züünbayan bag is an oil production settlement located 46 kilometres (29 mi) south of the main city. Its population was 1,917 at the end of 2006[1]) and 1,606 at the end of 2008.[2] It is connected to the main Sainshand station by the Trans-Mongolian Railway.

Climate[edit]

Sainshand experiences a desert climate (Köppen BWk) with long, very dry, very cold winters and short, hot summers.

Climate data for Sainshand
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 1.1
(34)
13.1
(55.6)
21.6
(70.9)
29.4
(84.9)
36.7
(98.1)
40.0
(104)
39.5
(103.1)
38.4
(101.1)
32.6
(90.7)
26.6
(79.9)
14.3
(57.7)
6.2
(43.2)
40
(104)
Average high °C (°F) −11.8
(10.8)
−6.7
(19.9)
3.0
(37.4)
14.1
(57.4)
22.5
(72.5)
27.5
(81.5)
29.4
(84.9)
27.5
(81.5)
20.8
(69.4)
12.0
(53.6)
−0.6
(30.9)
−9.8
(14.4)
10.66
(51.18)
Daily mean °C (°F) −18.1
(−0.6)
−13.7
(7.3)
−4.2
(24.4)
5.9
(42.6)
14.5
(58.1)
20.4
(68.7)
22.7
(72.9)
20.9
(69.6)
13.6
(56.5)
4.4
(39.9)
−7.0
(19.4)
−15.6
(3.9)
3.65
(38.56)
Average low °C (°F) −22.8
(−9)
−19.5
(−3.1)
−10.9
(12.4)
−1.1
(30)
7.2
(45)
13.6
(56.5)
16.8
(62.2)
15.0
(59)
7.5
(45.5)
−1.4
(29.5)
−12.3
(9.9)
−20.4
(−4.7)
−2.36
(27.77)
Record low °C (°F) −35
(−31)
−35.8
(−32.4)
−27.1
(−16.8)
−22.6
(−8.7)
−10.2
(13.6)
3.2
(37.8)
7.2
(45)
5.6
(42.1)
−4.4
(24.1)
−17.1
(1.2)
−28
(−18)
−34.3
(−29.7)
−35.8
(−32.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 0.5
(0.02)
1.1
(0.043)
1.5
(0.059)
3.1
(0.122)
8.1
(0.319)
16.1
(0.634)
31.0
(1.22)
30.9
(1.217)
10.9
(0.429)
4.6
(0.181)
2.1
(0.083)
1.4
(0.055)
111.3
(4.382)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.7 1.6 2.8 5.4 4.4 1.8 1.0 0.6 0.4 19.5
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]