||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (December 2008)|
|• Mayor (2001–2008)||Jean-Baptiste Lambert|
|• Land1||69 km2 (27 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||23/km2 (61/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||64477 / 64430|
|Elevation||146–1,049 m (479–3,442 ft)
(avg. 273 m or 896 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Saint-Étienne-de-Baïgorry (Basque: Baigorri) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France, located at the same time in the former province of Lower Navarre. It borders the municipality of Baztan to the west (Spain, access via the Izpegi Pass).
The town is home to the renowned Day of Navarre (Basque: Nafarroa Eguna), a festival attracting a massive turnout (by thousands) from the Spanish and French side of Navarre in early May intended to strengthen ties between both Navarrese territories and affirming their common Basque identity.
Saint-Étienne-de-Baïgorry is the chief town of a district; 11 cities and villages ascribed to the French Canton of Saint-Étienne-de-Baïgorry had some 5,727 inhabitants on some 311 km2. in 2006, with decreasing population, against some 8500 inhabitants on the Westwards nearby Baztan area in some 376 km2., also decreasing population. Eastwards, French area of Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port, a dowry of King Sancho VII of Navarre, deceased 1234, to his sister Berengaria of Navarre, deceased 1230, the quiet wife and widow of Angevin King Richard I the Lionheart of England, also Duke of Aquitaine and Duke of Gascony, deceased April 1199.
French Communes limiting with the town of Saint-Étienne de Baïgorry
- Bidarray, Northwards. 652 inhabitants in 2006. Some 30 km2.
- Saint-Martin-d'Arrossa- North-East. 462 inhabitants in 2006.
- Irouléguy. East. Famous vineyards for many years. 316 inhabitants in 2006,
- Anhaux. South-West.280 inhabitants in 2006. 12.3 km2.,
- Banca. South. Some 373 inhabitants in 2006,
Saint-Étienne-de-Baïgorry has 1617 inhabitants, as of the 2006 census.
- Saint-Etienne church, in a Viscounty created in 1033 by King Sancho III of Navarre, is mentioned in documents of 1253, but with a Baroque retable of the 17th century displaying the stoning of 1st century AD Saint Étienne
- Château d'Etchaux, built in the 16th century by Viscount of Baïgorry
Coat of arms
- Jean Isidore Harispe, 1st Comte Harispe, (Saint-Étienne-de-Baïgorry, 7 December 1768 - Lacarre, 26 May 1855), was a distinguished French soldier of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, as well as a of the following period. Harispe was created a Marshal of France in 1851.
- INSEE commune file
- http://www.euskomedia.org/aunamendi/63865 . An account on the Basque historic works by French born researcher Jean de Jaurgain, (Ossas, (Zuberoa), 1842 - Ziburu, (Laburdi), Lower Navarre, 18 March 1920)
- Arnaud d'Oihenart et sa famille, París, 1885, by Jean de Jaurgin.