Saint-Affrique

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For the town in the Tarn département, see Saint-Affrique-les-Montagnes.
Saint-Affrique
Saint-affrique Pont-Vieux Eglise.jpg
Coat of arms of Saint-Affrique
Coat of arms
Saint-Affrique is located in France
Saint-Affrique
Saint-Affrique
Coordinates: 43°57′33″N 2°53′14″E / 43.9592°N 2.8872°E / 43.9592; 2.8872Coordinates: 43°57′33″N 2°53′14″E / 43.9592°N 2.8872°E / 43.9592; 2.8872
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Department Aveyron
Arrondissement Millau
Canton Saint-Affrique
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Alain Fauconnier (PS)
Area
 • Land1 110.96 km2 (42.84 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 8,112
 • Population2 density 73/km2 (190/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 12208 / 12400
Elevation 279–720 m (915–2,362 ft)
(avg. 330 m or 1,080 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Saint-Affrique (Occitan: Sant Africa) is a commune in the Aveyron department in Southern France.

History[edit]

Saint-Affrique grew in the 6th century around the tomb of St. Africain, bishop of Comminges. In the 12th century a fortress was built on the neighboring rock of Caylus. The possession of Saint-Affrique was vigorously contested during the French Wars of Religion. It was eventually occupied by the Huguenots until 1629, when it was seized and dismantled by a royal army.

Geography[edit]

The Sorgues, a tributary of the Dourdou de Camarès, flows through the commune and crosses the town. The Dourdou de Camarès flows northwestward through the western part of the commune and forms part of its northwestern border.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1793 4,527 —    
1800 5,590 +23.5%
1806 5,348 −4.3%
1821 6,008 +12.3%
1831 6,336 +5.5%
1836 6,421 +1.3%
1841 6,208 −3.3%
1846 6,760 +8.9%
1851 6,618 −2.1%
1856 6,760 +2.1%
1861 6,807 +0.7%
1866 7,046 +3.5%
1872 7,214 +2.4%
1876 7,622 +5.7%
1881 7,598 −0.3%
1886 7,177 −5.5%
1891 7,223 +0.6%
1896 7,026 −2.7%
1901 6,699 −4.7%
1906 6,571 −1.9%
1911 6,495 −1.2%
1921 6,211 −4.4%
1926 6,181 −0.5%
1931 6,592 +6.6%
1936 6,881 +4.4%
1946 7,455 +8.3%
1954 7,236 −2.9%
1962 7,142 −1.3%
1968 7,674 +7.4%
1975 8,223 +7.2%
1982 8,475 +3.1%
1990 7,798 −8.0%
1999 7,507 −3.7%
2008 8,112 +8.1%

Sights[edit]

An old bridge over the Sorgue and some megaliths in the neighborhood, especially, the dolmen of Tiergues, are of antiquarian interest.

Personalities[edit]

Saint-Affrique was the birthplace of :

International relations[edit]

Saint-Affrique prize[edit]

The Grand Prix of Saint-Affrique has been awarded to noted Parisian painters since the second part of the 20th century. It consists of a month-long stay of at the hotel of famous chef François Decucq during which the painters could visit and paint one of the most beautiful county of France. Some prize winners: Daniel du Janerand, Maurice Boitel.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]