Saint-André-sur-Orne

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Saint-André-sur-Orne
Saint André sur Orne 01.jpg
Saint-André-sur-Orne is located in France
Saint-André-sur-Orne
Saint-André-sur-Orne
Coordinates: 49°07′09″N 0°22′55″W / 49.1192°N 0.3819°W / 49.1192; -0.3819Coordinates: 49°07′09″N 0°22′55″W / 49.1192°N 0.3819°W / 49.1192; -0.3819
Country France
Region Lower Normandy
Department Calvados
Arrondissement Caen
Canton Bourguébus
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Christian Delbruel
Area
 • Land1 3.68 km2 (1.42 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 1,947
 • Population2 density 530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 14556 / 14320
Elevation 3–53 m (9.8–173.9 ft)
(avg. 30 m or 98 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Saint-André-sur-Orne (named Saint-André-de-Fontenay until 1911) is a village in the Calvados department in the Basse-Normandie region in northwestern France.

Geography[edit]

Saint-André-sur-Orne is situated on the Orne River, 7 km south of Caen and 35 km south-east of Bayeux.

History[edit]

The village's history is closely linked to the Saint Stephen abbey "Abbaye Saint-Étienne-de-Fontenay" founded on his land of Fontenay by Raoul Tesson around 1047 under the patronage of Duke William of Normandy (before he became King of England following his victory in Hastings in 1066) and which survived until the French Revolution at the end of the 18th century. Most of the abbey was destroyed at the beginning of the 19th century, but there still remains a 13th-century building along the Orne river, and the abbot's more "modern" house (not visited) rebuilt at the beginning of the 18th century.

The village witnessed the expulsion of many schoolchildren from the "Maison du Clos" by the Nazi army during World War II, but the marching children were then rescued by Allied soldiers.[1] The village was finally liberated in July 1944 by Canadian soldiers, many of whom died in this fierce battle, hence the street names of "Royal Black Watch" (the Montreal-based regiment) and the village's main street "Rue des Canadiens". Their bodies are buried in the Bretteville-sur-Laize Canadian War Cemetery in the nearby village of Cintheaux.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1946 442 —    
1962 905 +104.8%
1968 1,044 +15.4%
1975 1,156 +10.7%
1982 1,242 +7.4%
1990 1,310 +5.5%
1999 1,606 +22.6%
2008 1,947 +21.2%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nancy Amis, The Orphans of Normandy, Anthenium Books, New York and London (2003)