Saint-Aubin-sur-Mer, Calvados

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Saint-Aubin-sur-Mer
Saint-aubin-sur-mer-calvados-front-de-mer-le-soir.jpg
Coat of arms of Saint-Aubin-sur-Mer
Coat of arms
Saint-Aubin-sur-Mer is located in France
Saint-Aubin-sur-Mer
Saint-Aubin-sur-Mer
Coordinates: 49°19′45″N 0°23′19″W / 49.3292°N 0.3886°W / 49.3292; -0.3886Coordinates: 49°19′45″N 0°23′19″W / 49.3292°N 0.3886°W / 49.3292; -0.3886
Country France
Region Lower Normandy
Department Calvados
Arrondissement Caen
Canton Douvres-la-Délivrande
Intercommunality Cœur de Nacre
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jean-Alain Tranquart
Area
 • Land1 3.03 km2 (1.17 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 1,942
 • Population2 density 640/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 14562 / 14750
Elevation 2–30 m (6.6–98.4 ft)
(avg. 10 m or 33 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Saint-Aubin-sur-Mer is a commune in the Calvados department in the Basse-Normandie region in northwestern France.

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

Up until July 1851, Saint-Aubin-sur-Mer was part of the commune of Langrune-sur-Mer. Upon its creation in 1851,[1] Saint-Aubin had a population of 1,153 and Langrune 1,129. During the second half of the 19th century, the population of Saint-Aubin declined to the point that in 1901, there were only 727 inhabitants. In July 1876, a train station was opened in Saint-Aubin along the Caen à la mer line, permitting the development of a sea resort. During the 20th century, the population more than doubled.

World War II[edit]

Saint-Aubin-sur-Mer is located at the eastern end of Nan Sector of Juno Beach, one of the landing sites on D-Day, at the beginning of the Battle of Normandy, during World War II. On D-Day the infantry of the North Shore Regiment of New Brunswick landed there, and were backed up by the armour of the Fort Garry Horse (also known as the 10th Armoured Regiment). Le Régiment de la Chaudière of Quebec came ashore in reserve. About 100 defenders garrisoned the town and they were largely unaffected by the preparatory barrage. As such they were able to put up heavy resistance at the beach and in the town as the Canadians pushed inland.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1851 1,153 —    
1856 1,136 −1.5%
1861 1,092 −3.9%
1866 1,051 −3.8%
1872 949 −9.7%
1876 913 −3.8%
1881 873 −4.4%
1886 867 −0.7%
1891 847 −2.3%
1896 736 −13.1%
1901 727 −1.2%
1906 768 +5.6%
1911 790 +2.9%
1921 784 −0.8%
1926 977 +24.6%
1931 1,017 +4.1%
1936 1,010 −0.7%
1946 1,669 +65.2%
1954 1,231 −26.2%
1962 1,006 −18.3%
1968 1,053 +4.7%
1975 1,189 +12.9%
1982 1,446 +21.6%
1990 1,526 +5.5%
1999 1,810 +18.6%
2008 1,942 +7.3%

Literary associations[edit]

Saint-Aubin-sur-Mer is the setting of Robert Browning's poem Red Cotton Night-Cap Country, where it is renamed Saint-Rambert.[2]

Activities[edit]

  • Every summer in the middle of August, Saint-Aubin hosts a week-long festival called La semaine acadienne, composed of concerts by musical groups from Acadia, a Tintamarre, an open-air ball, exhibitions, documentary film showings, etc. The festival also pays tribute to the Acadian soldiers of the North Shore Regiment of New Brunswick who landed on the beach of Saint-Aubin on June 6, 1944.[3][4]

International relations[edit]

The commune is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Collection complète des lois, décrets, ordonnances, règlements et avis du Conseil d'État, 1851, page 282". 
  2. ^ George Willis Cooke A Guidebook to the Poetic and Dramatic Works of Robert Browning (Boston: Houghton, Mifflin, 1891) p. 316
  3. ^ "Semaine Acadienne". 
  4. ^ "Grand tintamarre". Calvados Tourisme. Conseil Général du Calvados. Archived from the original on 11 April 2014. Retrieved 11 April 2014. 

External links[edit]