Saint-Cloud above the Seine
Paris and inner ring départements
|Intercommunality||Cœur de Seine|
|• Mayor (2005–2008)||Éric Berdoati|
|• Land1||7.56 km2 (2.92 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||4,000/km2 (10,000/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||92064 / 92210|
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Saint-Cloud (French pronunciation: [sɛ̃ˈklu]) is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 9.6 km (6.0 mi) from the centre of Paris. Like other communes of the Hauts-de-Seine such as Marnes-la-Coquette, Neuilly-sur-Seine or Vaucresson, Saint-Cloud is one of the wealthiest cities in France, ranked 2nd out of the 36500 in average household income.
The town is named after Clodoald, grandson of Clovis, who is supposed to have sought refuge in a hamlet on the Seine near Paris, then named Novigentum, like many other newly founded mercantile settlements outside the traditional towns. Canonized after his death, the village where his tomb was located took the name of Sanctus Clodoaldus.
A park contains the ruins of the Château de Saint-Cloud, built in 1572 and destroyed by fire in 1870, during the Franco-Prussian War. The château was the residence of several French rulers and served as the main country residence of the cadet Orléans line prior to the French Revolution. The palace was also the site of the coup d'état led by Napoleon Bonaparte that overthrew the French Directory in 1799.
The main landmarks are the park of the demolished Château de Saint-Cloud and the Pavillon de Breteuil. The Saint-Cloud Racecourse, a race track for Thoroughbred flat racing, was built by Edmond Blanc in 1901 and is host to a number of important races including the annual Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud.
Central Saint-Cloud, known as le village, is also served by the metro station 'Boulogne-Pont de Saint-Cloud' (line 10), located across the Seine river on the Boulogne-Billancourt side of the Pont de Saint Cloud.
Saint-Cloud was the birthplace of:
- Philippe II, Duke of Orléans (1674–1723), Regent of France from 1715 to 1723;
- Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans (1676–1744) Regent of Lorraine, sister of the above and paternal grandmother of Marie Antoinette who later bought the Palace at Saint-Cloud;
- Philippe Égalité (1747–1793), a key figure during the early stages of the French Revolution;
- Princess Marie Bonaparte (1882–1962), psychoanalyst, closely linked with Sigmund Freud
- Gilbert Norman (1914–1944), Special Operations Executive member
- Annick Gendron painter
- Jean-Claude Killy (born 1943), alpine skier and a triple Olympic champion
- Gérard Manset (born 1945), known as Manset, rock songwriter
- Hervé Guibert (1955–1991), writer
- Alexandra Fusai (born 1973), former professional tennis player
- Ingmar Lazar (born 1993), classical pianist, prodigy
Saint-Cloud is twinned with:
- - Frascati, Italy
- - Bad Godesberg, Germany
- - Kortrijk, Belgium
- - Windsor and Maidenhead, United Kingdom
- List of French cities by wealth (French)
- J. Paul Getty Museum. "Saint-Cloud Porcelain Manufactory". Retrieved 2008-01-13.
- "British towns twinned with French towns [via WaybackMachine.com]". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-20.
- Media related to Saint-Cloud at Wikimedia Commons
- "St Cloud, a town of northern France". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911.