Saint-Esprit, Quebec

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Saint-Esprit
Municipality
Saint-Esprit.jpg
Location within Montcalm RCM.
Location within Montcalm RCM.
Saint-Esprit is located in Central Quebec
Saint-Esprit
Saint-Esprit
Location in central Quebec.
Coordinates: 45°54′N 73°40′W / 45.900°N 73.667°W / 45.900; -73.667Coordinates: 45°54′N 73°40′W / 45.900°N 73.667°W / 45.900; -73.667[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Lanaudière
RCM Montcalm
Settled 1790s
Constituted July 1, 1855
Government[2]
 • Mayor Michel Brisson
 • Federal riding Montcalm
 • Prov. riding Rousseau
Area[2][3]
 • Total 54.70 km2 (21.12 sq mi)
 • Land 53.98 km2 (20.84 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 1,963
 • Density 36.4/km2 (94/sq mi)
 • Pop (2006–11) Increase 5.1%
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) J0K 2L0
Area code(s) 450 and 579
Highways[4]
A-25
Route 125
Route 158
Route 341
Website www.municipalite-saint-esprit.com

Saint-Esprit (French for "Holy Spirit") is a municipality in the Lanaudière region of Quebec, Canada, part of the Montcalm Regional County Municipality. It is located on both banks of the Saint-Esprit River, a tributary of the L'Assomption River.

History[edit]

The area's first settlers arrived at the end of 18th century and were mostly from L'Ange-Gardien, Beauport, and Saint-Sulpice. Originally, the area was identified as the Rivière-Saint-Esprit or Grand-Saint-Esprit Concession. In 1808, the Parish of Saint-Ours-du-Saint-Esprit was founded, however after 1838, the parish name was shortened to just Saint-Esprit to avoid confusion with another parish called Saint-Ours in the Diocese of Montreal.[5]

In 1852, its post office opened and in 1855, the Parish Municipality of Saint-Ours-du-Saint-Esprit was formed. A century later in 1956, it followed the parish by also shortening its name to Saint-Esprit. In 2000, the parish municipality changed its status and became the Municipality of Saint-Esprit.[5]

Economy[edit]

Because Saint-Esprit is surrounded by extensive plains, the local economy is characterized by agriculture. The main agricultural activities include tobacco and Sugar Maple cultivation, milk production, and breeding of lamb, pork and poultry.[5][6]

Saint-Esprit also has an industrial park along Highway 25.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Population trend:[7]

  • Population in 2011: 1963 (2006 to 2011 population change: 5.1%)
  • Population in 2006: 1868
  • Population in 2001: 1850
  • Population in 1996: 1908
  • Population in 1991: 1845

Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 830 (total dwellings: 852)

Mother tongue:

  • English as first language: 0.8%
  • French as first language: 97.3%
  • English and French as first language: 0%
  • Other as first language: 1.9%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reference number 363764 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (French)
  2. ^ a b Geographic code 63030 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (French)
  3. ^ a b Statistics Canada 2011 Census - Saint-Esprit census profile
  4. ^ Official Transport Quebec Road Map
  5. ^ a b c "Saint-Esprit (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2009-09-25. 
  6. ^ a b "La municipalité de Saint-Esprit" (in French). Centre local de développement Montcalm. Retrieved 2009-09-28. 
  7. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census