Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site

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Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site
Saint-Gaudens-NHS.jpg
Statues on exhibit
Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site is located in New Hampshire
Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site
Location Cornish, New Hampshire
Coordinates 43°30′3″N 72°22′5″W / 43.50083°N 72.36806°W / 43.50083; -72.36806Coordinates: 43°30′3″N 72°22′5″W / 43.50083°N 72.36806°W / 43.50083; -72.36806
Area 370 acres (150 ha)
175 acres (71 ha) federal[1]
Built 1885
Architect McKim, Mead & White
Visitation 26,943 (2005)
Governing body National Park Service
NRHP Reference # 66000120 (original)
13000802 (increase)
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966[2]
Boundary increase October 2, 2013
Designated NHS August 31, 1964
Designated NHL June 13, 1962[3]

Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site in Cornish, New Hampshire, preserves the home, gardens, and studios of Augustus Saint-Gaudens (1848–1907), one of America's foremost sculptors. This was his summer residence from 1885 to 1897, his permanent home from 1900 until his death in 1907, and the center of the Cornish Art Colony. There are two hiking trails that explore the park's natural areas. Original sculptures are on exhibit. It is located on Saint-Gaudens Road in Cornish, 0.5 miles (0.80 km) off New Hampshire Route 12A.

The National Historic Site was authorized by Congress on August 31, 1964, and established on May 30, 1977. Besides a portion of the Appalachian National Scenic Trail, this is the only National Park Service (NPS) site in New Hampshire. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1962 and administratively listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966.[3] The NPS later acquired two adjacent properties associated with Saint-Gaudens and the Cornish Art Colony, which were formally incorporated in the National Historic Site in 2000.[4]

Augustus Saint-Gaudens purchased the property he called "Aspet" in 1885 at the urging of Charles Cotesworth Beaman, Jr., a friend and New York City lawyer, who had purchased the nearby Blow-Me-Down Farm (now also part of the historic site) and established it as a summer residence. Saint-Gaudens established a studio, and produced work here every summer, and lived here year-round from 1900 until his death in 1907. Beaman's summer estate was a center of activity of the Cornish Art Colony. After the death of Saint-Gaudens' wife, Aspet was transferred to a non-profit organization, and was later acquired by the National Park Service.[4]

The centerpieces of Aspet are its main house, built 1816-17 with Federal styling, which underwent a series of alterations by Saint-Gaudens, with design work by George Fletcher Babb, and the Little Studio, also designed by Babb and built in 1903-04 to replace earlier studios. The grounds are landscaped with hedges and terraced gardens, in which reproductions of works by Saint-Gaudens are displayed. The gardens were designed by Saint-Gaudens and landscape architect Ellen Shipman. The grounds also include an outdoor room, the Pan Grove, a collaborative design of Babb and Saint-Gaudens, featuring an 8-foot by 4-foot green marble pool set in a birch grove with a statue of the Greek god Pan.[4]

American sculptor Lawrence Nowlan was an artist-in-residence at Saint-Gaudens for five summers from 1995 to 1997 and again from 2001 to 2002.[5][6] He received his first major commission to design the Wildland Firefighters National Monument while working and studying at Saint-Gaudens.[5][6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nature & Science". National Park Service: Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site. Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  2. ^ "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved August 7, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "Augustus Saint-Gaudens Memorial". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-10-22. 
  4. ^ a b c "NRHP nomination for Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site (2013 increase)". National Park Service. Retrieved 2014-07-14. 
  5. ^ a b "Sculptor commissioned to complete Joe Frazier statue has died". Barre Montpelier Times Argus. 2013-08-02. Retrieved 2013-08-27. 
  6. ^ a b Hanson, Alex (2013-08-01). "Death of Sculptor Larry Nowlan of Windsor Called a ‘Big, Big Loss’". Valley News. Retrieved 2013-09-01. 

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