Saint-Gengoux-le-National

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Saint-Gengoux-le-National
StGengoux1.JPG
Coat of arms of Saint-Gengoux-le-National
Coat of arms
Saint-Gengoux-le-National is located in France
Saint-Gengoux-le-National
Saint-Gengoux-le-National
Coordinates: 46°36′53″N 4°39′49″E / 46.6147°N 4.6636°E / 46.6147; 4.6636Coordinates: 46°36′53″N 4°39′49″E / 46.6147°N 4.6636°E / 46.6147; 4.6636
Country France
Region Burgundy
Department Saône-et-Loire
Arrondissement Mâcon
Canton Saint-Gengoux-le-National
Intercommunality Entre Grosne et Guye
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Joêl Pierre
Area
 • Land1 9.36 km2 (3.61 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Population2 1,085
 • Population2 density 120/km2 (300/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 71417 / 71460
Elevation 193–390 m (633–1,280 ft)
(avg. 232 m or 761 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Saint-Gengoux-le-National is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in the region of Bourgogne in eastern France.

It was formerly known as Saint-Gengoux-le-Royal.

History[edit]

Church in Saint-Gengoux-le-National
Historic house in Saint-Gengoux-le-National

In the 10th century, the church of Saint-Gengoux was given to the abbey of Cluny. In the 12th century, the abbot of Cluny requested king Louis VII install a lord of the manor with Saint-Gengoux in order to ensure the safety of the city.

At the revolution, Saint-Gengoux-le-Royal took the name of Saint-Gengoux-le-National. It reverted to Saint-Gengoux-le-Royal is 1834, Saint-Gengoux-le-National in 1848, Saint-Gengoux-le-Royal in 1852 before finally settling on Saint-Gengoux-le-National in 1881.

Geography[edit]

The river Grosne forms part of the commune's south-eastern border.

Notable buildings[edit]

The church was built in 1120 by the Benedictines of Cluny. It measures 41 m in length and 16 m wide. It was plundered several times and has been heavily restored. The most recent enhancement has been the replacement of the metal bridge between the towers with a wooden one, more in keeping with the Burgundian style. In 1802, three vaults contiguous to the church were destroyed to build a corn exchange on their site.

There are many historic properties from the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.

Transport[edit]

The railway station buildings in Saint-Gengoux-le-National

The railway station at Saint-Gengoux-le-National was opened in 1880 on the Chalon-sur-Saône to Mâcon railway line.

After the closure of the railway, in 1996 the 44 km of trackbed from Givry to Cluny has been paved and converted into a cycle route known as the Voie Verte. There are several locations along the route where cycles may be hired, including the station at Saint-Gengoux-le-National.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Histoire de Saint Gengoux le Royale, Marie de Saint Gengoux le National, 2005.

External links[edit]

Media related to Saint-Gengoux-le-National at Wikimedia Commons