Saint-Henri, Montreal

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For the former electoral district, see St. Henri (electoral district). For the municipality, see Saint-Henri, Chaudière-Appalaches, Quebec.
Saint-Henri
Neighbourhood
Art deco 23 fire hall, Saint-Henri
Art deco 23 fire hall, Saint-Henri
Saint-Henri is located in Montreal
Saint-Henri
Saint-Henri
Location of Saint-Henri in Montreal
Coordinates: 45°28′38″N 73°35′11″W / 45.47716°N 73.58651°W / 45.47716; -73.58651
Country Canada
Province Quebec
Borough Le Sud-Ouest
Established 1685
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 15,800

Saint-Henri is a neighbourhood in southwestern Montreal, Quebec, Canada, in the borough of Le Sud-Ouest.

Saint-Henri is usually considered to be bounded to the east by Atwater Avenue, to the west by Autoroute 15, to the north by Autoroute 720, and to the south by the Lachine Canal.

Description[edit]

Saint-Henri is well known as a historically French-Canadian, Irish and black working class neighbourhood.Often contrasted with wealthy Westmount looking down over the Falaise Saint-Jacques, in recent years it has been strongly affected by gentrification. It is also said that A. Armstrong used to live there.

The area, historically known as Les Tanneries because of the artisans shops where leather tanning took place, was named for St. Henry via the Église Saint-Henri, which at one time formed Place Saint-Henri along with the community's fire and police station. Nearby, the bustle of a passenger rail station was immortalized in the song "Place St. Henri."

Saint-Henri is part of the municipal district of Saint-Henri–Petite-Bourgogne–Pointe-Saint-Charles. The borough hall for Le Sud-Ouest is located in Saint-Henri, in a converted factory, bearing witness to the borough's industrial heritage.

History[edit]

Saint-Henri's Les Tanneries, 1859.

Église Saint-Henri was so named to commemorate Fr. Henri-Auguste Roux (1798–1831), the superior of Saint-Sulpice Seminary. The municipality of Saint-Henri was formed in 1875, joining the village of Saint-Henri and the surrounding settlements of Turcot, Brodie, Saint-Agustin and Sainte-Marguerite into one administrative unit.[2] The municipality was incorporated into the City of Montreal in 1905.[2]

Well-known people from Saint-Henri include strongman Louis Cyr, who served as a police officer there; the Place des Hommes-Forts and the Parc Louis-Cyr are named for him. Celebrated jazz pianist Oscar Peterson grew up in Little Burgundy which is the neighborhood adjacent to Saint-Henri. Stand-up comedian Yvon Deschamps has treated the daily struggle of Saint-Henri's citizens with humorous melancholy.

Saint Henri and Little Burgundy are considered to have a fairly common social makeup. Historically, Saint-Henri was occupied predominantly by European blue collar workers while Little Burgundy was occupied primarily by African-Canadians who worked on the railroads. Today, a multi-ethnic collage of people of varied social classes live in both neighbourhoods, especially in the recent housing developments that have sprouted along the Lachine Canal. A great number of teenagers from neighboring districts attend Polyvalente Saint-Henri and James Lyng High School (English Montreal School Board).

Many of the district's notable Art deco buildings, including Atwater Market and the historic No. 23 fire hall, were designed by Ludger Lemieux.[3][4][5]

The neighbourhood is served by the Lionel-Groulx and Place-Saint-Henri metro stations.

Depictions in literature and film[edit]

Gabrielle Roy in 1945 with boys from Saint-Henri, the working-class neighbourhood of Montreal where The Tin Flute takes place.
Place Saint-Henri

The district's working-class character was most memorably recorded by Gabrielle Roy in her novel The Tin Flute (Bonheur d'occasion).

Saint-Henri has been the subject of two National Film Board of Canada (NFB) documentaries, each capturing one day in the life of the district. In 1962, Hubert Aquin directed À St-Henri le cinq septembre (September Five at Saint-Henri). In 2010, director Shannon Walsh and producer Sarah Spring oversaw a crew of sixteen videographers as they followed area residents during the course of one summer's day to make À St-Henri le 26 août, an NFB/Parabola Films co-production inspired by Aquin's cinéma-vérité classic.[6]

Notable people from Saint-Henri[edit]

  • Pat Burns - former police officer, NHL head coach and TV hockey broadcaster
  • Yvon Deschamps - author, actor, comedian and producer
  • Louis Cyr - strongman who served as a police officer in Saint-Henri, commemorated with a park, a square, and a statue

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2011 Canadian census tracts 4620079 - 4620084
  2. ^ a b Industrial Architecture of Montreal: Saint-Henri
  3. ^ "Saint-Henri Fire Station". Images Montreal. Retrieved 2009-11-16. 
  4. ^ "Montreal Insites". Heritage Montreal. Retrieved 2009-11-15. 
  5. ^ "Trois architectes, trois quartiers : Ludger Lemieux (St. Henri), Ernest Cormier (Cité universitaire), Ernest Isbell Barott (St. Antoine)". Montreal: Canadian Centre for Architecture. Retrieved 2009-11-16. 
  6. ^ Fraser, Malcolm (19 May 2011). "St-Henri revisited". Montreal Mirror. Retrieved 21 May 2011. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°28′38″N 73°35′11″W / 45.47716°N 73.58651°W / 45.47716; -73.58651