Saint-Jean-de-l'Île-d'Orléans

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Saint-Jean-de-l'Île-d'Orléans
Municipality
SJ 0522.pp.JPG
Location within L'Île-d'Orléans RCM.
Location within L'Île-d'Orléans RCM.
Saint-Jean-de-l'Île-d'Orléans is located in Central Quebec
Saint-Jean-de-l'Île-d'Orléans
Saint-Jean-de-l'Île-d'Orléans
Location in central Quebec.
Coordinates: 46°55′N 70°54′W / 46.917°N 70.900°W / 46.917; -70.900Coordinates: 46°55′N 70°54′W / 46.917°N 70.900°W / 46.917; -70.900[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Capitale-Nationale
RCM L'Île-d'Orléans
Constituted July 1, 1855
Government[2]
 • Mayor Jean-Claude Pouliot
 • Federal riding Montmorency—Charlevoix—
Haute-Côte-Nord
 • Prov. riding Charlevoix–Côte-de-Beaupré
Area[2][3]
 • Total 43.50 km2 (16.80 sq mi)
 • Land 43.49 km2 (16.79 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 923
 • Density 21.2/km2 (55/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Decrease 4.6%
 • Dwellings 690
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) G0A 3W0
Area code(s) 418 and 581
Highways Route 368
Website www.municipalite.
saintjeaniledorleans.ca

Saint-Jean-de-l'Île-d'Orléans is a municipality in the Capitale-Nationale region of Quebec, Canada, part of the L'Île-d'Orléans Regional County Municipality. It is situated on the south-east side of Orléans Island.

Prior to April 5, 2003, it was known simply as Saint-Jean.[4]

History[edit]

The area was first colonized early in the 17th century. In 1680, a mission was founded and served by the priest of Sainte-Famille. In 1714, the Parish of Saint-Jean-Baptiste was formed and became a civil parish in 1722. It is believed that this name commemorates Jean de Lauson, Seneschal in New France and son of Governor Lauson, born circa 1620 and killed at the mouth of the Maheu River in 1661 by the Iroquois. Nevertheless, it could also be attributed to John the Baptist in line with the many other religious toponyms on the island.[1]

Although having a well-established agricultural history, Saint-Jean's location on the Saint Lawrence River prompted also development of maritime and fishing trades. It was especially known for its river pilots who would guide vessels through the treacherous Saint Lawrence navigation channel. Over the centuries, a great number of river pilots came from Saint-Jean.[5]

In 1845 the Municipality of Saint-Jean was formed, but abolished in 1847 when it became part of the County Municipality. In 1852, its post office opened. In 1855, it was reestablised as the Parish Municipality of Saint-Jean-Baptiste. In 2003, it changed statutes and its name, becoming the Municipality of Saint-Jean-de-l'Île-d'Orléans.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Historical Census Data - Saint-Jean-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Quebec[8]
Year Pop.   ±%  
1991 832 —    
1996 847 +1.8%
Year Pop.   ±%  
2001 862 +1.8%
2006 968 +12.3%
Year Pop.   ±%  
2011 923 −4.6%

Language[edit]

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Saint-Jean-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Quebec[8]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
915
905 Decrease 1.1% 98.91% 5 Increase n/a% 0.55% 0 Decrease 100.0% 0.00% 5 Decrease 50.0% 0.55%
2006
965
915 Increase 6.4% 94.82% 0 Steady 0.0% 0.00% 40 Increase n/a% 4.14% 10 Increase n/a% 1.04%
2001
860
860 Increase 6.8% 100.00% 0 Steady 0.0% 0.00% 0 Steady 0.0% 0.00% 0 Steady 0.0% 0.00%
1996
835
805 n/a 96.41% 10 n/a 1.20% 0 n/a 0.00% 20 n/a 2.39%

Tourism and attractions[edit]

The church of Saint-Jean-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, built in 1734, and listed as a historic building.

Like the neighbouring municipalities, Saint-Jean has a rich cultural heritage with many historic buildings. Just past the heart of the village, there is a long line of quaint houses (formerly belonging to river pilots), art galleries, and artists' studios. Of particular interest is the Mauvide-Genest Manor, a rare and exceptional example of French seigneurial past and one of the oldest remaining manor houses in Quebec. This National Historic Site was built in 1734 and restored in 1999, and is now open to the public as a historic interpretation centre.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Saint-Jean-de-l'Île-d'Orléans (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2009-10-26. 
  2. ^ a b Geographic code 20015 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (French)
  3. ^ a b c Statistics Canada 2011 Census - Saint-Jean-de-l'Île-d'Orléans census profile
  4. ^ http://www.stat.gouv.qc.ca/publications/referenc/pdf/Modavr03.pdf
  5. ^ a b "Sainte-Jean-de-l'Île-d'Orléans". Île d'Orléans Tourism. Retrieved 2009-10-26. 
  6. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-04-18. 
  7. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2014-04-18. 
  8. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census

External links[edit]