Saint-Pierre-de-l'Île-d'Orléans

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Saint-Pierre-de-l'Île-d'Orléans
Municipality
St-Pierre-Ile-Orleans QC.JPG
Location within L'Île-d'Orléans RCM.
Location within L'Île-d'Orléans RCM.
Saint-Pierre-de-l'Île-d'Orléans is located in Central Quebec
Saint-Pierre-de-l'Île-d'Orléans
Saint-Pierre-de-l'Île-d'Orléans
Location in central Quebec.
Coordinates: 46°53′N 71°04′W / 46.883°N 71.067°W / 46.883; -71.067Coordinates: 46°53′N 71°04′W / 46.883°N 71.067°W / 46.883; -71.067[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Capitale-Nationale
RCM L'Île-d'Orléans
Settled c. 1660
Constituted July 1, 1855
Government[2]
 • Mayor Jacques Trudel
 • Federal riding Montmorency—Charlevoix
—Haute-Côte-Nord
 • Prov. riding Charlevoix–Côte-de-Beaupré
Area[2][3]
 • Total 32.20 km2 (12.43 sq mi)
 • Land 31.34 km2 (12.10 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 1,789
 • Density 57.1/km2 (148/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Decrease 1.5%
 • Dwellings 748
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) G0A 4E0
Area code(s) 418 and 581
Highways Route 368

Saint-Pierre-de-l'Île-d'Orléans is a municipality in the Capitale-Nationale region of Quebec, Canada, part of the L'Île-d'Orléans Regional County Municipality. It is situated on the west side of Orléans Island, and accessible by Quebec Route 368 and the Île d'Orléans Bridge which connects Saint-Pierre with the Beauport borough of Quebec City. Until 1997, it was known simply as Saint-Pierre.

The Quebec poet and songwriter Félix Leclerc (1914-1988) is buried in this town, having lived there from 1958 to his death.

History[edit]

Église St-Pierre

The first European settlers came to the area around 1660. They constructed the first chapel in 1662 and by 1679 the Parish of Saint-Pierre-et-Saint-Paul was formed which at that time also included the territory of Sainte-Pétronille. Between 1716 and 1718, one of the oldest churches in Quebec was built (since 1954 classified as a historic monument and occasionally used as a concert hall). In 1722, the civil parish was established. For 54 years from 1734 to 1788, the first bishop of Quebec born in Canada, Louis-Philippe Mariauchau d'Esgly (1710-1788), served there as the resident priest.[1]

In 1845, the Parish Municipality was formed under the name of Saint-Pierre-Isle-d'Orléans, probably in honour of Apostle Peter. It was abolished two years later in 1847 when it became part of the County Municipality, but restored again in 1855 as Saint-Pierre-et-Saint-Paul.[1] In 1874, it lost a portion of its territory when Sainte-Pétronille separated and became a municipality.[4] Over time, only the "Saint-Pierre" part of the name was retained.

In 1935, the Île d'Orléans Bridge was built, leading to a steady increase of residential development and making Saint-Pierre now the most populated municipality on the island. In 1997, the Parish Municipality of Saint-Pierre was renamed to Saint-Pierre-de-l'Île-d'Orléans to better distinguish the town from other namesake municipalities.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Historical Census Data - Saint-Pierre-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Quebec[7]
Year Pop.   ±%  
1991 1,992 —    
1996 1,982 −0.5%
Year Pop.   ±%  
2001 1,891 −4.6%
2006 1,816 −4.0%
Year Pop.   ±%  
2011 1,789 −1.5%

Language[edit]

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Saint-Pierre-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Quebec[7]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
1,730
1,710 Increase 0.9% 98.84% 15 Increase 50.0% 0.87% 5 Decrease 50.0% 0.29% 0 Decrease 100.0% 0.00%
2006
1,760
1,695 Decrease 6.4% 96.31% 10 Increase n/a% 0.57% 10 Decrease 33.3% 0.57% 45 Increase 350.0% 2.56%
2001
1,835
1,810 Decrease 5.7% 98.64% 0 Steady 0.0% 0.00% 15 Increase n/a% 0.82% 10 Steady 0.0% 0.54%
1996
1,930
1,920 n/a 99.48% 0 n/a 0.00% 0 n/a 0.00% 10 n/a 0.52%

Tourism and attractions[edit]

Île d'Orléans pastoral character is well preserved in Saint-Pierre.

Orleans Island, known as the "Garden of Quebec", attracts many vacationers and daytrippers with its pastoral character and cultural heritage. Since they enter the island through Saint-Pierre, it is home to many businesses catering to tourism, such as bed-and-breakfast accommodations, restaurants, art galleries, and sugar houses.[8]

Local attractions include:

  • Espace Félix-Leclerc - a museum and art gallery in a historic building dedicated to the works of poet and songwriter Félix Leclerc, as well as showcasing other Quebec folk singers
  • Wineries and vineyards - offering tours and tasting local wines

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Saint-Pierre-de-l'Île-d'Orléans (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2009-10-23. 
  2. ^ a b Geographic code 20025 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (French)
  3. ^ a b c Statistics Canada 2011 Census - Saint-Pierre-de-l'Île-d'Orléans census profile
  4. ^ "Sainte-Pétronille (Municipalité de village)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2009-10-20. 
  5. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-04-18. 
  6. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2014-04-18. 
  7. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  8. ^ "Welcome to Île d'Orléans". Île d'Orléans Tourism. Retrieved 2009-10-23. 

External links[edit]