Saint-Vaast-la-Hougue

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Saint-Vaast-la-Hougue
Saint-Vaast-la-Hougue port plaisance Wikimedia Commons.jpg
Saint-Vaast-la-Hougue is located in France
Saint-Vaast-la-Hougue
Saint-Vaast-la-Hougue
Coordinates: 49°35′19″N 1°15′58″W / 49.5886°N 1.2661°W / 49.5886; -1.2661Coordinates: 49°35′19″N 1°15′58″W / 49.5886°N 1.2661°W / 49.5886; -1.2661
Country France
Region Lower Normandy
Department Manche
Arrondissement Cherbourg
Canton Quettehou
Intercommunality Val de Saire
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jean Lepetit
Area
 • Land1 6.28 km2 (2.42 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Population2 2,083
 • Population2 density 330/km2 (860/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 50562 / 50550

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Saint-Vaast-la-Hougue is a commune in the Manche department in Normandy in north-western France.

Geography[edit]

Saint-Vaast-la-Hougue is situated in the Manche département, in the Basse-Normandie région. It is in the Quettehou canton, of the Cherbourg arrondissement. The town had a population of 2,097 in 1999. The island of Tatihou forms part of the Saint-Vaast-la-Hougue commune.[1]

History[edit]

Saint-Vaast-la-Hougue is located in Normandy and was a part of the Duchy of Normandy. Hougue is a Jèrriais/Norman language word meaning a "mound" and comes from the Old Norse word haugr.[2][3]

When Edward III landed 12,000 men in France on 12 July 1346 and proceeded toward what would become the battle of Crecy, it was on the sandy stretch that lies between La Hougue and St Vaast.[4]

The naval Battle of La Hougue took place off the town in 1692. On 3 June 1692 during a heated battle with the Anglo-Dutch fleet, twelve French ships were sunk in the vicinity of the Island of Tatihou, just off the coast of Saint-Vaast-la-Hougue. It was the decisive naval battle of the Nine Years' War, also known as the War of the English Succession.

Following the French defeat, two fortified towers were built from 1694 onwards on the mound at La Hougue and Tatihou Island by a student of Vauban, Benjamin de Combes, in order to defend the bay.

The harbor was developed during the course of the 19th century. The jetty was built between 1828 and 1845, followed by the quayside from 1846 to 1852. Later on, breakwaters were added around the harbor. In 1982, the port was closed off with two large hydraulic gates which keep the water level constant at low tide. This allowed the construction of a large marina which can accommodate 704 yachts, including 100 moorings for visitors. Nowadays, the post is shared by fishing boats and yachts.

Saint-Vaast-la-Hougue was the first harbor to be freed by Allied Forces during WWII, in 1944.

Culture[edit]

Saint-Vaast-la-Hougue organize a regular Book Festival, "Ancres & Encres". Jean Raspail and Jean-Pierre Thiollet may be mentioned among the authors invited in the last ten years.[5]

Twin towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Fort de La Hougue