St. Albans (town), Vermont
On October 19, 1864, St. Albans was the site of the St. Albans Raid, the northernmost Confederate land action of the American Civil War, which was basically, an enemy cavalry raid and bank robbery across the border from Quebec, Canada. The town of St. Albans and the city of St. Albans were separated in 1902. References to "St. Albans" prior to this date generally refer to the town center, which now belongs to the city. The town was incorporated in 1859, and the city in 1902.
Henri Le Caron, who, while acting as a secret agent of the British government, held the position of "Inspector-General of the Irish Republican Army," asserts that he distributed fifteen thousand stands of arms and almost three million rounds of ammunition in the care of the many trusted men stationed between New York and St. Albans, in preparation for the unsuccessful Fenian raid on Canada which took place in April 1870. United States General George Meade, forewarned, captured much of these munitions as they arrived.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 60.6 square miles (156.8 km2), of which 37.6 square miles (97.3 km2) is land and 23.0 square miles (59.6 km2) (37.98%) is water.
At the 2000 census, there were 5,086 people, 1,836 households and 1,404 families residing in the town. The population density was 135.4 per square mile (52.3/km2). There were 2,257 housing units at an average density of 60.1 per square mile (23.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.95% White, 0.39% Black or African American, 0.75% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.16% from other races, and 1.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.67% of the population.
There were 1,836 households of which 38.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.6% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.5% were non-families. 18.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.01.
Age distribution was 27.0% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males.
The median household income was $46,875, and the median family income was $53,147. Males had a median income of $34,698 versus $26,000 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,604. About 7.4% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.1% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.
Arts and culture
Annual cultural events
Located on the shore of Lake Champlain. Every July 4th, they celebrate the Bay Day event, which includes a triathlon and a fireworks show on the bay.
The town is served by a U.S. highway.
- Bradley Barlow, US congressman, industrialist
- William Beaumont, surgeon in the U.S. Army
- Paul Blackburn, poet
- Lawrence Brainerd, US senator
- Richard M. Brewer, assumed leader of Billy the Kid's band
- Michael J. Colburn, director of the United States Marine Band
- Abbott Lowell Cummings, architectural historian and genealogist
- Sile Doty, infamous thief, counterfeiter, and criminal gang leader
- John LeClair, professional ice hockey player, left wing for the Montreal Canadiens, Philadelphia Flyers, and Pittsburgh Penguins
- William L. Manly, pioneer author, wrote "Death Valley in '49"
- John Gregory Smith, 28th governor of Vermont
- William Farrar Smith, Union general during the American Civil War
- Benjamin Swift, US senator
The lake monster "Champ" was allegedly sighted and photographed near there also. The creature in Lake Champlain was ostensibly given in 1609 by French explorer Samuel de Champlain, the founder of Quebec City and the lake's namesake, who is supposed to have been the first white man to record spotting "Champ" as he was fighting the Iroquois on the bank of the lake. However, in actuality no such sighting was recorded, and it has since been traced back to a 1970 article.
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- Buescher, John. "What Happened to the Fenians After 1866?" Teachinghistory.org, accessed 8 October 2011
- Tom Huntington: Searching for George Gordon Meade: The Forgotten Victor of Gettysburg. Stackpole Books, 2013.
- "The History of the Railroad in Vermont". Brownington, Vermont: Northeast Kingdom Civil War Roundtable Newslatter. June 2009. p. 2.
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- Sunstone Press (2007). Violence in Lincoln County, 1869-1881. Sunstone Press. p. 134.
- ""The President’s Own" United States Marine Band". The United States Marine Corps. Retrieved May 2, 2014.
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- "Smith Family Papers". The University of Vermont Libraries. Retrieved May 2, 2014.
- "William Farrar Smith Major General, United States Army". Arlington National Cemetery. Retrieved May 2, 2014.
- "SWIFT, Benjamin, (1781 - 1847)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014.
- "Canada's Lake Creature: Champ". Welcome to Ogopogo Country. Centre culturel Marie-Anne-Gaboury. 2001. Retrieved 25 October 2009.
- Joe, Nickell (July–August 2003). "Legend of the Lake Champlain Monster". Skeptical Inquirer. CSI. Retrieved 2010-04-03.
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