Saint Andrew Parish, Jamaica

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Saint Andrew
Saint Andrew in Jamaica.svg
Location latitude 18°05' N
longitude 76°79'W
Capital Half Way Tree
Other towns Stony Hill, Golden Spring, Constant Spring, Lawrence Tavern, August Town, Gordon Town, Irish Town, Mavis Bank, Bull Bay
Bordering Parishes Kingston, Saint Thomas, Portland, Saint Mary, Saint Catherine
County Surrey
Area 455 km².
Rank Jamaica's third smallest parish
Population 541,000
Commerce Retail, Recording, Manufacturing, Financial Services, Mining, Coffee
Saint Andrew Parish
The Clock in Saint Andrew Parish

Saint Andrew (capital: Half Way Tree) is a parish, situated in the southeast of Jamaica in the county of Surrey. It lies north, west and east of Kingston, and stretches into the Blue Mountains and at the 2001 census had the highest population of all the parishes in Jamaica. The Right Excellent George William Gordon (d. 1865), one of Jamaica's seven National Heroes, was born in this parish.

Within its borders are many places of attractions, historical sites, famous residents and the country's financial capital.

Music flows in this parish with many areas giving birth to musicians and the popular types of Jamaican music. The Studio One studio founded by Clement "Coxsone" Dodd is another Saint Andrew creation. Mavado, Sean Paul, Buju Banton, Elephant Man, The Mighty Diamonds, Monty Alexander, Beres Hammond, Lady Saw, Sugar Minott, Bounty Killer, Mr. Vegas, Richie Spice are some of the parish's current residents The area of Trench Town was made famous because of its rise of people like The Wailers (Bunny Wailer, Peter Tosh and Bob Marley), and Toots Hibbert who gave credence to the birth of reggae music. Waterhouse, another area that has a who's who of musical residence; from Keith Hudson, King Tubby's, U Roy, Sir Jammy's, Black Uhuru, Dennis "Senitor" Allen, Early B. Super Cat, Ninja Man, Shabba, and Beenie Man; also the home of Olympic gold medalist, Shelly-Ann Fraser.

Devon House, built in 1881, was the residence built by Jamaica's first black millionaire, George Stiebel. He gained his wealth in Venezuela and returned to Jamaica to become the Custos of Saint Andrew. His residence is restored and open to the public for tours and special events and houses the famous Devon House ice cream shop.

The Hope Estate (17th century) now provides the land space for Hope Garden (Royal Botanical Gardens), one of the oldest in the Western Hemisphere, and the University of the West Indies with part of its aqueduct still intact. Vale Royal, the residence of the Prime Minister and King's House the Governor General's residence are all historic buildings.[1] The area of Norbrook was once the plantation of George Willian Gordon. The Bob Marley Museum on Hope Road was once owned by Chris Blackwell and is now open for guided tours.

Geography[edit]

St. Andrew was one of the first parishes to be established by law in 1867. Before being established, it was known as 'Liguanea'.

St Andrew is located at 18°01′N 76°54′W / 18.017°N 76.900°W / 18.017; -76.900Coordinates: 18°01′N 76°54′W / 18.017°N 76.900°W / 18.017; -76.900 and covers an area of 455 km2 (176 sq mi). The parish lies just north of Kingston, bounded in the west by St. Catherine, north by St. Mary, northeast by Portland along the Blue Mountain range, and east by St. Thomas. In 1923, the parishes of St Andrew and Kingston were administratively merged to form the Kingston and St Andrew Corporation (KSAC), with a single elected council and a mayor. Parts of the geographic area of Saint Andrew is often referred to as the "Corporate Area, town, Kingston Metropolition area, uptown Kingston, Kingston 2-20". The current mayor of KSAC is Angela Brown-Burke.[2]

Cross Roads, New Kingston, Half-Way-Tree, Matilda's Corner, and Constant Spring are important commercial centres in St. Andrew, but may be regarded as suburbs of Kingston. Coronation Market bordering both Saint Andrew and Kingston, is one of the largest, if not the largest outdoor market in this part of the island provides a venue for farmers throughout Jamaica. West St. Andrew, however, is a populous residential area. Total population of the parish is an estimated 540,715.

People related to Saint Andrew Parish[edit]

Economy[edit]

Much of the parish is given over to agriculture. Its principal products include coffee, mangoes, cocoa, peas, beans, sugarcane, cattle, dairy goods, cigar and cigarette, vegetables and ground provisions. To encourage the movement of industrial plants from the business areas of Kingston, and to facilitate the establishment of new industries with local and overseas capital, the government has established an industrial estate in St. Andrew, bordering on Western Kingston. This industrial estate is over 1.2 km² (300 acres) in size.

Tourism plays a major part in the economy of the parish. The major hotels in this southeastern part of the country can be found on Knutsford Boulevard, also known as The Strip. The area of New Kingston is seen as the financial capital of the island, with its large headquarters for banks and investment companies. The commercial areas, with their many malls, plazas and stores, provide employment for many in the urban area of the parish. Gypsum is found in large quantities, in eastern St. Andrew, the largest deposits being in the area of Bull Bay, a mile and a half of the coast.

At the south of Papine, several miles northeast of Kingston is the University of the West Indies, occupying 2.6 km² (1 mile²) of the Liguanea Plain at the foot of Long Mountain. The University of Technology, Jamaica, formerly the College of Arts, Science and Technology, is located nearby. So too is the United Theological College of the West Indies. The Edna Manley School for the Visual Arts is also located in Saint Andrew, not far from the National Stadium.

The parish of Saint Andrew also has some of the top high schools on the island. Campion College, Jamaica College, Calabar High School, Ardenne High School, Immaculate Conception High School, Saint Andrew High School for Girls, Holy Childhood High School for Girls, Meadowbrook High School, St. George's College, Saint Hugh's School, Excelsior High School, and a campus of Kingston College, in Rollington Town, are some of those schools.

Saint Andrew provides the vibrancy that creates a city environment, nightlife, many restaurants, outdoor facilities, and tourist attractions, making the city of Kingston what it is today.[citation needed]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The St. Andrew Juvenile Remand Centre of the Department of Correctional Services, Jamaica is located in Stony Hill, St. Andrew Parish.[3]

Transportation[edit]

Road[edit]

Main article: Roads in Jamaica

The primary roads through Kingston to the rest of the island all pass through St Andrew including the A1 to Lucea, A3 to Saint Anns Bay, A4 to Annotto Bay and B1 to Buff Bay via Newcastle. The Transport Center, located in Half-Way-Tree, Saint Andrew is a depot for public buses servicing many parts of the tri-parish area (Saint Andrew, Kingston and Saint Catherine)and the outlying areas.

Rail[edit]

Main article: Railways of Jamaica

The main railway line from Kingston to the rest of the island used to run through western St Andrew en route to Spanish Town. It is now closed.

Air[edit]

Jamaica's primary airport, Norman Manley International Airport, on the Palisadoes Peninsula and Tinson Pen.

Sea[edit]

Plumb Point Lighthouse is located at Great Plumb Point on the Palisadoes Peninsula.

Important places[edit]

  • The Governor General's Residence at King House
  • Vale Royal, The Prime Minister's Residence,
  • Modern commercial New Kingston Complex
  • Bob Marley Museum
  • Sabina Park
  • The National Stadium
  • Mico College
  • Hope Garden
  • Half Way Tree
  • Cross Road
  • Carib Theatre
  • Saint Andrew Parish Church
  • Emancipation Park
  • Mandela Park
  • May Pen Cemetery
  • Strawberry Hill
  • Studio One
  • Trench Town
  • New Kingston
  • The University of the West Indies, Mona Campus
  • Jamaica House
  • Edna Manley School of the Visual Arts
  • Temple Hall
  • New Castle

Towns, communities and villages[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Right To Be Proud: A Brief Guide To Jamacian Heritage Sites
  2. ^ Cunningham, Anastasia (04/03/2012). "Brown-Burke Sworn In As New Kgn Mayor". Jamaica Gleaner. Retrieved 09/07/2012.  Check date values in: |date=, |accessdate= (help)
  3. ^ "JUVENILE CORRECTIONAL CENTRES." Department of Correctional Services, Jamaica. Retrieved on 2 October 2010.