St. Clair, Michigan

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Saint Clair
City
St Clair MI.JPG
Nickname(s): St. Clair
Location of St. Clair, Michigan
Location of St. Clair, Michigan
Coordinates: 42°49′23″N 82°29′32″W / 42.82306°N 82.49222°W / 42.82306; -82.49222Coordinates: 42°49′23″N 82°29′32″W / 42.82306°N 82.49222°W / 42.82306; -82.49222
Country United States
State Michigan
County St. Clair
Government
 • Mayor Bill Cedar
Area[1]
 • Total 3.61 sq mi (9.35 km2)
 • Land 2.93 sq mi (7.59 km2)
 • Water 0.68 sq mi (1.76 km2)
Elevation 584 ft (178 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 5,485
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 5,399
 • Density 1,872.0/sq mi (722.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
FIPS code 26-70680[4]
GNIS feature ID 1624881[5]
Website www.cityofstclair.com

St. Clair is a city in St. Clair County in the eastern "Thumb" of the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 5,485 at the 2010 census. The city is located on the St. Clair River near the southeast corner of St. Clair Township.

Geography[edit]

  • According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.61 square miles (9.35 km2), of which 2.93 square miles (7.59 km2) is land and 0.68 square miles (1.76 km2) is water.[1] The city is located along the St. Clair River.
  • It lies in the Thumb of Michigan.
    • Saint Clair can also be considered as in the Blue Water area, a subregion of the Thumb.
  • The City of St. Clair has much upscale housing along the St. Clair River. The Saint Clair area attracts many tourists from Metro Detroit. The city also boasts the longest freshwater boardwalk in the world.

Naming[edit]

Located on the western banks of the St. Clair River, the city's name is taken from the river, which in turn was named for Lake Saint Clair, named by French explorers in the 17th century. The expedition of French explorer René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle entered the lake on August 12, 1679, the feast day of Saint Clare of Assisi, and named it named it Lac Sainte-Claire in her honor.[6] The lake is named on English maps as early as 1710 as Saint Clare. The spelling was anglicized as early as the 1755 Mitchell Map, when the lake's name was spelled as "St. Clair," as it is currently.[7] The name is sometimes attributed to honoring the American Revolutionary War General and Governor of the Northwest Territory Arthur St. Clair, but it was in use with the current spelling long before St. Clair was a notable figure. The earlier name of the lake may have been conflated with that of the general in naming some of the political entities near the lake and the river, such as St. Clair County, St. Clair Township, and the cities of St. Clair and St. Clair Shores.

Some have thought that the name was in honor of Patrick Sinclair, a British officer who purchased land on the St. Clair River at the outlet of the Pine River. There in 1764 he built Fort Sinclair, which was in use for nearly twenty years before being abandoned.[8]

History[edit]

St. Clair was first platted under the name of Palmer by Thomas Palmer in 1828.[9]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 5,485 people, 2,306 households, and 1,521 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,872.0 inhabitants per square mile (722.8/km2). There were 2,523 housing units at an average density of 861.1 per square mile (332.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.1% White, 0.3% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population.

There were 2,306 households of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.0% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.95.

The median age in the city was 42.5 years. 23.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.8% were from 25 to 44; 30.9% were from 45 to 64; and 15.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 5,802 people, 2,322 households, and 1,613 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,093.7 per square mile (808.7/km²). There were 2,432 housing units at an average density of 877.6 per square mile (339.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.4% White, 0.12% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.86% Asian, 1.00% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

There were 2,322 households out of which 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.7% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.5% were non-families. 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 88.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $52,957, and the median income for a family was $61,743. Males had a median income of $50,509 versus $28,224 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,180. About 3.3% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.6% of those under age 18 and 3.1% of those age 65 or over.

Athletics[edit]

The Saint Clair High School athletic teams are known as the Saints. The teams compete in the following MHSAA sponsored sports: cross country (men/women), soccer (men/women), football, golf (men), volleyball, track and field (men/women), baseball, softball, tennis (men/women), competitive cheer, basketball (men/women), swimming (men/women), and marching band (co-ed). The cross country teams (men/women), hockey team, tennis teams (men/women) have all in recent years begun to perform well in the state playoff tournaments. The girls' tennis team placed 8th at the MHSAA Division 3 state finals with 8 points, led by coach Dave Clutts. The boys' tennis team recently won their 8th regional title in the last 10 years. The girls' basketball team recently had a four-year stretch where they went to the Class B state finals three times, although they have not won a state title.[citation needed]

The boys' cross country team has dominated its conference for a number of years. Over the past two years[when?], the Saints cross-country team has gone undefeated in their division and won back-to-back state championships.

The St. Clair Marching Saints received a division 1 at the MSBOA marching band festival in 2010 receiving straight As in all categories.[citation needed]

In 2011, the boys' varsity baseball team won St. Clair High School's first baseball state title.[citation needed]

Recurring local events[edit]

  • Blue Water Ramble (St. Clair, Michigan) Annual International Bicycling Event, first weekend in October.[10]
  • Annual St. Clair Art Fair is a two-day event in the last weekend in June.[11]
  • Saint Clair Boat Races and River Fest are held annually in downtown Saint Clair on the last weekend of July.[12]
  • Will on the Water Shakespeare Festival, second weekend in August.[13]

Industry[edit]

  • Cargill Salt (formerly Diamond Crystal) operates a large solution salt mine and evaporation facility in St. Clair. This is the only plant in the United States that produces Alberger salt, which is especially prized in the fast food industry because of its higher volume (due to its unique shape) and lower sodium content (for a given volume, not weight). This is part of Michigan's large salt-mining industry.[14]
  • The St. Clair Power Plant and Belle River Power Plant are important industries to the area, although they are not within the city limits. Both plants are located a few miles south along the St. Clair River.

Notes[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]