St Cross College, Oxford
|Colleges and halls of the University of Oxford
St Cross College
|College name||St Cross College|
|Motto||Ad quattuor cardines mundi|
|Named after||St Cross Road and St Cross Church|
|Sister college||Clare Hall, Cambridge|
Location of St Cross College within central OxfordCoordinates:
|Boat Club shared with Wolfson College Boat Club|
|Blazon||Argent a cross potent purpure a quarter counterchanged|
St Cross College is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England. It is an all-graduate college with traditional-style buildings on a central site in St Giles', just south of Pusey Street. It aims to match the structure, life and support of undergraduate colleges, with the relaxed atmosphere of an all-graduate college. Founded in 1965, the college is the fourth youngest of Oxford's 38 colleges.
On 18 November 2010, it was announced that Sir Mark Jones, previously Director of the Victoria and Albert Museum had been elected as the next Master of the college; he took up the post in September 2011.
St Cross College was formally set up by the University in 1965; it was to admit its first graduate students (five in number) in the following year. The establishment of the college, together with that of Iffley (now Wolfson College), arose out of pressure on the University during the early 1960s to solve the related problems of the increasing number of faculty and graduate students who lacked a college affiliation.
The early location of St Cross was on a site in St Cross Road, immediately south of St Cross Church. The college was named for its proximity to these places. In 1976 negotiations began between the college and the members of Pusey House over the possibility of moving the college to the St Giles site. The negotiations were successful, and in 1981 the college moved from St Cross Road into a site owned by Pusey House for a leased period of 999-years. The old site on St Cross Road continued to be used, initially by the Centre for Islamic Studies (at that time an Associated Centre of the college), and then subsequently in the early 1990s the site was developed by the college in collaboration with Brasenose College. The site now houses two residential buildings, which were opened in 1996.
The college is located on St Giles near to Blackfriars and the Ashmolean Museum. It is also within metres of the Classics faculty and the Oriental Institute. Regent's Park College, one of Oxford's Permanent Private Halls, is also nearby.
The Pusey House buildings date from the period of 1884 to 1926 and are mainly the work of the architects Temple and Leslie Moore and Ninian Comper. Discreet internal alterations were made when St Cross moved in by Geoffrey Beard and the Oxford Architects Partnership. Among these was the conversion of a cloister and store rooms into the Saugman Hall (now the Saugman Common Room) named after Per Saugman, a former Director of Blackwell Scientific Publications and a former fellow of the college. The first quadrangle was named the Richard Blackwell Quadrangle in honour of Richard Blackwell (another former fellow); both Saugman and Blackwell played a crucial part in securing for St Cross the large Blackwell benefaction for the college.
Behind the main buildings to the west, and through the 'four colleges arch' (named after the four colleges which had contributed especially generous capital and recurrent funding to St Cross: Merton, All Souls, Christ Church, and St John's), lies a large open garden bordered by one of the city's medieval walls. This has offered the college the possibility of expanding its buildings and erecting a second quadrangle. Work has so far been completed on one new wing, containing a hall and kitchen, with bar, function room and games room below, and study bedrooms above. The final sections of the quadrangle were set to be completed in time for the college's semicentennial in 2015. However, planning permission for the new building was rejected, as it required the demolition of a medieval boundary wall, an action which the council qualified as 'unjustifiable'.
St Cross has just under 500 graduate students at any one time, studying for degrees in all subjects. There is a strong emphasis on international diversity, with 70% of the students coming from outside the UK. This is reflected in the college motto Ad quattuor cardines mundi, meaning ‘to the four corners of the earth’. The fellowship is similarly diverse and represents a broad range of academic disciplines in the sciences and the arts. Unusually for an Oxford college there is a founding tradition of sharing social facilities between fellows, members of Pusey House, the Common Room and students, with no separate high table or Senior Common Room. This gives the college a much more informal atmosphere and makes it an important community of scholars who forge links across a range of subjects.
The college has an active social calendar for both current students and alumni. There are a range of college societies and sports teams (often in collaboration with other colleges), as well as weekly academic seminars and annual conferences.
Other events in the college include regular feasts, 'bops' and balls. As a result of the large international community at St Cross, the college strives to cater a wide range of events from other cultures. For instance St Cross was the first Oxford college to officially celebrate Chinese New Year. Reunion events for alumni are hosted by the college annually both in Oxford itself and abroad.
The College grace is:
|“||(ante cibum) Adesto nobis, Domine Deus noster: et concede ut quos Sanctae Crucis laetari facis honore, ejus donis quoque salutaribus nutrias, per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum.
(before the meal) "Be present with us, O Lord our God: and grant that those whom thou makest to rejoice in the honour of the Holy Cross, thou mayest also nourish by wholesome gifts, through our Lord Jesus Christ."
|“||(post cibum) Gratias agimus tibi, Domine, pro omnibus beneficiis tuis per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum.
(after the meal) "We give thanks to thee, O Lord, for all thy favours through our Lord Jesus Christ."
Although a secular foundation, and having completed the full purchase of the St Giles’ site from Pusey House in 2007, St Cross nevertheless enjoys warm relations with Pusey House, and the Pusey House Chapel and theological library are available for use by all college members.
See also Alumni of St Cross College
- Aharon Appelfeld, Israeli novelist
- Steve Baker, British politician
- Ruth Barnes, academic and curator of the Ashmolean Museum and Yale University Art Gallery
- Christian M. M. Brady, academic at Penn State University
- Tilman Brück, director of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
- John Burn, geneticist
- Kurt M. Campbell, American diplomat and Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs
- Alan Carter, professor and environmental philosopher
- Steven Casey, historian and academic
- Yusuf Çetin, Turkish religious leader
- Roger Collins, medieval and papal historian
- Lisa Downing, author and professor
- Tim Foster, Olympic rowing gold medalist
- Toshiharu Furukawa, Japanese politician, professor, and CEO
- M. G. Harris, children's author
- Tom Hayman, professional rugby player
- R. Joseph Hoffmann, religious historian and translator
- Hermione Lee, fellow of the British Academy, President of Wolfson College, Oxford
- John Kingman, British mathematician and fellow of the Royal Society
- Paul Laffin, British politician
- Kelsey Leonard, ﬁrst Native American woman to earn a degree from the University of Oxford
- Jason Gaverick Matheny, academic, risk assessor and co-founder of New Harvest
- Pete Mathias, musician and drummer in the band Filligar
- Sultan Muhammad V, Sultan of the Malaysian state of Kelantan
- Jonathan Orszag, American economist, politician and CEO
- Nicholas Patten, member of the Court of Appeal of England and Wales
- David Digby Rendel, British politician
- Richard Rudgley, anthropologist, author, and television presenter
- Peter Schweizer, political writer and researcher at Stanford University
- Klaus Stierstorfer, academic and author
- Anne Ulrich, biochemist and professor at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
- Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu, former Prime Minister of Romania, diplomat and politician
- Kenneth R. Valpey, professor and Gaudiya Vaishnava theologian
- Douglas H. Wigdor, prominent lawyer and former Assistant District Attorney for New York
- Graham Wiggins, musician
Fellows and Masters
See also Fellows of St Cross College
- Muhammad Al-A'zami
- Geoffrey Allen
- Jere L. Bacharach
- Nick Bostrom
- Mary F. Bosworth
- George Malcolm Brown
- Lorna Casselton
- Robert de Crespigny
- Paul J. Crutzen
- Colin Dexter
- Klaus Dodds
- Elizabeth Eisenstein
- Luciano Floridi
- Andrew Goudie
- Robin Harrison
- Robert E. M. Hedges
- Helena Hamerow
- Dan Hicks
- Robert Hoyland
- Jack Howlett
- Peter Killworth
- Robert MacCarthy
- Diarmaid MacCulloch
- Seyum Mangasha
- Herbert W. Marsh
- Farhan Nizami
- Arthur Norrington
- Arthur Peacocke
- James Pettifer
- Alwyn Robbins
- E. Peter Raynes
- Derek Roe
- Per Saugman
- Julian Savulescu
- Godfrey Stafford
- Mary Tregear
- Philip Wadler
- Bernard Wasserstein
- A. B. Yehoshua
- Emilie Savage-Smith (2009) St Cross: The first 45 years. St Cross College Record 26:78–90
- Why Choose St Cross College St Cross College Website, 30 May 2012.
- Sir Mark Jones elected Master of St Cross College University of Oxford news 18 November 2010.
- Quadrangle design shortlist St Cross College News, 12 June 2012.
- Niall McLaughlin's Oxford college plans rejected Architects' Journal, 28 October 2013
- OU Facts and Figures Oxford University Website
- Wolfson-St Cross Boat Club College Website
- 'International Community' St Cross College, 30 May 2012.
- 'Alumni reception held in New York' St Cross College News, 30 May 2012.
- Kenneth Hylson-Smith, A History of Holywell and St Cross College/Brasenose College Residential Site (Oxford, 1996).
- Kenneth Hylson-Smith, David Sturdy & Brian Atkins, A History of St Giles and the St Cross College/Pusey House Site (Oxford, 1993).
- 'St Cross College', in The Encyclopaedia of Oxford, ed. Christopher Hibbert (London, 1988), 385-6.
- St Cross College Record, 1– (1980–).
- W. E. van Heyningen, The Founding of St Cross College, Oxford: An Interested Account (Oxford, 1988).
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