Saint Francis House (Boston)
|Saint Francis House|
Saint Francis House: Rebuilding Lives
|Purpose/focus||Helping the homeless and disempowered to rebuild their lives|
|Location||39 Boylston Street, Boston MA 02116|
|Region served||Greater Boston area|
|Executive Director||Karen LaFrazia|
|Former name||Boylston Center|
Saint Francis House is a nonprofit, nonsectarian, ecumenical daytime shelter, primarily for the homeless, located in downtown Boston, Massachusetts, and founded in the early 1980s. It is the largest daytime shelter in New England and serves as an early model of such a center.
Its mission, has been stated early on as:
|“||We believe in the dignity of every human being and offer respect to all who enter the house. Our mission is to care for those who cannot take care of themselves, and to assist those who are capable of becoming self-reliant and fully functioning members of society.||”|
—St. Francis House Mission Statement, as recapitulated in 1998.
It serves and helps poor and homeless people in the spirit of St. Francis of Assisi who was dedicated to helping the neglected.
Saint Francis House was formally founded by the Justice and Peace Committee from the Saint Anthony Shrine on Arch Street in downtown Boston in 1984, but its origins date back to 1981, when the Franciscans at Saint Anthony's had opened a soup kitchen and some accommodation for the homeless.
As the need for services increased, Boston community and religious leaders called out for the establishment of a center where existing and additional services could be offered to the poor, the homeless, and the otherwise disenfranchised. It was the visionary, Father Louis Canino, O.F.M., a Franciscan friar and then Rector of the Saint Anthony Shrine, who was the driving force in its founding and the necessary purchase of a building on Boylston Street, the historic Boston Edison Electric Illuminating Company building.
Ira Greiff, a veteran social worker and former Clinical Instructor in Psychiatry at New York University School of Medicine, was also instrumental in setting up Saint Francis House with Father Canino, using the model of a settlement house (additionally combining community center or clubhouse models) for the day center shelter. He also shared a vision for "rehabilitative services and a permanent multiservice center for the homeless and that homeless shelters and programs should and could collaborate, and participate in joint public policy and budget advocacy".
Its early historical responses to help the homeless focused primarily on emergency services such as food, clothing, shelter, and medical care.
However, the problem of homelessness, in general, turned out to be more complex and could not be solved by emergency measures only, so its scope and services broadened.
Over the years of its operation, St. Francis House has dealt with barriers that impede people in overcoming poverty and homelessness, by offering an upward framework of opportunity. This includes teaching the skills needed to obtain jobs, housing, further education or, at the very least, how to have lives independent of shelters and institutions.
In 2001, Millennium Partners and Ritz-Carlton who built the Ritz-Carlton Hotel & Towers just around the corner from Saint Francis House, funded the construction of a large atrium in Saint Francis House so that the homeless would not have to stand in lines in the street waiting to get in. Saint Francis House had originally approached the developers to build the atrium out of an unused outdoor parking lot, so that homeless guests would not have to wait on the street in long lines.
In May 2009, a guest was stabbed critically by another guest. The Executive Director of Saint Francis House, Karen LaFrazia, said that this was a very rare occurrence and that in her tenure of more than a decade, she had never seen anything like this and that the environment is safe and a haven for many hundreds of people every day. The people involved in the incident were not regular guests of Saint Francis House.
In October 2009, Fr. Louis Canino, the founder of Saint Francis House in 1984, visited on its 25th anniversary reflecting on how much had changed in those 25 years.
St. Francis House is open seven days a week, 365 days a year and it provides its guests with the basic necessities of food, clothing, shelter, showers, telephones, mail, medical care, and emergency assistance. There are also rehabilitative programs (employment, housing, mental health, substance abuse counseling and lifeskills training) to help those who are able to move themselves out of poverty and homelessness, to achieve lives of independence, self-respect, and hope.
There is also some transitional and permanent housing in the building for the formerly homeless, living in recovery, and employed.
It also has a very active expressive art room, the Margaret Stewart Lindsay Art Center, where poor and homeless artists create and are given a chance to express themselves, and many of the works are displayed and sold. Saori style Japanese weaving is especially therapeutic and useful for many of the artists. Every year, guest artwork is featured in the Art from the Heart Calendar.
In 2004, the Carolyn Connors Women’s Center was opened, recognizing the special vulnerability of the smaller population of women who are homeless.
Being a daytime shelter model, it is a critical part of caring for the poor and homeless, since most nighttime shelters for sleeping typically put their guests out during the day, early in the morning after wake-up call. Rather than being left to the streets, which can be harsh, the day center provides a place to go and be cared for and also be part of a community, typically much more wide-ranging in services and scope than the nighttime emergency shelter scheme.
The in-house medical clinic is run by Boston Health Care for the Homeless.
Moving Ahead Program
In 1995, the Moving Ahead Program (MAP) was founded as a 14 week course in life recovery, job assessment, skills, and placement. Participants work in internships in companies and many graduates go on to fully regain housing and careers.
Awards and recognition
St. Francis House is recognized as a National Model Program by:
- The United States Department of Health and Human Services
- The United States Conference of Mayors Committee on Hunger and Homelessness
- The Social Security Administration
- The United States House of Representatives Speaker’s Task Force on Homelessness
In 2009, Saint Francis House:
- 382,588 meals
- 8,700 showers
- 13,000 changes of clothes
- 16,000 counseling sessions
- 9,000 medical appointments with Boston Health Care for the Homeless
- Advised guests in more than 10,000 sessions on substance abuse, housing, employment, legal matters, and other issues
- Trained 156 people in their First Step Employment Program
- Graduated the 94th class from the Moving Ahead Program (MAP), the vocational rehabilitation program
- Housed 62 men and women in the Next Step Housing Program
Comparative figures published show the number of meals served steadily increasing:
- 2005: 270,702
- 2006: 292,565
- 2007: 305,923
- 2009: 382,588
Typically, more than 700 meals are served each day for breakfast and lunch, and more than 5,000 hours of volunteer help are received each year.
As reported by Saint Francis House in 2008, a brief summary of their guest population demographics:
- 38% African American
- 30% Caucasian
- 25% Latino
- 7% members of other ethnic groups
- 80% male
- 20% female.
- Two-thirds are between the ages of 25 and 44
- Special populations
- 70% suffer from major mental illness, substance abuse, or both
- Common health issues include attention deficits, depression, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, and HIV/AIDS
- Women, young adults aging out of the Department of Youth Services system, and former criminal offenders
- St. Francis House Mission Statement, as recapitulated in 1998
- Saint Anthony Shrine website - Boston
- Father Louis Canino later became the founder and director of the St. Francis Springs Prayer Center at the Franciscan Center  in Greensboro, North Carolina.
- "Friar Stories: Journeys to Franciscan Life: Fr. Louis Canino, OFM", Holy Name Province website
- Cf. Thomas Keane, Jr., "Greiff's activism isn't just a good act", 2003 article.
- The United States Interagency Council on Homelessness, "A Home for Every American Award profiles with a look at the contributions of Ira Greiff, recipient of the Life Achievement Award", Newsletter, September 21, 2006. (archived 2010)
- Bombardieri, Marcella, "Ritz-Carlton Hotel & Towers Lifts Downtrodden Area of Boston", The Boston Globe, January 26, 2003 Knight Ridder/Tribune Business News.
- The Atrium, Marcella Bombardieri, The Boston Globe, May 09, 2001.
- Abel, David; Valencia, Milton J., "Man critical after he's stabbed at homeless shelter: Suspect taken into custody", The Boston Globe, May 29, 2009
- The Spirit of Saint Francis, Fall 2009 newsletter.
- Expressive Therapy at Saint Francis House - website
- Pollack-Fusi, Mindy, "Art therapy: A way to tell their stories", The Boston Globe, March 27, 2012
- Yoder, Glenn, "Weaving stability in life of loose ends", The Boston Globe, May 28, 2006
- Saori Weaving Initiative at Saint Francis House
- Boston Healthcare for the Homeless Program
- Ross, Pippin, "MAP shows the way: At Boston’s St. Francis House, the focus is on jobs, not group therapy", Commonwealth Magazine, Boston, Winter 2011 issue, January 18, 2011.
- Cunningham, Liam, "When the best answer to life’s problems is a steady job", Spare Change News, October 21, 2011
- these statistics are provided by St. Francis House, in their reports, and on their webpage.
- The Spirit of Saint Francis - newsletter, Summer 2008. Cf. figure on p.7
- Cf. "Our Guests" - Saint Francis House website, 2008
- Keane, Thomas, Jr., "Greiff's activism isn't just a good act", Friday, July 4, 2003 - on Ira Greiff, a co-founder of Saint Francis House. (archived copy)
- Barry, Ellen, "A Refugee's Triumph Over Desolation", Boston Globe, December 28, 2003. - comments by Tim Bulla, social worker at Saint Francis House.
- Crimaldi, Laura, "Cardinal Spends Time With Homeless", Boston Herald, December 26, 2006.
- Girard, Christopher J., "O’Malley holds prayer service at shelter", Boston Globe, December 26, 2010
- Kantor, Ira, "Cardinal Sean O’Malley spreads cheer", Boston Herald, Friday, December 26, 2008
- Rocco, Diana, "Volunteers help homeless", Fox 25 TV news, Boston, Friday, 25 December 2009.
- Ross, Pippin, "A MAP For Getting Well", Spirit of Change newspaper, Summer 2010 issue.
- Saint Francis House, "The Spirit of Saint Francis", Fall 2009 issue, 25th anniversary commemoration issue of its founding.
- Szaniszlo, Marie, "Hope still plentiful in tough times", Boston Herald, Friday, November 27, 2009
- "SAINT FRANCIS HOUSE, INC., Summary Screen", The Commonwealth Of Massachusetts, William Francis Galvin, Secretary Of The Commonwealth, Corporations Division (St. Francis House corporate filings with the Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Secretary)
- WFXT, Fox 25 News, Boston, "Cardinal Celebrates Christmas : Cardinal Sean O'Malley spent part of his day with those in need", Monday, 25 Dec 2006, 5:32 PM EST. TV video piece on Saint Francis House Christmas dinner, 2006.
- Barnett, Byron, "Interview with Andrea Ryan, Director of Programs and Services, Saint Francis House", Urban Update program, WHDH-TV, Boston, Sunday, September 9, 2012