Saint Gregory the Illuminator Cathedral, Yerevan
|Saint Gregory the Illuminator Cathedral|
General view of the Cathedral of Saint Gregory the Illuminator
|Location||Tigran Mets Blvd, Kentron,
|Affiliation||Armenian Apostolic Church|
|Year consecrated||September 23, 2001|
|Ecclesiastical or organizational status||Active|
|Height (max)||54 m (177 ft)|
Saint Gregory the Illuminator Cathedral (Armenian: Սուրբ Գրիգոր Լուսավորիչ Մայր Տաճար, Surb Grigor Lusavorich Mayr Tachar) is the largest Armenian church in the world, located in the Kentron District of Yerevan, Armenia. It is adjacent to the General Andranik metro station. It is also considered to be one of the largest religious buildings along with Sameba Cathedral in the South Caucasus.
The Cathedral is the symbol of the 1700th anniversary of the proclamation of Christianity as a state religion in Armenia and house for relics of Saint Gregory the Illuminator. The Holy Remains of St. Gregory were brought from Naples, Italy. Shortly after the consecration of the Cathedral Pope John Paul II paid a visit to the Cathedral.
The cathedral has been constructed by the initiative of catholicos Vazgen I. The construction started on April 7, 1997 with a ground blessing service conducted by catholicos Karekin I. The church complex was designed by the architect Stepan Kurkchyan and the construction was completed in 2001.
The huge Cathedral is a complex consisting of three churches: the Cathedral (Main Church) with 1700 seats and the Chapels of St. King Tiridates and of Saint Ashkhen the Queen (both with 150 seats). These two royal figures were the crucial helpers of St. Gregory in converting Armenia to Christianity. The belfry tower (which consists of more than 30 arches) and the court are located at the entrance of the Cathedral. The halls for both the receptions and church-related activities are provided on the lower floor of the Main Church.
The total area of the complex is around 3,822 square meters, while the height of the cathedral from the ground to the top of the cross is 54 meters.
The consecration of the Cathedral – the symbol of the 1700th anniversary of the proclamation of Christianity as a state religion in Armenia – took place on September 23, 2001, and now, with its whole beauty and majesty, it is visible from the numerous corners of Yerevan.
The Main Church of the complex was built by the donation of AGBU founder Alek Manoukian, along with his wife Mary, and their son and daughter Richard and Louise Simon-Manoukian. On the other hand, the construction of the two chapels of the complex was completed by the donation of Nazar and Artemis Nazarian and Kevork and Linda Kevorkian, while the belfry erected by the donation of Eduardo Eurnekian.
- "Yerevan churches". Yerevan official website. Retrieved 2009-08-24.
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