Saint Gregory the Illuminator Cathedral, Yerevan

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Saint Gregory the Illuminator Cathedral
2014 Erywań, Katedra św. Grzegorza Oświeciciela (05).jpg
General view of the Cathedral of Saint Gregory the Illuminator
Basic information
Location Tigran Mets Blvd, Kentron, Yerevan, Armenia
Geographic coordinates 40°10′19″N 44°31′01″E / 40.172003°N 44.516836°E / 40.172003; 44.516836Coordinates: 40°10′19″N 44°31′01″E / 40.172003°N 44.516836°E / 40.172003; 44.516836
Affiliation Armenian Apostolic Church
Year consecrated September 23, 2001
Ecclesiastical or organizational status Active
Leadership Catholicos of All Armenians
Architectural description
Architect(s) Stepan Kurkchyan
Architectural type Church
Architectural style Armenian architecture
Groundbreaking 1997
Completed 2001
Capacity 1700
Height (max) 54 m (177 ft)

The Saint Gregory the Illuminator Cathedral (Armenian: Սուրբ Գրիգոր Լուսավորիչ մայր եկեղեցի, Surb Grigor Lusavorich mayr yekeghetsi), also known as the Cathedral of Yerevan is currently the largest cathedral of the Armenian Apostolic Church in the world, effectively making it the current largest Armenian cathedral. It is located in the Kentron District (Central District) of Yerevan, the capital of Armenia, and considered to be one of the largest religious buildings in the South Caucasus along with the Holy Trinity Cathedral of Tbilisi (known as the Sameba Cathedral). Adjacent to the General Andranik metro station, it's visible from the numerous corners of Yerevan.

History[edit]

The cathedral was constructed by the initiative of Catholicos Vazgen I. Its construction started on April 7th, 1997 with a ground blessing service conducted by Catholicos Karekin I.[1] The church complex was designed by the architect Stepan Kurkchyan and the construction was completed in 2001.

The consecration of the cathedral took place on September 23rd, 2001, on occasion of the 1700th anniversary of the proclamation of Christianity as a state religion of Armenia[1] The cathedral houses the relics of Saint Gregory the Illuminator and the Holy Remains of St. Gregory that were brought from Naples, Italy. Shortly after the consecration of the cathedral, Pope John Paul II paid a visit to the cathedral.[2]

Architecture[edit]

The huge cathedral is a complex consisting of three churches: the Cathedral (Main Church) with 1700 seats and the Chapels of St. Tiridates the King and of Saint Ashkhen the Queen (both with 150 seats). These two royal figures were the crucial helpers of St. Gregory in converting Armenia to Christianity. The belfry tower (which consists of more than 30 arches) and the court are located at the entrance of the Cathedral. The halls for both the receptions and church-related activities are provided on the lower floor of the Main Church.

The total area of the complex is around 3,822 square meters, while the height of the cathedral from the ground to the top of the cross is 54 meters.[3]

The Main Church of the complex was built by the donation of Richard Alexander Manoogian and Louise Manoogian Simone, in the memory of their defunct father, philanthropist, enterpreneur and former AGBU President Alex Manoogian and his wife Marie Manoogian.[1] On the other hand, the construction of the two chapels of the complex was completed by the donation of Nazar and Artemis Nazarian and Kevork and Linda Kevorkian, while the belfry was erected by the donation of Eduardo Eurnekian.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c http://asbarez.com/42657/louise-simone-and-richard-manougian-donate-2-million-to-yerevan-cathedral-project/ Louise Simone and Richard Manougian Donate $2 Million to Yerevan Cathedral Project
  2. ^ http://w2.vatican.va/content/john-paul-ii/en/homilies/2001/documents/hf_jp-ii_hom_20010926_yerevan-st-gregory.html APOSTOLIC VOYAGE IN ARMENIA, ECUMENICAL CELEBRATION, HOMILY OF JOHN PAUL II. Cathedral of St. Gregory the Illuminator, Yerevan, 26 September 2001
  3. ^ "Yerevan churches". Official Website of the Yerevan Council. Retrieved 2009-08-24. 

External links[edit]