Saint Helena Parish, Louisiana

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Saint Helena Parish, Louisiana
Map of Louisiana highlighting Saint Helena Parish
Location in the state of Louisiana
Map of the United States highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1810
Named for Saint Helena
Seat Greensburg
Largest town Greensburg
Area
 • Total 409 sq mi (1,059 km2)
 • Land 408 sq mi (1,057 km2)
 • Water 1.1 sq mi (3 km2), 0.3%
Population
 • (2010) 11,203
 • Density 27/sq mi (10/km²)
Congressional districts 5th, 6th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

St. Helena Parish (French: Paroisse de Sainte-Hélène) is a parish in the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,203.[1] Its seat is Greensburg.[2] The parish was created in 1810.[3]

St. Helena Parish is part of the Baton Rouge, LA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The parish was one of the eight "Florida Parishes", areas that were once part of colonial West Florida. It was annexed to the Orleans Territory in 1810, after the short-lived Republic of West Florida capitulated to the United States. In 1832, the southern section of the parish was taken to form Livingston Parish; the courthouse was moved to Greensburg, where it remains today. St. Helena lost another portion of land in 1866, which was added to land from Washington and Livingston Parishes in 1868, to form Tangipahoa Parish.

From 1964 to 1984, St. Helena Parish was represented in the Louisiana State Senate by the Democrat businessman W. E. "Bill" Dykes. In 1983, as a casualty of redistricting, Dykes bowed out of contention in a race which would have pitted him against long-term Senate President Sixty Rayburn of Bogalusa, Louisiana.

In recent years, St. Helena experienced a series of scandals involving parish officials. In 1997, Sheriff Eugene Holland was found guilty of misuse of government funds and property and using prison inmates for personal labor. His replacement, Chaney L. Phillips (born c. 1950), served for only a year as sheriff before he was convicted of fraud and money laundering that he had committed while serving as the parish assessor. He was given an eight-year prison sentence on conviction in 1998 of having placed a political supporter on his assessor office staff; the individual performed no duties. Phillips was assigned to the Federal Correctional Institution in Englewood, Colorado.[4] He did not serve the full eight years; he was released on May 23, 2003.[5]

Ronald "Gun" Ficklin took over the sheriff's office from Phillips in 1998, but on February 5, 2007, Ficklin himself pleaded guilty on multiple counts involving his role in operating "chop shops" — reselling stolen automobiles and parts — using state prisoners to staff these activities and as a pit crew for his race car.[6][7]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 409 square miles (1,060 km2), of which 408 square miles (1,060 km2) is land and 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2) (0.3%) is water.[8]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent parishes and counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 3,026
1830 4,028 33.1%
1840 3,525 −12.5%
1850 4,561 29.4%
1860 7,130 56.3%
1870 5,423 −23.9%
1880 7,504 38.4%
1890 8,062 7.4%
1900 8,479 5.2%
1910 9,172 8.2%
1920 8,427 −8.1%
1930 8,492 0.8%
1940 9,542 12.4%
1950 9,013 −5.5%
1960 9,162 1.7%
1970 9,937 8.5%
1980 9,827 −1.1%
1990 9,874 0.5%
2000 10,525 6.6%
2010 11,203 6.4%
Est. 2013 10,875 −2.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 11,203 people residing in the county. 53.3% were Black or African American, 44.9% White, 0.3% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.5% of some other race and 0.8% of two or more races. 0.9% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of 2000, there were 10,525 people, 3,873 households, and 2,784 families residing in the parish. The population density was 10/km² (26/mi2). There were 5,034 housing units at an average density of 5 persons/km² (12 persons/mi2). The racial makeup of the parish was 46.53% White, 52.42% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races. 0.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,873 households, out of which 34.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.90% were married couples living together, 18.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.10% were non-families. 25.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.27.

In the parish, the population was spread out with 29.00% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 26.10% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 12.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 92.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.60 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $24,970, and the median income for a family was $29,950. Males had a median income of $30,218 versus $16,853 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $12,318. About 22.80% of families and 26.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.50% of those under age 18 and 23.20% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The Elementary and High School in St. Helena Parish are part of the St. Helena Parish School System. The Middle School in St. Helena Parish is part of the Recovery School District of Louisiana.

Communities[edit]

Map of St. Helena Parish, Louisiana With Municipal Labels

Brushy Creek Impact Crater[edit]

St. Helena Parish contains the only meteorite impact crater reported from the state of Louisiana. This suspected impact crater is a roughly circular depression about 1.2 miles/2 km in diameter. Shocked quartz and intensely fractured quartz have been recovered from fractured and possibly altered sediments comprising its rim. It lies about 5.8 miles/9.3 kilometers southwest of Greensburg, Louisiana, in the southwest corner of St. Helena Parish. Louisiana Highway 37 cuts through the northern edge of this feature.[13][14][15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 18, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "St. Helena Parish". Center for Cultural and Eco-Tourism. Retrieved September 6, 2014. 
  4. ^ "ES&S, Diebold lobbyists". bbvforums.org. Retrieved June 26, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Chaney L. Phillips". bop.gov. Retrieved June 26, 2013. 
  6. ^ Brown, Penny (5 February 2007). "St. Helena sheriff pleads guilty to role in illegal chop shop". The Advocate (Baton Rouge). Archived from the original on 2007-02-08. Retrieved 2007-02-06. 
  7. ^ "Sheriff pleads guilty in chop shop case". Associated Press (via Yahoo! News). 6 February 2007. Retrieved 2007-02-06. [dead link]
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 1, 2014. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 1, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2014. 
  13. ^ Heinrich, P.V. (2003) Possible Meteorite Impact Crater in St. Helena Parish, Louisiana. Search and Discovery Article. no. 50006. American Association of Petroleum Geologist, Tulsa, Oklahoma. Retrieved 2011-27-03.
  14. ^ Heinrich, P.V. (2003) Origin of a Circular Depression and Associated Fractured and Shocked Quartz, St. Helena Parish, LA. Transactions of the Gulf Association of Geological Societies. vol. 53, pp. 313-322.
  15. ^ Anonymous, 2008, LGS Researcher Featured in Meteor Crater News Story. Center for Energy Studies, Louisiana State University Baton Rouge, LA 70803. Retrieved 2011-27-03.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°49′N 90°43′W / 30.82°N 90.71°W / 30.82; -90.71