Hyacinth of Poland

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For the 2nd-century martyr, see Hyacinth of Caesarea. For the 3rd-century martyr, see Hyacinth and Protus. For the city in Quebec, see Saint-Hyacinthe.
Saint Hyacinth, O.P.
Carracci Saint Hyacinth.jpg
Apparition of the Virgin to Saint Hyacinth, Ludovico Carracci (1592), in the Louvre Museum
Religious, priest, confessor
and Apostle of the North
Born ca. 1185
Kamień Śląski, Lesser Poland
Died 15 August 1257
Kraków, Poland
Honored in
Roman Catholic Church, Aglipayan Church
Canonized April 17, 1594 by Pope Clement VIII
Feast 17 August
Attributes statue of the Blessed Virgin Mary; Monstrance or uCiborium
Patronage Lithuania, University of Santo Tomas-College of Tourism and Hospitality Management, invoked by those in danger of drowning; Basilica of St. Hyacinth

Saint Hyacinth, O.P., (Polish: Święty Jacek or Jacek Odrowąż) (b. ca. 1185 in Kamień Śląski (Ger. Groß Stein) near Opole (Ger. Oppeln), Upper Silesia – d. 15 August 1257, in Kraków, Poland of natural causes) was educated in Paris and Bologna. A Doctor of Sacred Studies and a secular priest, he worked to reform women's monasteries in his native Poland.

Life[edit]

Called the "Apostle of the North", Hyacinth was the son of Eustachius Konski of the noble family of Odrowąż. He was born in 1185 at the castle of Lanka, at Kamin, in Silesia, Poland. A near relative of Saint Ceslaus, he made his studies at Kraków, Prague, and Bologna, and at the latter place merited the title of Doctor of Law and Divinity. On his return to Poland he was given a prebend at Sandomir. He subsequently accompanied his uncle Ivo Konski, the Bishop of Kraków, to Rome.[1]

While in Rome, he witnessed a miracle performed by Saint Dominic, and became a Dominican friar, along with the Blessed Ceslaus and two attendants of the Bishop of Kraków - Herman and Henry. In 1219 Pope Honorius III invited Saint Dominic and his followers to taken up residence at the ancient Roman basilica of Santa Sabina, which they did by early 1220. Before that time the friars had only a temporary residence in Rome at the convent of San Sisto Vecchio which Honorius III had given to Dominic circa 1218 intending it to become a convent for a reformation of nuns at Rome under Dominic's guidance. Hyacinth and his companions were among the first to enter the convent and the first alumni of the studium of the Dominican Order at Santa Sabina out of which would grow the 16th century College of Saint Thomas at Santa Maria sopra Minerva and the Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Angelicum in the 20th century. After and abbreviated novitiate Hyacinth and his companions received the religious habit of the Order from St. Dominic himself in 1220.[1]

The young friars were then sent back to their homeland to establish the Dominican Order in Poland and Kiev. As Hyacinth and his three companions traveled back to Kraków, he set up new monasteries. His companions were chosen to be the superiors for new monasteries founded by Hyacinth as they proceeded, until finally he was the only one left, and he continued on to Kraków. Hyacinth went throughout northern Europe, spreading the faith. He died in the year 1257.[2] Tradition holds that he also evangelized throughout Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Scotland, Russia, Turkey, and Greece. However, these travels are heavily disputed and are not supported by the earliest lives of St. Hyacinth.

Legend[edit]

St. Hyacinth with a monstrance and a statue of Mary, a detail from Three Dominican Saints by Giovanni Battista Piazzetta (1738), in the Gesuati Church, Venice, Italy

One of the major miracles attributed to Hyacinth came about from a Mongol attack on Kiev. As the friars prepared to flee the invading forces, Hyacinth went to save the ciborium containing the Blessed Sacrament from the tabernacle in the monastery chapel, when he heard the voice of Mary, the mother of Jesus, asking him to take her, too.

Hyacinth lifted the large, stone statue of Mary, as well as the ciborium. He was easily able to carry both, despite the fact that the statue weighed far more than he could normally lift. Thus he saved them both. For this reason he is usually shown holding a monstrance (though they did not come into use until several centuries later),[3] and a statue of Mary.[4]

Veneration[edit]

Hyacinth was canonized on April 17, 1594, by Pope Clement VIII,[1] and his memorial day is celebrated on August 17. In 1686 Pope Innocent XI named him a patron of Lithuania.

In Spanish-language countries, Hyacinth is known as San Jacinto, which is the name of numerous towns and locations in Spanish-speaking countries, and of two battles fought in two of these locations.

He is the patron saint of St. Hyacinth's Basilica, in Chicago, Illinois, and of those in danger of drowning.

He is also the patron saint of the Ermita de Piedra de San Jacinto in the Philippine city of Tuguegarao, where his feast day is celebrated with a procession and folk dance contests.

A town called Camalaniugan in the Philippines is also under the said saint's patronage. The town church dedicated to San Jacinto or Saint Hyacinth is home to the oldest church bell (the Sancta Maria 1595) in the Far East.

The town of San Jacinto de Yaguachi, near Guayaquil in Ecuador, has had Saint Hyacinth as its patron saint since the 15th century. There is a "basilica menor" in the town dedicated to the saint, which holds relics of St. Hyacinth given to the Archbishop of Guayaquil by Pope John Paul II in the 1980s.

"Święty Jacek z pierogami!", (St. Hyacinth and his pierogi!) is an old expression of surprise, roughly equivalent to the Amarican "good grief" or "holy smokes!". Pierogi may be the only Polish dish that seems to have its own patron saint.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Mershman, Francis. "St. Hyacinth." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 7. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 28 Jan. 2013
  2. ^ St. Hyacinth of Poland by Mary Fabyan Windeatt
  3. ^ "Ostensorium (Monstrance)". Catholic Encyclopedia. 
  4. ^ "St. Hyacinth". Saints.SPQN.com. 
  5. ^ Polish Heritage Cooker by Robert Strybel, Maria Strybel, 2005 p. 456

External links[edit]