Saint Inan

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Coordinates: 55°36′58″N 4°39′54″W / 55.616°N 4.665°W / 55.616; -4.665

Saint Inan's Chair on Cauldhame Hill, Beith

Saint Inan (Evan) was the patron saint of Irvine, Ayrshire, Scotland, where he resided during the 9th century AD. His holy well still exists in the Kirk Vennel beside the Old Parish kirk, near the River Irvine. He is reputed to have come from Iona[1] Uinniau is a name now associated with Ninian, a developing consensus being that they are one and the same person.[2]

History[edit]

Beith Kirk in 1876, built on the site of Saint Inan's chapel.
The Rocking Stone at Cuff Hill.

Although he is said to have been a hermit,[3] according to tradition St. Inan often visited the nearby town of Beith, frequenting Cuff Hill with its Rocking stone and various other prehistoric monuments. A cleft in the west-front of Lochlands Hill is still known as 'St. Inan's Chair' and said to have been used by the saint as a pulpit.[4] and a crystal clear holy well existed nearby,[5] now sadly covered over (2006). An unsuccessful search for the saint's writings which were said to be preserved in the library of Bonci, Archbishop of Pisa was made by Colonel Mure of Caldwell in the 19th-century.[6]

Saint Inan is said to have preached to the assembled people from the chair on the hill and stayed on the site of Cauldhame Cottage. There was not a great population in the area at that time and the people were located not in Beith, but up on the top of the Bigholm near to what were the Beith water dams. The first settlements were in the heavily wooded areas around the dams where people were safe from attack and could get food from the land, and fish in the lochs. The Saints of old went where the people were, and they also tended to go where there had been worship of heathen Gods. It has been suggested that High Bogside Farm, which used to be called Bellsgrove, was really 'Baalsgrove', which fits in with the story of St. Inan going to where the pagan gods were.[7]

The Holy well and chapel[edit]

Irvine circa 1870. The Old parish kirk, manse and site of Saint Inan's well (where the two figures are standing on the right bank below the kirk).[8]

The well is also known as St Mary's or the Chapel Well.[9][10] It is situated at Grid reference NS 3226 3851. It lies close to what was probably a chapel dedicated to St Mary. Above the opening is a small stone plaque stating 'St Inan's Well AD 839'.

Saint Inan's Well near the Old Parish kirk. Dated 839 AD.

Saint Inan's chapel stood on the site of the old church in Beith (NS 349 538), the dedication later being changed to St. Mary the Virgin.[11]

After journeying to Rome and Jerusalem, he is said to have settled at Irvine, where he died, and where his tomb was much frequented on account of the reputed miracles wrought at it.[12]

A Saint Inan's well once existed in Fullarton, south of the present harbour.[13] Dundonald Castle once had a chapel dedicated to Saint Inan.[14]

Variations in the name[edit]

His name has several recorded spellings, such as Evan, Innan, Inin, Innen, Enen, Ennen and latterly Annan, Anan, Tinnan or even Tennant.[5] He is remembered in local names such as Southannan, near Fairlie. Saint Ninian and Saint Inan may in fact be one and the same person.

Tennant's day[edit]

Beith's annual fair, called Tennant's or Saint Tinnan's Day, was previously on the saint's day, 18 August.[4] It is now held in June.[15] In ancient times the fair is said to have been held on Cuff Hill. It was famous for its show, Cadgers races and sale of horses.[5]

See also[edit]

Dedications to St. Ninian (England, Scotland, Isle of Man

References[edit]

  1. ^ Beith parish
  2. ^ Strachan, Mark (2009). Saints, Monks and Knights. North Ayrshire Council. ISBN 978-0-9561388-1-1. p. 2
  3. ^ Scottish Saints
  4. ^ a b Smith, John (1895). Prehistoric Man in Ayrshire. Pub. Elliot Stock. P. 83.
  5. ^ a b c Dobie, James (1876) Cunninghame topographised by Timothy Pont Pub. John Tweed, Glasgow. P. 324.
  6. ^ Dobie, James (1876) Cunninghame topographised by Timothy Pont Pub. John Tweed, Glasgow. P. 41.
  7. ^ Jenny Kerr's recollections
  8. ^ Wilson, Professor.(1870) The Works of Robert Burns, Pub. Blackie & son. London.
  9. ^ "The RCAHMS's Canmore Website". Retrieved 2007-09-28. 
  10. ^ Love, Dane (2009). Legendary Ayrshire. Custom : Folklore : Tradition. Auchinleck : Carn Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9518128-6-0; p. 58
  11. ^ Paterson, James (1866) History of the Counties of Ayr and Wigton. Vol III.-Cuninghame. Pub. James Stillie, Edinbirgh. P. 65.
  12. ^ MacKinaly, James Murray (1914) 'Ancient Church Dedications in Scotland: Non-Scriptural', Edinburgh. Pages 191-192
  13. ^ Strawhorn, John (1985). The History of Irvine. Pub. John Donald. ISBN 0-85976-140-1. P. 4.
  14. ^ McJannet, Arnold F. (1938), The Royal Burgh of Irvine. Glasgow : Civil Press. p. 14.
  15. ^ Beith on Line


External links[edit]