St. James Parish, Louisiana

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Saint James Parish, Louisiana
Map of Louisiana highlighting Saint James Parish
Location in the state of Louisiana
Map of the United States highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location in the U.S.
Founded March 31, 1807
Named for Saint James
Seat Convent
Largest town Lutcher
Area
 • Total 258 sq mi (668 km2)
 • Land 242 sq mi (627 km2)
 • Water 16 sq mi (41 km2), 6.4%
Population
 • (2010) 22,102
 • Density 92/sq mi (36/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.stjamesla.com

St. James Parish (French: Paroisse de Saint-Jacques) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,102.[1] The parish seat is Convent.[2] The parish was created in 1807.[3]

St. James Parish is included in the New Orleans-Metairie, LA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

St. James is one of the state's nineteen original parishes, created by act of the territorial legislature, March 31, 1807. The original seat of government was the community of St. James, on the west bank of the Mississippi, but this was moved in 1869 to what is now Convent, on the east bank. St. James is part of the Acadian Coast. While it is possible that some Acadians did arrive prior to 1755 and in-between 1755-1764, the first documented group of Acadians [4 families: 20 individuals] arrived in New Orleans in February 1764. The arrival was documented in a letter dated April 6, 1764 from Governor D'Abbadie to his superior in France. They were settled along the Mississippi River in present day St. James.

St. James is the only cultivation site in the world for Perique tobacco, introduced by an Acadian exile, Pierre Chenet, whose nickname was "Perique." It has been produced by his descendants for nearly two centuries (now covering only a 300 acre (1.2 km²) tract) and is in great demand by large tobacco companies.

Post office in Paulina, 1938

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 258 square miles (670 km2), of which 242 square miles (630 km2) is land and 16 square miles (41 km2) (6.4%) is water.[4] It is the fourth-smallest parish in Louisiana by land area and second-smallest by total area.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent parishes[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 5,660
1830 7,146 26.3%
1840 8,548 19.6%
1850 11,098 29.8%
1860 11,499 3.6%
1870 10,152 −11.7%
1880 14,714 44.9%
1890 15,715 6.8%
1900 20,197 28.5%
1910 23,009 13.9%
1920 21,228 −7.7%
1930 15,338 −27.7%
1940 16,596 8.2%
1950 15,334 −7.6%
1960 18,369 19.8%
1970 19,733 7.4%
1980 21,495 8.9%
1990 20,879 −2.9%
2000 21,216 1.6%
2010 22,102 4.2%
Est. 2013 21,752 −1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 22,102 people residing in the parish. 50.6% were Black or African American, 48.0% White, 0.2% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.4% of some other race and 0.7% of two or more races. 1.2% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 21,216 people, 6,992 households, and 5,551 families residing in the parish. The population density was 86 people per square mile (33/km²). There were 7,605 housing units at an average density of 31 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the parish was 49.99% White, 49.38% Black, 0.09% Native American, 0.05% Asian, 0.12% from other races, and 0.37% from two or more races. 0.61% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 93.78% of the population spoke only English at home, while 4.97% spoke French or Cajun French[1].

There were 6,992 households out of which 38.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.30% were married couples living together, 19.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.60% were non-families. 18.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.00 and the average family size was 3.43.

In the parish the population was spread out with 29.50% under the age of 18, 9.80% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 21.40% from 45 to 64, and 11.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 93.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.40 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $35,277, and the median income for a family was $41,751. Males had a median income of $37,487 versus $21,712 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $14,381. 20.70% of the population and 18.00% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 27.70% are under the age of 18 and 15.10% are 65 or older.

Education[edit]

St. James Parish Public Schools serves all of St. James Parish.

Communities[edit]

Map of St. James Parish, Louisiana With Municipal Labels

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 18, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "About Us". http://www.stjamesla.com. Retrieved September 6, 2014. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 1, 2014. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 1, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Geology

Coordinates: 30°02′N 90°48′W / 30.03°N 90.80°W / 30.03; -90.80