St. James United Church (Montreal)

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St. James United Church
St. James United Church on Saint Catherine Street in Downtown Montreal.
45°30′19″N 73°34′07″W / 45.5054°N 73.5686°W / 45.5054; -73.5686Coordinates: 45°30′19″N 73°34′07″W / 45.5054°N 73.5686°W / 45.5054; -73.5686
Location Montreal, Quebec
Country Canada
Denomination United Church of Canada
Previous denomination Methodist Church of Canada
Website www.stjamesmontreal.ca/
History
Founded 1803
Architecture
Status active
Architect(s) Alexander Francis Dunlop
Architectural type Gothic Revival
Groundbreaking 1887
Completed 1889
Specifications
Capacity 2,000
Number of spires 2
Administration
Presbytery Montreal Presbytery
Synod Montreal and Ottawa Conference
Clergy
Minister(s) Arlen John Bonnar
Assistant Phyllis Smyth, Doug Stewart, Jean-Daniel Williams
Laity
Organist/Director of music

Philip Crozier

Official name: St. James United Church National Historic Site of Canada
Designated: 1996

Saint James United Church (Église Unie Saint-James in French) is a heritage church in downtown Montreal, Quebec. It is a Protestant church affiliated with the United Church of Canada. It is located at 463 Saint Catherine Street West between Saint Alexandre and City Councillors Streets (McGill Metro station), in the borough of Ville-Marie. It was designated as a National Historic Site of Canada in 1996.[1][2]

The Gothic Revival church was designed by Montreal architect Alexander Francis Dunlop. It is noteworthy for its false apse housing church offices and for its Casavant Frères organ.

History[edit]

The interior of St. James Methodist Church in 1892.
The interior of St. James United Church

When it was built in June 1889, it was the largest Methodist church in Canada, with 2,000 seats; it was nicknamed the "Cathedral Church of Methodism." It now belongs to the United Church of Canada, into which the Canadian Methodists merged in 1925. Its congregation founded the first YMCA in North America on November 25, 1851 (before the present church building was built) and led an active campaign for women's suffrage early in the 20th century.

A World War I memorial window (1924) by Charles William Kelsey depicting a trench scene at St. James United Church (Montreal) was dedicated to 32 members who were killed overseas and 267 others who served in the Great War. The side lights represent the cardinal virtues, Justice, Prudence, Temperence and Fortitude.

In 1927, to cover upkeep costs, the church permitted a commercial building to be built in front of its Sainte Catherine Street façade. The building, adjoining the church's structure, concealed the church for over 78 years, the church itself being announced by a large neon sign.

In 2005, as part of an $8-million restoration effort sponsored by the city of Montreal and the Quebec government, a portion of the commercial buildings were demolished, once again revealing the facade of the church as well as a new public square designed by Quebec architect Claude Cormier.[3] Access has also been restored to the rear lawn from Sainte Catherine Street.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "St. James United Church". Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada. Parks Canada. Retrieved August 22, 2011. 
  2. ^ St. James United Church. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved August 22, 2011.
  3. ^ Affleck, Gavin, "IN FULL VIEW: PUBLIC SPACE IN MONTREAL", Canadian Architect .

External links[edit]