Joanikije II

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Saint
Joanikije II
[citation needed]His Holiness, the Metropolitan of Peć and Archbishop of Serbs
Archbishop of All Serbian and Maritime Lands
Joanikije II.jpg
Joanikije II, fresco from the Church of St. Demetrius
Church Serbian Orthodox Church
Metropolis Metropolitanate of Peć
See Patriarchate of Peć
Installed January 3, 1338
Term ended September 3, 1354
Predecessor Danilo II
Successor Sava IV
Other posts logotet
Orders
Rank Metropolitan, Archbishop, Patriarch
Personal details
Died September 3, 1354
Buried Peć Monastery
Nationality Serb
Denomination Eastern Orthodoxy
Residence Prizren, Peć
Alma mater Hilandar
Sainthood
Feast day [O.S. September 3]
Canonized by Serbian Orthodox Church

Joanikije II (Serbian Cyrillic: Јоаникије II; fl. 1337– d. 1354) was the Serbian Archbishop (1338–1346) and first Serbian Patriarch (1346–1354). He was elected Metropolitan of Peć and Archbishop of Serbs on January 3, 1338. Prior to his election, he served as a logotet, royal chancellor, to the Kingdom of Serbia. He was elevated to Patriarch on Palm Sunday, April 6, 1346, done in order for Joanikije to coronate King Stefan Uroš IV Dušan as Emperor on Easter of 1346 with the approval of the Patriarch of Trnovo, Archbishop of Ohrid, and community of Mount Athos. Joanikije continued a tradition of church building, and built, among others, two churches in the Holy Land: the Church of St. Elias on Mount Carmel and the Church of St. Nicholas on Mount Tabor. Joanikije died on September 3, 1354, which is his feast day. He was buried in the Peć Monastery.

Life[edit]

Joanikije was born in the vicinity of Prizren, an important town in the Kingdom of Serbia. His family was Christian.

Joanikije served as a logotet, royal chancellor, to the Serbian King Stefan Uroš IV Dušan (r. 1331-1346; afterwards as Emperor until 1355).

Archbishop Danilo II died on December 19, 1337.[1] Joanikije was elected Metropolitan of Peć and Archbishop of Serbs on January 3, 1338.[1] He continued the Christian work of his predecessors, and had the Peć Monastery, which was the seat of the Archbishop built by Nikodim and Danilo I, further worked on, adding icons and frescoes and other things.

King Dušan had expanded his territory into the deep Greek (Byzantine) south in the 1340s. Joanikije was elevated to Patriarch on Palm Sunday, April 6, 1346, done in order for Joanikije to coronate King Stefan Uroš IV Dušan as Emperor on Easter of 1346 with the approval of the Patriarch of Trnovo, Archbishop of Ohrid, and community of Mount Athos.

Joanikije II continued a tradition of church building, and built, among others, two churches in the Holy Land: the Church of St. Elias on Mount Carmel and the Church of St. Nicholas on Mount Tabor.

Joanikije II died on September 3, 1354, which is his feast day. He was buried in the Peć Monastery.

Annotations[edit]

  • Name: His name was Joanikije (Greek: Joanikios, Latin: Joanicius). His patronymic or surname is unknown.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Miodrag Al Purković; Miodrag M. Purković (1976). Srpski patrijarsi Srednjega veka. Srpska pravoslavna eparhija zapadnoevropska. p. 27. 

Sources[edit]

This article incorporates text from Joanikije II at OrthodoxWiki which is licensed under the CC-BY-SA and GFDL.
  • Л. Мирковић. Архиепископ Данило (и његови настављачи): Животи краљева и архиепископа Српских. СКЗ. 
Orthodox Church titles
Preceded by
Danilo II
Archbishop of Serbs
January 3, 1338–April 6, 1346
Succeeded by
None
Preceded by
None
Patriarch of Serbs and Greeks
April 6, 1346–September 3, 1354
Succeeded by
Sava IV