Relief of St. Moling in St. Mary's and St. Michael's Church in New Ross
Sliabh Luachra, Co. Kerry
According to a manuscript in the Royal Library, Brussels, Mo Ling was descended from Cathaoir Mór, King of Leinster. He is said to have been the illegitimate son of a wealthy landholder called Faelán the Fair, son of Feradach, and of Faelán's sister-in-law, Émnait. Ashamed of the pregnancy, Émnait fled home, traveling by night. She arriving at Sliabh Luachra in the midst of winter when the snow was said to be so deep that it reached men's shoulders. She gave birth to a son in the snow, whereupon a company of angels arrived and melted the snow around the child for thirty feet on every side.
Émnait intended to kill the child but a white dove spread its wings around the baby, keeping him warm and protecting him from attack throughout the night. They were found the next morning by monks, who took them in and baptized the child Tairchell. When Tairchell was about sixteen years of age, he encountered a family of spectres on the road, but managed to escape by means of three fantastic leaps. The monk Collanach then gave him the name Mo Ling ('ling' meaning 'leap').
Mo Ling was a monk at Glendalough and went on to become Bishop of Ferns. Bede describes Saint Mo Ling as a "good and wise man, excellently versed in the knowledge of the Scriptures". He died in 697 and is buried at St. Mullin's.
St. Moling's Monastery
Saint Moling founded a monastery on the River Barrow. The monastery was said to have been built with the help of Gobán Saor, the legendary Irish builder. Over time a settlement grew up around it.
It is said that St Mo Ling established a mill there and dug a mile-long watercourse with his own hands to power it, He is reputed to have been the first person to introduce rye into Ireland. He helped his people by distributing corn and meal during a particularly inclement summer. St. Mo Ling was a skilled boatman, passing quickly up the river Barrow to visit his friend Saint Laserian at Leighlin.
St. Mo Ling is linked with the folkloric character Suibhne Geilt [Mad Sweeney]. It is related that Suibhne Geilt, who went mad at the Battle of Moira (Mag Rath) in A.D. 634, afterwards travelled to Teach Moling. He was murdered there by Mongán, Saint Moling's swineherd. He was buried with great honour within the church by its founder and patron.
The original monastery was plundered by the Vikings around 824 and again in 951. An abbey was later built on the site. A 9th century high cross, showing the Crucifixion and a Celtic spiral pattern, stands outside the remains of the abbey. In a small square enclosure in the graveyard at St. Mullins is a stone altar with an arch overhead, where, according to tradition, Mass used to be celebrated in penal times. The churchyard lies in the shadow of an Anglo-Norman motte and contains a collection of eighteenth and nineteenth-century gravestones. During penal times, Mass was said in the structure in the graveyard. Over the altar is an aperture through which a warning could be communicated to the priest from a watcher positioned on the motte.
St. Moling's Well
The first reference to a Holy Well at St. Mullins is to be found in the Annals of Friar Clyn which dates from the year A.D. 1348. In those times, the plague swept across Ireland and pilgrims visite the Holy Well in St. Mullins out of fear of the plague. They would circle the well in a clockwise direction, known as circumambulation, while reciting prayers. During the 19th century a pilgrimage to St Molings well would take place twice a year on 17 June and also on 25 July. The well house was used for bathing children suffering from a variety of diseases.
For hundreds of years the Holy Well at St. Mullins was a revered place of pilgrimage. Canon John O'Hanlon, author of Lives of the Irish Saints, whose account dates from the late 1800s tells of the crowd assembling there on 17 June and on 25 July each year. They drank from the well and carried some home for those unable to visit. The pilgrims made the rounds (a prescribed walk) three times and waded barefoot through the stream. They recited prayers at each of the ruined churches where they prayed nine Our Fathers and nine Hail Marys.
Patron Day was traditionally kept on 17 June as a day of rest in the parish and nobody would work. According to one account on one occasion a local family went to work in the fields as usual. Suddenly St. Moling appeared to them. One of those present attempted to run away and he was turned into a stone at the place he had reached which is called 'Stuckan-na-Drana'. The workers who remained eating their lunch were also turned into stones. This happened at a place called 'Maol Oula' the Bald or Barren Place.
Fairs were held at St. Mullins on 17 June, St. Moling's Day, 25 July, St. James' Day, 8 September Feast of the Blessed Virgin Mary and on 1 November, Feast of All Saints.
A pattern day, is a day when people come together to perform pilgrimage at a holy well or saint's grave, usually on the saints feast day, a tradition that can be traced back to early medieval times. Nineteenth-century accounts suggest there were originally two main pilgrimage days at St Mullins on 17 June the feast day of St Moling and 25 July the feast of St James. Today the Patron or Pattern Day is held on the Sunday before 25 July; prayers take place at the well and in the graveyard on the 25th.
The town of Monamolin in County Wexford is named after him, as is the parish church in Ballycanew. Mullinakill, Co. Kilkenny; Timolin, Co. Kildare; Monamolin, Co. Wexford and St. Mullins, Co. Carlow, as well as St. Moling’s Wells, such as the one at Brosna, Co. Kerry are also named after him.
Many churches were founded by Mo Ling, the most famous being St. Mullin's in County Carlow. Mo Ling dedicated a holy well at Ferns known as Maodhóg's Well in memory of St. Aidan, or Saint Maodhóg, the Patron Saint of the Diocese of Ferns.
John O'Donovan in his Ordnance Survey Letters of 1840 tells a story of Mo Ling crossing a small hill when an evil spirit annoyed him. He knelt on a rock to curse the spirit, leaving the impression of his knees on the stone. While there is no account of the stone today, it is said that the incident gave the name to the townland of Cloch na Mallacht (meaning "the stones of the curses").
- Ó Riain, Pádraig (2011). A Dictionary of Irish Saints. Four Courts Press. pp. 487–490. ISBN 978-1-84682-318-3.
- Stokes, Whitley (tr.), The Birth and the Life of St. Moling, London, 1907
- A Compendium of Irish Biography
- "St. Moling's Well", Enniskerry Local History
- "St. Mullins - ecclesiastical ruins", Carlow Tourism
- "St. Moling", St. Moling's Church, Monamolin
- "St. Moling's Trail", Carlow: Trails of the Saints
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Saint Moling.|
- Saint Moling et le Lépreux, a story about Moling and a leper, edited from UCD Franciscan Manuscript A9 and translated into French by Paul Grosjean S.J. at Thesaurus Linguae Hibernicae
- Johnston, Elva (2004), "Mo Ling (d. 697)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Online ed.), Oxford University Press, retrieved 2011-02-16