Saint Paul's Church, Tarsus
Tarsus and the churches
Tarsus, in the Cilicia of the antiquity, in what is now southern Turkey, was an important city during both ancient and medieval ages. The tombs of Daniel of the Bible, and the caliph Al-Ma'mun (786-833), are both in Tarsus. Saint Paul was a resident of Tarsus. He was born and lived in Tarsus as a Jew named Saul and after converting, made a number of missionary journeys during which he was arrested and beheaded by emperor Nero of Roman Empire in AD 64 or 67 on the 29th of June. After Saint Paul's death, Tarsus continued as an important city of the area. It became a part of the Byzantine Empire, the Abbasid Empire, the Seljuk Empire, the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia, the Ramadanids and the Ottoman Empire.
It is not known if there were any churches established by Paul in Tarsus. But in 1704 P. Lucas wrote that there was Roman style church which had been built by Saint Paul. V. Langlois who visited Tarsus in 1851 confirmed this. In his words, thick walls which resemble Roman style, windows which are narrower in outer side than inside, and thick columns are noticeable. But no other records exist to substantiate this claim.
Medieval Mersin's most important Christian sanctuary was the Armenian cathedral of Hagia Sophia, in which Leon I of Rubenid house was crowned by Konrad Von Wittelsbach, the Archbishop of Mainz and the representative of Pope, as the king of Cilician Kingdom of Armenia in 1198.
Saint Paul Church
According to tradition the building date of the Saint Paul Church is 1102, but the present structure, a domeless basilica, was built (or rebuilt) much later, in 1862. The entrance to its grounds is via an ornate gateway. The total area of the church building is 460 m2. The longer dimension of the building consists of face stone walls and blind vaults. The interior measures 19.30 m × 17.50 m (63.3 ft × 57.4 ft). In the north east corner stands an elevated belfry. The sides of the central nave window had been decorated by angels and landscape depictions. On the ceiling there are frescos of Jesus in the middle, and Mathew, Mark, Luke and John at the two sides.
The church has been put under protection since 1993 and a restoration work has been carried on during 1998-2000 period. Because of lack of community, regular services are not held. But ceremonies are held for groups of pilgrims. During Saint Pavlos year between 29 June 2008 and 29 June 2009, there was a number of special ceremonies and the closing ceremony of the year was held in Saint Paul's Church in Tarsus.
- Pocket Guide Mersin, MTSO,Ankara, pp 14-15
- A page about the church
- Page of Anatolian Churches
- Unesco list