Saint Petersburg Governorate

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Saint Petersburg Governorate
Санкт-Петербургская губерния
Governorate of Russian Empire

 

 

1708–1927
 

Coat of arms of Saint Petersburg

Coat of arms

Location of Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg Governorate in 1900
Capital Shlisselburg (until 1712)
Saint Petersburg
History
 -  Established December 18 (29), 1708
 -  Treaty of Åbo August 7, 1743
 -  Transformed into Leningrad Oblast August 1, 1927

Saint Petersburg Governorate (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́ргская губе́рния, Sankt-Peterburgskaya guberniya), or Government of Saint Petersburg, was an administrative division (a guberniya) of the Tsardom of Russia, the Russian Empire, and the Russian SFSR, which existed in 1708–1927.

Establishment[edit]

Territory of the Swedish realms as well as Ingria in 17th century

The governorate, together with seven other governorates, was established by Tsar Peter the Great's edict as Ingermanland Governorate (Ингерманла́ндская губе́рния, Ingermanlandskaya guberniya) on December 29 [O.S. December 18], 1708[1] on the territories conquered from the Swedish Empire in the Great Northern War. As with the rest of the governorates, neither the borders nor internal subdivisions of Ingermanland Governorate were defined; instead, the territory was defined as a set of cities and the lands adjacent to those cities.[2]

By another edict on June 3, 1710, the governorate was renamed St. Petersburg Governorate after the newly founded city of Saint Petersburg, and in 1721 the former Swedish of Duchy of Ingria, and parts of the County of Kexholm and the County of Viborg and Nyslott were formally ceded to Russia in the Treaty of Nystad. After the Treaty of Åbo in 1743, the parts of Kexholm and Viborg were joined with new territorial gains from Sweden into the Governorate of Vyborg (Russian: Выборгская губерния).

From August 18, 1914 to January 26, 1924 it was named Petrograd Governorate, and in 1924-1927 — Leningrad Governorate. It was abolished on August 1, 1927 when modern Leningrad Oblast was created.

Cities included into Ingermanland Governorate at the time of its establishment[1]
# City # City # City
1. St. Petersburg 12. Narva 23. Staraya Rusa
2. Beloozero 13. Olonets 24. Toropets
3. Bezhetskoy Verkh 14. Opochek 25. Torzhok
4. Derptskoy uyezd 15. Ostrov 26. Tver
5. Gdov 16. Porkhov 27. Uglich
6. Izborsk 17. Poshekhonye 28. Ustyuzhna Zheleznopolskaya
7. Kargopol 18. Pskov 29. Veliky Novgorod
8. Kashin 19. Romanov 30. Yamburg
9. Koporye 20. Rzheva pustaya (Zavolochye) 31. Yaroslavl
10. Ladoga 21. Rzheva Volodimirova
11. Luki Velikiye 22. Shlisselburg

Governorate administration[edit]

General Governors[edit]

Governors[edit]

Marshals of the nobility[edit]

Served as chair of the Assembly of Nobility

References[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]