Sainte-Pélagie Prison

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
By Eugène Atget, Sainte-Pélagie prison in 1898, destroyed in May 1899.

Sainte-Pélagie was a prison in Paris from 1790 to 1899. It saw many famous prisoners during the French revolution, with Madame Roland and Grace Dalrymple Elliott being the only female prisoners. After the revolution, the Marquis de Sade was imprisoned here, as was the young mathematician Évariste Galois. During the July Monarchy, the "April insurgees" were also detained there, and some managed to escape through an underground tunnel. Gustave Courbet was also imprisoned here for his activities in the Paris Commune. He painted a self-portrait titled, Self-Portrait at Ste.-Pélagie.

In Literature[edit]

In his 1841 novel Ursule Mirouët, Balzac has his character Savinien imprisoned in Sainte-Pélagie for incurring debts in excess of one hundred thousand francs.