Location within L'Île-d'Orléans RCM.
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Constituted||January 1, 1874|
|Named for||Saint Petronilla|
|• Mayor||Harold Noël|
|• Federal riding||Montmorency—Charlevoix
|• Prov. riding||Charlevoix–Côte-de-Beaupré|
|• Total||4.30 km2 (1.66 sq mi)|
|• Land||4.58 km2 (1.77 sq mi)|
|There is an apparent
contradiction between two
|• Density||227.2/km2 (588/sq mi)|
|• Pop 2006-2011||1.8%|
|Time zone||EST (UTC−5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC−4)|
|Postal code(s)||G0A 4C0|
|Area code(s)||418 and 581|
Sainte-Pétronille is a village municipality in the L'Île-d'Orléans Regional County Municipality in the Capitale-Nationale region of Quebec, Canada. It is situated on the south-western tip of Orléans Island, facing Quebec City.
Former notable residents include the Boswell family, who owned the Boswell Brewery in Quebec City from 1843 to 1952, and painter Horatio Walker, whose workshop remains.
In 1651, Jesuit missionaries came to the island and established a mission for Huron Indians who were displaced by attacking Iroquois. In 1759, General James Wolfe installed his headquarters there to monitor Quebec City and the two river channels of the Saint Lawrence River. After his victory at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham, the area became inhabited by well-to-do English colonists who were attracted by its romantic landscapes and its renowned microclimate. Consequently the cottage-style houses and garden landscaping gave the place a decidedly English character.
Since the topography was not well-suited for agriculture, the place became a fashionable summer resort by the mid 19th century. Hundreds of daytrippers would travel to Sainte-Pétronille by ferry for a Sunday stroll. In 1868, it became home to North America's first golf course, a three-hole course.
The religious parish of Sainte-Pétronille de Beaulieu was formed in 1870, named after Saint Petronilla (a Roman martyr of the first century), and honouring Jacques Gourdeau, sieur de Beaulieu et de la Grossardière, feudal lord of the area in the mid-17th century. The post office opened a year later under the name Beaulieu. In 1874, the Village Municipality of Beaulieu was established by separating from Saint-Pierre, becoming the youngest of the 6 municipalities on Orleans Island.
Since the village itself was almost exclusively called Sainte-Pétronille in common use, the municipality was renamed to its current name in 1980. The post office followed suit in 1991.
- Population in 2011: 1041 (2006 to 2011 population change: -1.8 %)
- Population in 2006: 1060
- Population in 2001: 1038
- Population in 1996: 1090
- Population in 1991: 1128
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 437 (total dwellings: 495)
- English as first language: 2.8%
- French as first language: 94.8%
- English and French as first language: 0%
- Other as first language: 2.4%
- "Sainte-Pétronille (Municipalité de village)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2009-10-20.
- Geographic code 20030 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (French)
- Statistics Canada 2011 Census - Sainte-Pétronille census profile
- "Sainte-Pétronille". Île d'Orléans Tourism. Retrieved 2009-10-20.
- Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
||Saint Lawrence River / Boischatel||Saint-Pierre-de-l'Île-d'Orléans|
|Saint Lawrence River / Quebec City (Beauport)||Saint-Laurent-de-l'Île-d'Orléans|
|Saint Lawrence River / Lévis|