||This article needs attention from an expert in sailing. (March 2012)|
The saintoise (French pronunciation: [sɛ̃twaz]; Antillean Creole: Sentwaz) or canot saintois (literally: dinghy from les Saintes) is a fishing boat without a deck, traditionally maneuverable with the sail or the ream. It is native to the les Saintes archipelago where it spread throughout the Lesser Antilles. The saintoise is an integral part of the heritage and the cultural identity of the archipelago. The practice of using sailing saintoises developed quickly in Guadeloupean water sports since around ten years ago[when?] when it became a new sport, the traditional sailboat racing.
The traditional saintoise is constructed from several types of wood to create the hull (spruce for the keel, mahogany for the edges and the floor, Tabebuia pallida for members and bow). Sails (foresail and mainsail) are linked to the mast and the boom (in bamboo) by lianas called ailes de ravèt (literally: wings of cockroach). The boom is longer than the mast. The boat is ballasted by rocks and is navigated by a crew of at least five persons, maintaining speed doing trapeze.
Numerous shipyards exist today in les Saintes, Guadeloupe and la Désirade.
The traditional saintoise is the work of carpenters from the Brittany navy, installed in les Saintes towards the 18th century, who designed it to practice for fishing. It is perfectly crafted to sail in the Caribbean Sea; its hollow and slender shape added to the foresail and the mainsail served to navigate in close hauled.
Upon the arrival of the outboard motor in the 1960s, Alain Foy, a carpenter from the navy of les Saintes, adapted the boat to the technology and created the motor-driven saintoise. It became unanimous with the fishermen of the Lesser Antilles, mainly in Guadeloupe, Dominica, Martinique, la Désirade, Marie Galante, Saint-Barthélemy and Saint-Martin where it replaced the unstable Gommier, a traditional fishing boat of Guadeloupe. The hull became more stable and adapted to the weight of the engine. Today, hulls previously crafted in wood are made in composite materials as well.
For a long time, the leisure the competition of regatta in the natural bay of les Saintes. The traditional saintoise became an appreciated sport in Guadeloupe and quickly became more democratic since the creation of the tour of Guadeloupe in Saintoise (T.G.V.T) in July, 2001. Its success has been growing each year.
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- "Homepage". Terre de Haut aux Saintes.