List of saints canonized by Pope Pius XII

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Main article: Pope Pius XII

Pope Pius XII (1939–1958) canonized numerous saints, including Pope Pius X and Maria Goretti. He beatified Pope Innocent XI.

The Saints[edit]

The first canonizations of Pope Pius XII were two women, the founder of a female order, Mary Euphrasia Pelletier, and a nanny and housekeeper, Gemma Galgani. Pelletier had a reputation for opening new ways for Catholic charities, helping people in difficulties with the law, who so far were neglected by the system and the Church. Galgani was an unknown woman whose virtue, charity and devotion became model by her canonization.[1]

The saints are:

No. Saint Date of Canonization
1. Mary Euphrasia Pelletier 2 May 1940
2. Gemma Galgani 2 May 1940
3. Margaret of Hungary 19 November 1943
4. Francesca S. Cabrini 7 July 1946
5. Nicholas of Flüe 15 May 1947
6. Bernardino Realino 22 June 1947
7. John de Brito 22 June 1947
8. Joseph Cafasso 22 June 1947
9. Jeanne-Elisabeth Bichier de Ages 6 July 1947
10. Michael Garicoits 6 July 1947
11. Louis de Montfort 20 July 1947
12. Catherine Labouré 20 July 1947
13. Jeanne de Lestonnac 15 May 1949
14. Maria Giuseppa Rossello 12 June 1949
15. Emilie de Rodat[2] 23 April 1950
16. Anthony Mary Claret 7 May 1950
17. Bartolomea Capitanio 18 May 1950
18. Vincenza Gerosa 18 May 1950
19. Joan of France, Duchess of Berry 28 May 1950
20. Vincent Strambi 11 June 1950
21. Maria Goretti[3] 24 June 1950
22. Mariana de Jesús de Paredes 9 July 1950
23. Emily de Vialar 24 June 1951
24. Maria Domenica Mazzarello 24 June 1951
25. Antonio Maria Gianelli 21 October 1951
26. Francis Bianchi 21 October 1951
27. Ignatius of Laconi 21 October 1951
28. Pope Pius X[4] 29 May 1954
29. Dominic Savio[5] 12 June 1954
30. Gaspar del Bufalo 12 June 1954
31. Joseph Pignatelli 12 June 1954
32. Maria Crocifissa di Rosa[6] 12 June 1954
33. Peter Chanel 12 June 1954

He named Saint Casimir the patron saint of all youth. Saint Catherine of Siena and Saint Francis of Assisi were named Patron Saints of Italy on 5 May 1940 just before Italy entered the Second World War.

Pope Pius XII opened the canonization procedures for Pope Pius IX, who was beatified by Pope John Paul II.[1]

Pius X[edit]

On 29 May 1954, less than three years after his beatification, Pius X was canonized, following recognition of two more miracles. The first involved Francesco Belsami, an attorney from Naples who had a fatal pulmonary abscess, who was cured after placing a picture of Pope Pius X upon his chest. The second miracle involved Sr. Maria Ludovica Scorcia, a nun who was afflicted with a serious neurotropic virus, and who, after several novenas, was entirely cured. The Canonization mass was presided over by Pius XII at Saint Peter's Basilica before a crowd of about 800,000[7] of the faithful and church officials at St. Peter's Basilica. Pius X became the first Pope to be canonized since the 17th century.

Maria Goretti[edit]

Pope Pius XII canonized Saint Maria Goretti as a virgin and martyr saint of the Roman Catholic Church. Maria's mother, nicknamed "Mamma Assunta" by her neighbors, was present at the ceremony; she was the first mother ever to attend the canonization ceremony of her child, along with her four remaining sons and daughters. Her murderer Serenelli also was present at the canonization[8]

Because of the huge number of visitors, the canonisation of Maria Goretti by Pope Pius XII, was held outside at Piazza San Pietro on June 24, 1950. The Pope spoke, not as before in Latin, but in Italian. "We order and declare, that the blessed Maria Goretti can be venerated as a Saint and We introduce her into the Canon of Saints". Some 500 000 people, among them a majority of youth, had come from around the World. Pope Pius asked them:

  • Young people, pleasure of the eyes of Jesus, are you determined to resist any attack on your chastity with the help of grace of God?

A resounding Yes was the answer.[9]

Innocent XI[edit]

Pope Innocent XI, personally a holy man, was highly controversial even hated, because of his opposition to the French monarchy and its aspirations for European hegemony; but also for his family's engagement in money-lending. He opposed French attempts to usurp the traditional liberties of the Church, for example in nominating its bishops. He opposed Gallicanism, the Gallican Liberties demanded by the French king. The case for his canonization was introduced in 1714 but the strong emotional and political influence of France forced a postponement until Pope Pius XII, who reintroduced the case, announced his beatification on 7 October 1956.[10]

Placet Eugenio[edit]

The Placet Eugenio was the required final approval by the Pope of proposed candidates. Not all, who had passed the Vatican tribunals, received the Placet Eugenio. In one instance, Pius found, that the candidate, supposedly a model of virtue, had consistently used foul language.[11] Refusing to accept the Vatican defense, that this kind of language was custom in that region, he stopped the proceedings shortly before their conclusion. Another person, belonging to a large religious order, was refused the honour of the altars, because he turned out to be a chain smoker. "Monsignore, as long as I am alive, this Causa will not find approval" This case too was almost completed and the relatives and members of the order were quite disappointed.[11]

American Saints[edit]

According to Halecki and Murray, Pius has shown a particular interest in the discovery and recognition of sanctity among American religious leaders and pioneers of the Church movement. The first “American” saint was canonized during his pontificate, when Mother Cabrini, an Italian born nun with American citizenship, was raised to sainthood in St. Peter’s Basilica.[12] Pius also accelerated the canonization of other Americans, including American born Mother Seton of Emmitsburg, Maryland, founder of the Sisters of Charity. Fourteen month after his death, she was declared Venerable and was later beatified by Pope John XXIII and canonized by Pope Paul VI. Pope Pius supported also the case of an American Indian women from the Mohawk tribe, Blessed Kateri Tekakwitha, who was declared “Venerable” by him in 1943.[13]

Beatifications[edit]

Among the persons beatified by Pius XII, a majority are women, with Spanish, Italian and French backgrounds:

and others.[14]

See also[edit]

Source[edit]

  • Oskar Halecki, James Murray, Jr. Pius XII, Eugenio Pacelli, Pope of Peace, New York, 1954
  • Pascalina Lehnert, Pius XII, Ich durfte ihm dienen, Würzburg, 1982
  • Jan Olav Smit, Pope Pius XII, London & Dublin 1951

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lehnert, 163
  2. ^ Pius XII beatified Emilie Rodat in 1940, and in 1950 canonized her.
  3. ^ Pius XII beatified and canonized Maria Goretti
  4. ^ Pius XII beatified Pius X in 1950 and canonized him in 1954
  5. ^ Pius XII beatified Dominic Savio in 1950 and canonized him in 1954.
  6. ^ Pius XII beatified her in 1940 in 1940
  7. ^ The Canon Process - Museo San Pio X
  8. ^ [1][2][3]
  9. ^ Vinzenz Ruef, Die Wahre Geschichte von der hl. Maria Goretti, Miriam, Jestetten, 1992, ISBN 3-87449-101-3 p.71
  10. ^ 1956.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Innocent_XI
  11. ^ a b Lehnert, 162
  12. ^ Oscar Hallecki, James Murray, Jr. Pius XII, Eugenio Pacelli, Pope of Peace, New York, 1954, p.380
  13. ^ The Daily Catholic, July 2000 http://www.dailycatholic.org/issue/2000Jul/jul14lit.htm
  14. ^ Jan Olav Smit, Pope Pius XII, London and Dublin 1951, pp 280-281