Sait Faik Abasıyanık

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Sait Faik Abasıyanık
Born (1906-11-18)November 18, 1906
Adapazarı, Turkey
Died May 11, 1954(1954-05-11) (aged 47)
Occupation short story writer
Nationality Turkish

Sait Faik Abasıyanık (18 November 1906 – 11 May 1954) was one of the greatest Turkish writers of short stories and poetry and considered an important literary figure of the 1940s.[1] He created a brand new style in Turkish literature and brought new life to Turkish short story writing with his harsh but humanistic portrayals of labourers, fishermen, children, the unemployed, the poor. His stories focused on the urban lifestyle and he portrayed the denizens of the darker places in Istanbul. He also explored the "...torments of the human soul and the agony of love and betrayal..."[2]

Biography[edit]

Born in Adapazarı, on the 18th of November, 1906,[3] he was educated in Bursa.[4] He enrolled in the Turcology Department of Istanbul University in 1928, but under pressure from his father went to Switzerland to study economics in 1930. He left school and lived from 1931 to 1935 in France (mainly Grenoble)[4] - an experience which made a deep impact on his art and character. After returning to Turkey he taught Turkish in Halıcıoğlu Armenian School for Orphans, and tried to follow his father's wishes and go into business but was unsuccessful. At this time he also began to publish his pieces in Varlik, a national periodical.[4]

In 1936, he published his first book of short stories, Semaver. The majority of his work were short stories; however in 1952 he wrote a novel, Bir Takım Insanlar, which was censored due to its portrayal of the class system.[4] A major theme of his was always the ocean and he spent most of his time in Burgazada (one of the Princes' Islands in the Marmara Sea). He was an honorary member of the International Mark Twain Society of St. Louis, Missouri.[citation needed] He died on May 11, 1954 in Istanbul.[4]

Sait Faik mostly published under the name Sait Faik, other pen names being Adalı ("Island dweller"), Sait Faik Adalı, and S. F..[citation needed] [[

File:Sait Faik Mezarı.jpg|thumb|250px|Grave of Sait Faik Abasıyanık and his mother Makbule]]

Bibliography[edit]

Pieces written by Sait
Year Name Translated name Type
1936 Semaver The Tea Urn Short stories[4]
1939 Sarnıç The Fountain Short stories
1940 Şahmerdan The Serpent Short stories
1948 Lüzumsuz Adam The Useless Man Short stories[4]
1950 Mahalle Kahvesi The Café House Short stories
1951 Havada Bulut Cloud in the Sky Short stories
1951 Kumpanya The Company Short stories[4]
1952 Havuz Başı The Poolside Short stories
1952 Bir Takım Insanlar A Group of People Novel[4]
Son Kuşlar The Last Birds Short stories
1953 Alemdağ'da Var Bir Yılan There's a Snake at Alem Mountain Short stories[4]
1953 Kayıp Aranıyor Looking for the Missing Novel
1953 Şimdi Sevişme Vakti Now, It is Time for Love Poetry
1954 Az Şekerli Just a Bit of Sugar Short stories

Legacy[edit]

Sait Faik left his wealth to the Darüşşafaka School for orphans. The Sait Faik foundation is still run by Darüşşafaka School, maintaining his Burgaz House as the Sait Faik Museum and since 1954 giving the annual Sait Faik Literature Prize to the best collection of short stories. The first Sait Faik Short Story prize winner was "Gazoz Ağacı" by Sabahattin Kudret Aksal and this most prestigious literary prize has been given so far to some of the best Turkish authors including Pınar Kür, Tomris Uyar, Füruzan and Nazlı Eray.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Evin 1999, p. 357
  2. ^ Evin 1984, p. 478
  3. ^ Bassett 2008, p. 52
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Hoiberg 1993, p. 7

References[edit]

  • Bassett, Jennifer (2008). The Meaning of Gifts: Stories From Turkey. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-478927-1. 
  • Evin, Ahmet Ö (1999) [1971]. "Turkish Literature". In Serafin, Steven R. Encyclopedia of World Literature in the 20th Century. 4: R-Z (3rd ed.). Farmington Hills, MI: St. James Press. ISBN 1-55862-377-9. 
  • Evin, Ahmet Ö (1984) [1971]. "Turkish Literature". In Klein, Leonard S. Encyclopedia of World Literature in the 20th Century. 4: R-Z (Revised ed.). New York, NY: Frederick Ungar Publishing Co. ISBN 0-8044-3138-8. 
  • Hoiberg, Dale H., ed. (1993). "Abasiyanık, Sait Faik". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1: A-ak Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, IL: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. ISBN 0-85229-961-3. LCCN 2002113989. 

External links[edit]

  • Translation of "Semaver" (The Samovar) into German by H. Ozkan
  • Translation of a collection of Sait Faik's Short Stories by renowned translator Talat Halman