Saiyid Nurul Hasan

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Saiyid Nurul Hasan
Saiyid Nurul Hasan 16.jpg
Governor of Odisha
In office
20 November 1988 – 6 February 1990
Preceded by Bishambhar Nath Pande
Succeeded by Yagya Datt Sharma
Governor of Odisha
In office
1 February 1993 – 31 May 1993
Preceded by Yagya Datt Sharma
Succeeded by B. Satya Narayan Reddy
Governor of West Bengal
In office
12 August 1986 – 1 March 1989
Preceded by Uma Shankar Dikshit
Succeeded by T. V. Rajeswar
Governor of West Bengal
In office
7 February 1990 – 4 January 1991
Preceded by T. V. Rajeswar
Succeeded by K. V. Raghunatha Reddy
14th Governor of West Bengal
In office
25 January 1991 – 3 January 1992
Preceded by K. V. Raghunatha Reddy
Succeeded by Mohammad Shafi Qureshi
16th Governor of West Bengal
Preceded by Mohammad Shafi Qureshi
Succeeded by Mohammad Shafi Qureshi
18th Governor of West Bengal
In office
30 November 1992 – 12 July 1993
Preceded by Mohammad Shafi Qureshi
Succeeded by B. Satya Narayan Reddy
Personal details
Born (1921-12-26)26 December 1921
Lucknow, British India
Died 12 July 1993(1993-07-12) (aged 71)
Calcutta, India
Spouse(s) Nawabzadi Khurshid Laqa Begum Sahiba
Occupation Historian, politician, diplomat

Saiyid Nurul Hasan (1921-1993) was an eminent Indian historian and an elder statesman in the Government of India. A member of the Rajya Sabha, he was the Union Minister of State (with Independent Charges) of Education, Social Welfare and Culture, Government of India (1971-1977) and the Governor of Bengal and Odisha (1986-1993).[1][2][3]

Background[edit]

Hasan was born in Lucknow, India. He belonged to a prominent and progressive Taluqdari (madad-i ma'ash) family of the United Provinces, members of which excelled in politics and education. He was the son of Saiyid Abdul Hasan and Nur Fatima Begum. His father was a District Settlement Officer and later President of the Court of Wards in the United Provinces. His maternal grandfather was Sir Sayed Wazir Hasan, Chief Justice of the Court of Oudh and a well known President of the Muslim League, who had called for Hindu-Muslim unity in 1936. He was married to Nawabzadi Khurshid Laqa Begum Sahiba, the eldest daughter of Nawab Raza Ali Khan of Rampur, a 15 Gun Salute State in the former United Provinces. They have two children, Sayyid Sirajul Hasan, an eminent physicist, who is the Director of the Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore and Sayyida Talat Fatima Hasan, who is a very successful entrepreneur in the USA.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

He was educated at La Martiniere Boys' College in Kolkata,.[4] He complete his graduation from Muir Central College, Allahabad, where he was a student of Professor R.P. Tripathi. Later he went to New College, Oxford, where he completed an M.A. and D.Phil. in Indian history. In Oxford he was the President of the Oxford India Majlis.[citation needed]

Career[edit]

Academic[edit]

He began his academic career as a Lecturer in History at the School of Oriental and African Studies, London. He was appointed as Professor in the Department of History at Aligarh Muslim University, of which he was a Chairperson as well. He contributed greatly to the growth of the History department in Aligarh in its initial years. Later he became the General Secretary and then the President of the Indian History Congress. He was a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society and the Royal Asiatic Society in London.

After becoming the Union Education Minister in 1972 he founded the Indian Council of Historical Research, New Delhi. He was also the architect behind the setting up of 27 social science research institutes in India under the aegis of the Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR), New Delhi, such as the Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, Calcutta (1973). As the Education Minister he was instrumental in improving the career promotion scheme of college and university teachers in India. ensuring that everybody in the academic profession could become a Professor before retirement. He was also instrumental in starting the 10+2+3 system of education at the High School, Junior College and undergraduate levels. When he was the Governor of West Bengal, he founded the Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies, Calcutta (1993) as its first chairman.[5]

Political[edit]

A secularist with an abiding faith in leftism and humanism, Hasan was a member of the Rajya Sabha from 1969-1978. From 1971 to 1977, he was the Union Minister of State (with independent charge) for Education, Social Welfare & Culture in the Government of India. From 1977 to 1980 he was Vice President of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), New Delhi. He served as Ambassador of India to the Soviet Union from 1983 to 1986.[6] He was the Governor of West Bengal from 1986 to 1989 and 1989 to 1993 and also the Governor of Odisha in 1989.

He died of renal failure in Calcutta, West Bengal in 1993. The Nurul Hasan Education Foundation is named after him.[7]

Publications[edit]

  • Religion, State, and Society in Medieval India : Collected Works of S. Nurul Hasan (Satish Chandra, editor). New Delhi : Oxford University Press, 2005. - viii, 335 S. : Kt. ISBN 0-19-566765-4 / 978-019566765-3
  • Sufis, Sultans and Feudal Orders : Professor Nurul Hasan Commemoration Volume (Mansura Haidar, editor), 2004.
  • Studies in archaeology and history: commemoration volume of Prof. S. Nurul Hasan, Publisher: Rampur Raza Library, 2003. ISBN 81-87113-57-X.

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Siddhartha Shankar Ray
Union Minister of Education, Social Welfare and Culture
1972–1977
Succeeded by
Pratap Chandra Chunder
Preceded by
V.K. Ahuja
Ambassador to the Soviet Union
1983–1986
Succeeded by
T.N. Kaul
Preceded by
Uma Shankar Dikshit (first term); T.V. Rajeswar (second term)
Governor of West Bengal
1986–1989 (first term); 1990–1993 (second term)
Succeeded by
T.V. Rajeswar (first term); B. Satya Narayan Reddy (second term)
Preceded by
Bishambhar Nath Pande (first term); Yagya Dutt Sharma (second term)
Governor of Odisha
1988–1990 (first term); February 1993 – May 1993 (second term)
Succeeded by
Yagya Dutt Sharma (first term); B. Satya Narayan Reddy (second term)