Sajad

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For the Romanian village of Şiad, called Sajád in Hungarian, see Craiva.
Sajad
Sajad is located in Mandatory Palestine
Sajad
Sajad
Arabic سجد
Name meaning Kh. es Sejed, the ruin of adoration [1]
Subdistrict Ramle
Coordinates 31°47′00.31″N 34°53′34.00″E / 31.7834194°N 34.8927778°E / 31.7834194; 34.8927778Coordinates: 31°47′00.31″N 34°53′34.00″E / 31.7834194°N 34.8927778°E / 31.7834194; 34.8927778
Population 370[2] (1945)
Area 2,795[2] dunams
Date of depopulation 1948[3]
Cause(s) of depopulation
Current localities Israeli military zone

Sajad (Arabic: سجد‎) was a Palestinian village in the Ramle Subdistrict. It was located sixteen kilometers south of Ramla. It was depopulated during the 1948 Arab–Israeli war.[4]

History[edit]

The village of Sajad was the site of a railway station built by the French in Ottoman era Palestine. In August 1892, the Jaffa–Jerusalem railway service was initiated; the train stopped in Sajad.[5][6] The station was closed after a new railway line and station were built at nearby Wadi Sarar in 1915.[7] The land which the villagers cultivated, was at one time owned by the Ottoman sultan Abd al-Hamid, but it was taken from him by the Ottoman government in 1908. After this, the village land was classified as jiftlik land, owned by the government but leased on a long-term basis to the villagers.[8]

The village did not have a school on its own, but in 1945-46 it started sending its students to a school in Qazaza, a village to the southeast.[9]

1948 and after[edit]

A military operation planned by the pre-state Israeli forces against the village of Sajad as part of Operation Nahshon is recorded in a document from the Nahshon Headquarters to the 52nd Battalion, dated 15 April 1948.[10] According to Benny Morris, "Battalion 3 was ordered to annihilate and destroy the village of Sajad."[10] According to Khalidi the village was taken on 9–10 July as part of the Givati Brigade's Operation An-Far.[11]

Today[edit]

There are Palestinian refugees from Sajad who still long to return to the site of their former village and who express deep distrust of other Arab countries in which they live as refugees.

According to Walid Khalidi, the site of the former village of Sajad is inaccessible, as it is now a military zone in Israel.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 271
  2. ^ a b Hadawi, 1970, p.68
  3. ^ Morris, 2004, p.xix, village #264. Gives "not known" as to date and cause of depopulation.
  4. ^ a b "Welcome to Sajad". Palestine Remembered. Retrieved 2008-02-22. 
  5. ^ Rafiq (1990):961. Cited in Khalidi, 1992, p.409
  6. ^ Wahrman, Jacob; Shafir, Ron; Wahrman, Dror. "The Vanishing Station at Sejed". ISSN 0334-4657. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  7. ^ Gilbar, 1990, p. 209.
  8. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 409
  9. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 405, p. 410
  10. ^ a b Morris, 2004, pp. 235, 293-294.
  11. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 410

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]