Sakae Tamura (photographer)

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This article is about a photographer of portraits and other general subjects. For the nature photographer, see Sakae Tamura (nature photographer).
Tamura's photograph Shiroi hana ("White flower") appearing on the cover of the large catalogue of the exhibition "The Founding and Development of Modern Photography in Japan", held by the Tokyo Metropolitan Museum of Photography in 1995.

Sakae Tamura (田村 榮 Tamura Sakae?, September 17, 1906 - July 22, 1987) was a Japanese photographer, prominent in the years before the war.

Born in Ōtsu, Shiga Prefecture,[1] Tamura graduated from the Tokyo College of Photography (東京写真専門学校, Tōkyō Shashin Senmon Gakkō; now Tokyo Polytechnic University) and entered Oriental (オリエンタル写真工, Orientaru Shashin Kōgyō) in 1928 and became editor of Photo Times. He was an active contributor to the magazine Geijutsu Shashin Kenkyū and in the group Nihon Kōga Kyōkai (日本光画協会), created in 1928 and related to Nihon Kōga Geijutsu Kyōkai (日本光画芸術協会). He was a leading figure in the New Photography Research Society (新興写真研究会, Shinkō Shashin Kenkyūkai), formed in 1930.

Tamura's work was influenced both by pictorialism and by New Photography.

Tamura is particularly known for his portraits, and Shiroi hana (白い花, White flower, 1931) is the best known of these and widely anthologized.[2] Okatsuka says that it expresses a certain lyricism but “displays a more sophisticated sense of maturity” than the works of his contemporaries Masataka Takayama and Jun Watanabe.[3]

Books by Tamura[edit]

  • Seibutsu shashin no utsushikata (静物写真の写し方). Tokyo: Sōgeisha, 1952. A guide to photographing still lifes.
  • Sakuga no daiippo (作画の第一歩[4]). Tokyo: Genkōsha, 1954. A guide to the practice of photography.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Matsumoto claims — in “Sakka kaisetsu” (作家解説, About the photographers) — that he was born in Tokyo; this article instead follows the Biographic Dictionary and Founding as later and perhaps better informed works.
  2. ^ Handsome reproductions of two different versions appear as plate 52 of Matsumoto, ed., Collection (reddish), and plates 32 and 93 of Founding and Tucker, ed., History respectively (much more neutral).
  3. ^ Akiko Okatsuka, in Founding, 20.
  4. ^ On the cover, a nonstandard glyph is used for 画: 二 enclosing 田.

Sources[edit]

  • Kaneko Ryūichi. “The Origins and Development of Japanese Art Photography.” Pp. 100–42 of Tucker, ed., History. Pp. 110–13, 137. (English)
  • Matsuda Takako. “Tamura Sakae”. In Tucker, ed., History, p. 363. (English)
  • Matsumoto Norihiko. (松本徳彦), ed. A Collection of Japanese Photographs 1912–1940. Tokyo: Shashinkosha, 1990. (Japanese) Despite its English-only title, the book is in Japanese only. It is a lavish production (if unpaginated), not offered for sale and instead presumably distributed to customers.
  • Nihon kindai shashin no seiritsu to tenkai (日本近代写真の成立と展開) / The Founding and Development of Modern Photography in Japan. Tokyo: Tokyo Museum of Photography, 1995. (English) (Japanese)
  • Nihon no shashinka (日本の写真家) / Biographic Dictionary of Japanese Photography. Tokyo: Nichigai Associates, 2005. ISBN 4-8169-1948-1. (Japanese) Despite the English-language alternative title, all in Japanese.
  • Taidan: Shashin kono gojūnen (対談:写真この五十年, Discussions: The last fifty years of photography). Edited by the staff of Asahi Camera. Tokyo: Asahi Shinbunsha, 1974. (Japanese) Ihei Kimura interviews Tamura in chapter 7, "Shinkō shashin tezukuri no aji" (新興写真手作りの味).
  • Tucker, Anne Wilkes, et al. The History of Japanese Photography. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003. ISBN 0-300-09925-8. (English)