Sakai Tadayuki

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Sakai Tadayuki (酒井 忠進?, April 4, 1770 – March 12, 1828) was a Japanese daimyo of the mid to late Edo period, who ruled the Obama Domain.[1]

The Sakai were identified as one of the fudai or insider daimyō clans which were hereditary vassals or allies of the Tokugawa clan,[2] in contrast with the tozama or outsider clans.

Sakai clan genealogy[edit]

Tadayuki was part of a cadet branch of the Sakai which had been created in 1590.[3]

The fudai Sakai clan originated in 14th century Mikawa province.[3] The Sakai claim descent from Minamoto Arichika. Arichika had two sons: one of them, Yasuchika, took the name Matsudaira; and the other son, Chikauji, took the name Sakai—and this samurai ancestor is the progenitor of this clan's name.[4]

Sakai Hirochika, who was the son of Chikauji, had two sons, and their descendants gave rise to the two main branches of the Sakai clan. Hirochika's younger son, Sakai Masachika, served several Tokugawa clan leaders -- Nobutada, Kiyoyasu and Hirotada; and in 1561, Masachika was made master of Nishio Castle in Mikawa.[4]

Sakai Sigetada, who was the son of Masachika, received the fief of Kawagoe Domain in Musashi province in 1590; and then in 1601, Sigetada was transferred to Umayabashi Domain in Kōzuke province.[5]

Sakai Tadakatsu (1587–1662), who was Sigetada's son, was transferred in 1634 to Obama Domain in Wakasa province where his descendants resided until the Meiji period.[5] In a gesture demonstrating special favor to the Sakai, the second shogun, Hidetada, allowed the use of his personal Tada- in the name Tadakatsu.[6]

The head of this clan line was ennobled as a "Count" in the Meiji period.[5]

Tokugawa official[edit]

Tadayuki served the Tokugawa shogunate as its thirty-seventh Kyoto shoshidai in the period spanning January 25, 1809 through May 23, 1815.[1]

References[edit]

Emblem (mon) of the Sakai clan
  1. ^ a b Meyer, Eva-Maria."Gouverneure von Kyôto in der Edo-Zeit." Universität Tübingen (in German).
  2. ^ Appert, Georges. (1888). Ancien Japon, pp. 76-77.
  3. ^ a b Appert, p.76.
  4. ^ a b Papinot, Jacques. (2003). Nobiliare du Japon -- Sakai, pp. 50-51; Papinot, Jacques Edmond Joseph. (1906). Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie du Japon. (in French/German).
  5. ^ a b c Papinot, p. 51.
  6. ^ Plutschow, Herbert. (1995). "Japan's Name Culture: The Significance of Names in a Religious, Political and Social Context, p.53.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Sakai Tadatsura
__th Lord of Obama
1806-1828
Succeeded by
Sakai Tadayori
Preceded by
Abe Masayoshi
36th Kyoto Shoshidai
1808-1815
Succeeded by
Ōkubo Tadazane