Saky

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Saky
Саки
Saq
Flag of Saky
Flag
Coat of arms of Saky
Coat of arms
Saky is located in Autonomous Republic Crimea
Saky
Saky
Location of Saky within Crimea
Coordinates: 45°8′1″N 33°34′38″E / 45.13361°N 33.57722°E / 45.13361; 33.57722Coordinates: 45°8′1″N 33°34′38″E / 45.13361°N 33.57722°E / 45.13361; 33.57722
Country disputed
 Ukraine  Russia
Republic  Crimea
Region Saky City Municipality
Area
 • Total 29 km2 (11 sq mi)
Elevation 10 m (30 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 23,741
 • Density 983.52/km2 (2,547.3/sq mi)
Time zone MSK (UTC+4)
Postal code 96500 — 96509
Area code(s) +380 6563

Saky (Ukrainian: Саки, Crimean Tatar: Saq) is a city in the Crimean peninsula, currently subject to a territorial dispute between the Russian Federation and Ukraine. Although it is the administrative centre of the Saky Raion, the city is directly subordinate to the Republic. Saky has a population of 29,416 (2001). The city is home to Novofedorivka, a major military air base of the Ukrainian Navy.[1]

Saky city council member Oleg Kolodyazhny (Our Ukraine) was shot dead in Saky on June 29, 2010.[2][3]

History[edit]

The exact origin of the present town of Saky is unknown. At the time of the Crimean Khanate, Saky was a small village. In 1805, Saky had less than 400 people, more than 95 percent of whom were Crimean Tatars. In 1827, the first bathhouse was built and ten years later an office of the military hospital of Simferopol.

During the Crimean War, the allied forces landed near Saky between Saky Lake and Kyzyl-Yar Lake and besieged Sevastopol. At the beginning of February 1855, the troops of General Stepan Aleksandrovich Khroulev focused on Saky before attacking the enemy in the fortifications of Evpatoria. The village was completely destroyed by bombing.

After the Crimean War, during the second wave of emigration of Crimean Tatars, the Tatar population of Saky abandoned the ruined village. In 1858, migrants from the region of Poltava settled there, followed a little later by the Greeks of Constantinople.

In February 1945, the British and American delegations at the Yalta conference landed on the airfield in Saky.

External links[edit]

References[edit]