Sakichi Toyoda

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Sakichi Toyoda
豊田 佐吉
Sakichi Toyoda new.png
Born February 14, 1867 (1867-02-14)
Japan
Died October 30, 1930 (1930-10-31) (aged 63)
Japan
Occupation Founder, Toyota Industries, which eventually spawned the Toyota Group

Sakichi Toyoda (豊田 佐吉 Toyoda Sakichi?, February 14, 1867 – October 30, 1930) was a Japanese inventor and industrialist. He was born in Kosai, Shizuoka. The son of a poor carpenter, Toyoda is referred to as the "King of Japanese Inventors".

Career[edit]

Sakichi Toyoda is often referred to as the father of the Japanese industrial revolution. He is also the founder of Toyota Industries Co., Ltd.

He invented numerous weaving devices. His most famous invention was the automatic power loom in which he implemented the principle of Jidoka (autonomous automation). The principle of Jidoka, which means that the machine stops itself when a problem occurs, became later a part of the Toyota Production System.

Toyoda developed the concept of 5 Whys: When a problem occurs, ask "why" five times to try to find the source of the problem, then put into place something to prevent the problem from recurring. This concept is used today as part of applying lean methodologies to solve problems, improve quality, and reduce costs.

Family tree[edit]

The descendants of Sakichi Toyoda who established Toyoda Automatic Loom Works, have long dominated the upper management of Toyota Motors, which was incorporated in 1937. Shoichiro Toyoda was born in Nagoya on February 17, 1925,[1] the son of Kiichiro Toyoda, who would become the president of Toyota between 1941 and 1950;[2] and in due course, Shoichiro Toyoda became president of the company between 1982 and 1992. His 52-year old son, Akio Toyoda, was the chief contender for the office of president when Katsuaki Watanabe relinquished that post to become Chairman;[3] and the expectation was confirmed in 2009.[4]


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sasuke
 
Heikichi
 
 
 
Asako
 
Sakichi
 
Tami
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eiji
 
Rizaburo
 
Aiko
 
Kiichiro
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shuei
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tatsuro
 
Shoichiro
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Akio

References[edit]

  1. ^ International Directory of Business Biographies: Shoichiro Toyoda
  2. ^ Shirouzu, Norihiko. "Toyota Family Member Vies for the Top Job," Wall Street Journal. December 24, 2008.
  3. ^ Shirouzu, Norihiko and John Murphy. "Toyota to Change Leader Amid Global Sales Slump." Wall Street Journal. December 24, 2008.
  4. ^ Kubo, Nobuhiro and Chang-Ran Kim. "Toyota confirms Akio Toyoda as New President," Reuters. June 23, 2009.

External links[edit]