Sakir-Har

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The obscure Hyksos king, Sakir-Har, was discovered in an excavated door jamb from Tell el-Dab'a of Ancient Egypt by Manfred Bietak in the 1990s. His titulary (Nebti and Golden Falcon names, as well as his nomen) appear on door jamb Cairo TD-8316.[1] According to Kim Ryholt's 1997 book on the Second Intermediate Period, the door jamb reads as,

z
k
r
h
r
Sakir-Har
in hieroglyphs
[Horus who... ...], The possessor of the Wadjet and Nekhbet diadems who subdues the bow people. The Golden Falcon who establishes his boundary. The heka-khawaset, Sakir-Har. [2][3]

The door jamb confirms the identity of Sakir-Har as one of the first three kings of the Hyksos Fifteenth dynasty of Egypt. His immediate successor would have been the powerful Hyksos ruler, Khyan, if he was the third Hyksos king of this dynasty, but Sakir-Har's precise position within this dynasty has not yet been established. The name Sakir-Har translates as 'Reward of Har.'[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kim Ryholt, The Political Situation in Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period c.1800-1550 B.C., Museum Tuscalanum Press, 1997. p.120
  2. ^ Ryholt, p.123
  3. ^ Charlotte Booth, The Hyksos period in Egypt, A Shire Egyptology Book, 2005. p.31 [1]
  4. ^ Ryholt, pp.127-128

Bibliography[edit]

  • I. Hein (ed), Pharaonen und Fremde - Dynastien im Dunkeln, Vienna 1994, 150-152, No. 126 (photographic picture of the door jamb)
  • Kim Ryholt, The Political Situation in Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period c.1800-1550 B.C., Museum Tuscalanum Press, (1997), 463 pages, ISBN 87-7289-421-0
Preceded by
Salitis?
Pharaoh of Egypt
Fifteenth Dynasty
Succeeded by
Khyan?