Sakura Sakura

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This article is about the Japanese folk song. For the Japanese visual novel of the same name, see Sakura Sakura (visual novel).
Score of "Sakura"

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"Sakura Sakura" (さくら さくら?, "Cherry blossoms, cherry blossoms"), also known as "Sakura", is a traditional Japanese folk song depicting spring, the season of cherry blossoms. Contrary to popular belief, the song did not originate in ancient times; it was a popular, urban melody of the Edo period and was adopted as a piece for beginning koto students in the Tokyo Academy of Music Collection of Japanese Koto Music issued in 1888 (in English) by the Department of Education.[1] The song has been popular since the Meiji period, and the lyrics in their present form were attached then. It is often sung in international settings as a song representative of Japan.

In 2007, it was selected for Nihon no Uta Hyakusen, a collection of songs and nursery rhymes widely beloved in Japan.

Melody[edit]

The "Sakura Sakura" melody is pentatonic using scale degrees 1, 3, 4, 6, and 7 (C, E, F, A, B), also known as Do, Mi, Fa, La, and Si in solfège.

Lyrics[edit]

The original lyrics[2] are listed as the second verse. In 1941, the Japanese Ministry of Education published an additional verse in Uta no hon (うたのほん 教師用 下), listing it first before the original verse.[3]

Standard Hiragana Romaji Translation

桜 桜
野山も里も
見渡す限り
霞か雲か
朝日に匂う
桜 桜
花ざかり

桜 桜
弥生の空は
見渡す限り
霞か雲か
匂いぞ 出ずる
いざや いざや
見に行かん

さくら さくら
のやま も さと も
みわたす かぎり
かすみ か くも か
あさひ に におう
さくら さくら
はな ざかり

さくら さくら
やよい の そら は
みわたす かぎり
かすみ か くも か
におい ぞ いずる
いざや いざや
みに ゆかん

sakura sakura
noyama mo sato mo
mi-watasu kagiri
kasumi ka kumo ka
asahi ni niou
sakura sakura
hana zakari


sakura sakura
yayoi no sora wa
mi-watasu kagiri
kasumi ka kumo ka
nioi zo izuru
izaya izaya
mini yukan

Cherry blossoms, cherry blossoms,
In fields and villages
As far as you can see.
Is it a mist, or clouds?
Fragrant in the morning sun.
Cherry blossoms, cherry blossoms,
Flowers in full bloom.

Cherry blossoms, cherry blossoms,
Across the spring sky,
As far as you can see.
Is it a mist, or clouds?
Fragrant in the air.
Come now, come now,
Let's look, at last!

Variations[edit]

Dream of the Cherry Blossoms by Keiko Abe, a virtuoso percussionist, is a five-minute piece for marimba. This piece is based on "Sakura Sakura" and has become popular in the marimba repertoire. Yukihiro Yoko, a classical guitarist, made an arrangement for his instrument, a theme with variations, in which he uses different guitar techniques to imitate the sound of the koto.[citation needed]

Alfred Reed's Fifth Symphony "Sakura" is based on this folk song.

Because the melody spans a modest range, it is ideally suited to instruments that have a limited pitch range, such as the Native American Flute.[4]

In 2013 Marc Edwards recorded an album featuring 3 20 minute versions of Sakura Sakura, in a free jazz electric guitar style.[5][6][7]

In popular culture[edit]

  • The melody of "Sakura Sakura" is incorporated into numerous segments of Giacomo Puccini's opera Madama Butterfly.
  • BABYMETAL used a part of "sakura, sakura" in their song "Megitsune" which was released on June 19, 2013.
  • Cat Stevens used the melody of "Sakura Sakura" at the intro in the live version of his "Hard Headed Woman" song, during his 1976 Earth Tour that was later released on his album and DVD entitled Majikat.
  • Bon Jovi sampled "Sakura Sakura" at the opening of their song "Tokyo Road," featured on their 1985 7800° Fahrenheit album.
  • Sakura Sakura is used as Tokugawa's diplomacy theme in the 2005 game Civilization IV.
  • Led Zeppelin's John Paul Jones performed a version of "Sakura" in his organ solo at the Nagoya, Japan October 5, 1972 show.
  • In The Legend of The Five Rings, Muramasa Ando played this song only days before he was infected and couldn't pass the Kaiu Wall.
  • A techno dance remix of "Sakura Sakura", titled simply "桜" ("Sakura"), was created for the Konami game Beatmania IIDX and later appeared in the DDR series from Dance Dance Revolution Extreme onwards. It was attributed to RevenG, a pseudonym used by Konami composer Naoki Maeda for songs with an ethnic Asian feel.
  • The rock band Thrice used an altered version of the melody of Sakura Sakura in their song 'Music Box' which appeared in their fourth album Vheissu, released in 2005.
  • The song is in the Tamagotchi Music Star as an Asian-genre song.
  • An extract from the song was also used as part of Piston Honda's fight introduction in the NES game Mike Tyson's Punch-Out!!.
  • In 2012, the second verse was sung by the android 'Kara' in a trailer made by Quantic Dream to demonstrate their motion capture technology.
  • A part of the melody can be heard on the campaign map of the Total War: Shogun 2 strategy video game.
  • Sakura Sakura ~Japanize Dream from Perfect Cherry Blossom is based on the familiar song.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tsuge Gen'ichi. Sakura. International Shakuhachi Society website.
  2. ^ Tokyo Academy of Music, Collection of Koto Music 東京音楽学校編 「箏曲集」 Tōkyō ongaku gakkō hen, Sōkyokushū. Tokyo, Japan. 1888. 
  3. ^ Uta no hon, kyōiku-yō, ge 「うたのほん 教師用 下」 (Book of Songs, Volume 2, for Educational Use). Tokyo, Japan: Monbushō (文部省). 1941. 
  4. ^ Clint Goss (2011). "Sakura Sakura - Sheet music for the Native American Flute". Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  5. ^ "Sakura Sakura (3 variations) | Marc Edwards". Marcedwards.bandcamp.com. 2013-10-22. Retrieved 2014-07-16. 
  6. ^ Applegate, Grego (2014-04-17). "Gapplegate Guitar and Bass Blog: avant free psychedelic metal jazz rock". Gapplegateguitar.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2014-07-16. 
  7. ^ "DogAndPanda Records". Dogandpanda.com. Retrieved 2014-07-16. 

External links[edit]