Sakura Domain

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Remnants of moat of Sakura Castle

Sakura Domain (佐倉藩 Sakura-han?) was a Japanese domain of the Edo period, located in Shimōsa Province (modern-day Chiba Prefecture), Japan.

In the han system, Sakura was a political and economic abstraction based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields.[1] In other words, the domain was defined in terms of kokudaka, not land area.[2] This was different from the feudalism of the West.

History[edit]

The domain was centered on Sakura Castle in what is now part of the city of Sakura. It was ruled for most of its history by the Hotta clan.

Sakura Domain was originally created for Takeda Tadateru, a son of Tokugawa Ieyasu in 1593, near the site of an ancient castle of the Chiba clan, which had fallen into ruins in the early Sengoku period. The domain subsequently passed through a bewildering number of hands during the 1600s, before coming under the control of the Hotta clan in the mid-18th century. During the Bakumatsu period, Hotta Masayoshi was one of the major proponents of rangaku and an ending to the country’s national isolation policy. He was one of the signers of the Treaty of Amity and Commerce with the United States. His son, Hotta Masatomo was a key supporter of the Tokugawa shogunate in the early stages of the Boshin War. After the Meiji Restoration, he was pardoned, and eventually made a count (hakushaku) in the kazoku peerage.

List of daimyō[edit]

# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Takeda Nobuyoshi (武田信吉?) 1593–1602 -none- -none- 40,000 koku
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Matsudaira Tadateru (松平忠輝?) 1602–1603 Sakone-no-shosho Lower 4th (従四位下) 50,000 koku
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Ogasawara Yoshitsugu (小笠原吉次?) 1603–1608 Izumi-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 22,000 koku
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Doi Toshikatsu (土井利勝?) 1608–1633 大炊頭 Jiju Lower 4th (従四位下) 32,000 – 142,000 koku
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Ishikawa Tadafusa (石川忠総?) 1633–1634 Tonomo-no-kami Lower 4th (従四位下) 70,000 koku
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Matsudaira Ienobu ( 松平家信?) 1634-1638 Kii-no-kami Lower 4th (従四位下) 40,000 koku
2 Matsudaira Ienobu ( 松平康信?) 1638–1640 Wakasa-no-kami Lower 4th (従四位下) 40,000 koku
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Hotta Masamori ( 堀田正盛?) 1642-1651 Dewa-no-kami Lower 4th (従四位下) 110,000 koku
2 Hotta Masanobu ( 堀田正信?) 1651–1660 Kozuke-no-suke Lower 5th (従五位下) 110,000 koku
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Matsudaira Norihisa (松平乗久?) 1661–1678 Izumi-no-kami Lower 4th (従五位下) 60,000 koku
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Ōkubo Tadatomo (松平乗久?) 1678–1686 Kaga-no-kami Lower 4th (従四位下) 83,000 – 93,000 koku
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Toda Tadamasa (戸田 忠昌?) 1686–1699 Yamashiro-no-kami Lower 4th (従四位下) 61,000 – 71,000 koku
1 Toda Tadazane (戸田忠真?) 1699–1701 Yamashiro-no-kami Lower 4th (従四位下) 71,000 koku
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Inaba Masamichi (稲葉正往?) 1701–1707 Tango-no-kami Lower 4th (従四位下) 102,000 koku
2 Inaba Masatomo (稲葉正知?) 1707–1723 Tango-no-kami Lower 4th (従四位下) 102,000 koku
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Matsudaira Norisato (松平乗邑?) 1723–1745 Izumi-no-kami Lower 4th (従四位下) 60,000 koku
2 Matsudaira Norisuke (松平乗祐?) 1745–1746 Izumi-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 60,000 koku
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Hotta Masasuke ( 堀田正亮?) 1746–1761 Sagami-no-kami Lower 4th (従四位下) 12,000 koku
2 Hotta Masanari ( 堀田正順?) 1761–1805 Sagami-no-kami Lower 4th (従四位下) 12,000 koku
3 Hotta Masatoki ( 堀田正時?) 1805–1811 Sagami-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 12,000 koku
4 Hotta Masachika ( 堀田正愛?) 1811–1824 Sagami-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 12,000 koku
5 Hotta Masayoshi ( 堀田正睦?) 1825–1859 Sagami-no-kami Lower 4th (従四位下) 10,000 koku
6 Hotta Masatomo ( 堀田正倫?) 1859–1871 Buzen-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 10,000 koku

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mass, Jeffrey P. and William B. Hauser. (1987). The Bakufu in Japanese History, p. 150.
  2. ^ Elison, George and Bardwell L. Smith (1987). Warlords, Artists, & Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, p. 18.

Further reading[edit]

  • Bolitho, Harold (1974). Treasures among men; the fudai daimyo in Tokugawa Japan. New Haven: Yale University Press.
  • Kodama Kōta 児玉幸多, Kitajima Masamoto 北島正元 (1966). Kantō no shohan 関東の諸藩. Tokyo: Shin Jinbutsu Ōraisha.

External links[edit]