Salaat (Muslim)

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For the Muslim prayer, see Salat.

The Salaat are Muslim community found in the state of Gujarat in India. They are Muslim converts from the Hindu Salaat caste.[1]

History and Origins[edit]

The name Salaat is a derivative of the word saliya meaning stone. There traditional occupation was stone cutting. The community originated in Sindh and migrated to Jalore in Rajasthan. In the 16th Century, the Nawab of Palanpur invited a few Salaats to work in his quarries. They are found mainly in Palanpur, with small numbers in Ahmedabad and Baroda. The community speak Gujarati, with substantial Marwari loanwords. The community are distantly related to the Silawat community of Rajasthan.[2]

Present circumstances[edit]

The Salat are an endogamous community, with marriages arranged with a close kin. In addition to stone cutting, the community are also masons, involved in the building of mosques and temples. Many Salat are now petty traders or building contractors. Like other Gujarati Muslims, they have a communal organization referred to as a jamat. The Salat Muslim Jamat is their principle community organization, and deals with issues of welfare.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Three edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 1227-1231
  2. ^ People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Three edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 1227-1231
  3. ^ People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Three edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 1227-1231