Salado River (Argentina)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Salado River, Argentina)
Jump to: navigation, search
For other rivers in Argentina named Salado see here
Map of the Rio de la Plata Basin, showing the Salado River joining the Paraná River near Santa Fe and Rosario.

The Salado River (Spanish: Río Salado,[1] Spanish pronunciation: [ˈri.o saˈlaðo] "Salty River") is a river that crosses several provinces of Argentina, flowing 1,150 kilometres (710 mi)[2] from its source in the Salta Province to end in the Paraná River, in the Santa Fe Province. Because its origin, its flow varies widely within the year, and it can dry out in some parts of its path during the winter. The only important tributary to the river is the Horcones River, which is born in Salta as Cajón River, and joins the Salado in the Santiago del Estero Province.

Higher Salado[edit]

The Salado originates on the eastern edge of the Altiplano under the name of Juramento River at the Andes range, from thaw and captured precipitations of the 6,500 metre high Acay and Cachi mountains in the Salta Province, near Catamarca Province. The Cabra Corral Dam regulates its flow, and deviates some of it for irrigation.

When the river enters the Gran Chaco plains it forms several arms in a broad riverbed only partially occupied.[2]

Santiago del Estero[edit]

The river then enters the Santiago del Estero Province from the north, near the border with the Tucumán Province, receiving the name of Salado. The Salado and the Dulce River ("Sweet River") south to it, run diagonally in direction south-east, and are the most important rivers to cross the arid lands of Santiago del Estero, being the economic and demographic axis of the province.

The flow of the river is regulated in the Figueroa Department by the Los Figueroa Reservoir, and by a Derivation Dam (Dique Derivador) that re-routes part of its waters to irrigation canals of up to 200 kilometres in length. Further downstream, the river forms wide marsh wetlands and areas flooded seasonally, during the summer's major high waters. Downstream of the Añatuya marshlands the streamflow is greatly reduced, rendering the river dry most of the year.[2]

Lower Salado[edit]

After a course of 800 kilometres inside Santiago del Estero, the river reaches the Santa Fe Province as Salado del Norte ("Northern Salty") to finally join the Paraná River in that province, being the last important tributary to the Paraná.

The more abundant rainfall in Santa Fe Province causes the Salado's discharge to increase.[2] During rainy summers, the river can overflow its riverbed producing floods. A 2003 flood severely affected the city of Santa Fe.

The Salado debouches into the Paraná River southeast of Santa Fe City, in a flooding area with lagoons.[2]

Other Argentine rivers called Salado[edit]

There are other, less important Salado rivers in Argentina, the most important of them being:

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 31°41′2″S 60°44′33″W / 31.68389°S 60.74250°W / -31.68389; -60.74250[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Río Salado at GEOnet Names Server|
  2. ^ a b c d e "La Plata Basin Case Study". World Water Assessment Programme, UNESCO. April 2007. p. 32. Retrieved 14 August 2010. 
  3. ^ GNS coordinates adjusted using Google Maps and GeoLocator

External links[edit]