Salangen

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Salangen kommune
Siellága suohkan
Municipality
Village of Sjøvegan
Village of Sjøvegan
Coat of arms of Salangen kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Salangen kommune
Troms within
Norway
Salangen within Troms
Salangen within Troms
Coordinates: 68°54′2″N 17°53′35″E / 68.90056°N 17.89306°E / 68.90056; 17.89306Coordinates: 68°54′2″N 17°53′35″E / 68.90056°N 17.89306°E / 68.90056; 17.89306
Country Norway
County Troms
District Midt-Troms
Administrative centre Sjøvegan
Government
 • Mayor (2014-present) Sigrun W. Prestbakmo (Sp)
Area
 • Total 458.00 km2 (176.83 sq mi)
 • Land 438.05 km2 (169.13 sq mi)
 • Water 19.95 km2 (7.70 sq mi)
Area rank 221 in Norway
Population (2012)
 • Total 2,214
 • Rank 320 in Norway
 • Density 5.1/km2 (13/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) -3.9 %
Demonym Salangsværing[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1923
Official language form Neutral
Website www.salangen.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Salangen is a municipality in Troms county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Sjøvegan, where most of the people in the municipality live. Other villages include Elvenes, Laberg, and Seljeskog.

The municipality is situated along the Sagfjorden in south central Troms county. The municipality is mostly coastal areas around the fjord as well as some inland valleys. Salangen is home to the world's northernmost bat population.

General information[edit]

Salangen map
Mountains of Salangen in February

Salangen was established on 1 January 1871 when it was separated from the municipality of Ibestad. The initial population of Salangen was 1,384.

On 1 January 1964, the municipality of Lavangen (population: 1,677) was merged into Salangen. The new, larger Salangen then had a population of 4,288.

On 1 January 1977, however, the Lavangen district (except for Lavangsnes) was separated from Salangen to form a separate municipality once again. After the split, Salangen remained with 2,611 residents.[2]

Name[edit]

The municipality is named after the Salangen fjord (Old Norse: Selangr). The first element is selr which means "seal" and the last element is angr which means "fjord".[3]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 2 December 1985. The arms show a seal on a blue background. They are canting arms since the name of the municipality is derived from the old word "Sellanger", meaning seal fjord.[4]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Salangen. It is part of the Indre Troms deanery in the Diocese of Nord-Hålogaland.

Churches in Salangen
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Salangen Salangen Church Sjøvegan 1981
Elvenes Chapel Elvenes 1959

Geography[edit]

The municipality is located in the southern part of Troms county, at the northeastern end of the Astafjorden. The municipality of Ibestad is located west of Salangen, connected by the Mjøsund Bridge; Lavangen municipality to the south; Bardu to the east; and Dyrøy and Sørreisa to the north.

Geology[edit]

The area itself is part of the Caledonian Orogeny formed of part of a series of Nappes that run down the coast of Norway. These nappes were metamorphosed as a result of partial subduction beneath Laurentia during the early to middle Paleozoic.[5] On a smaller scale, the municipality is located mainly on quartzite (known as Sjøvegan quartzite locally and regionally as Bø quartzite). In the hills to the south, there is garnet-rich schist (known as Trollvannet schist).

Across the nearby lake Nervatnet and towards the village of Strokkenes, granite within marble is present (Høglund marble and Strokkenes granite). This granite is Leucratic, an indicative sign of granite intruded within an orogenic mountain building event.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Sjøvegan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.1
(21)
−5.3
(22.5)
−2.5
(27.5)
1.4
(34.5)
6.7
(44.1)
10.7
(51.3)
12.9
(55.2)
11.8
(53.2)
7.2
(45)
2.6
(36.7)
−2.0
(28.4)
−4.5
(23.9)
2.7
(36.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 88
(3.46)
86
(3.39)
65
(2.56)
57
(2.24)
48
(1.89)
58
(2.28)
69
(2.72)
77
(3.03)
96
(3.78)
121
(4.76)
97
(3.82)
98
(3.86)
960
(37.8)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  3. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1911). Norske gaardnavne: Troms amt (in Norwegian) (17 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 52. 
  4. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 2008-12-07. 
  5. ^ Steltenpohl, M.G.; Andresen, A.; Lindstrom, M.; Gromet., P.; Steltenpohl, L.W. (2003). "The Role of Felsic And Mafic Igneous Rocks in Deciphering The Evolution of Thrust-Stacked Terranes: An Example from the North Norwegian Caledonides.". American Journal of Science 303: 149–185. doi:10.2475/ajs.303.2.149. 
  6. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. 

External links[edit]