Salanoia is a genus of euplerid carnivoran with two currently described species found in Madagascar. They are mongoose-like, which is reflected in the older versions of their English names, for example brown-tailed mongoose which is now called brown-tailed vontsira. The name Salanoia is derived from one of the vernacular names for Salanoia concolor: Salano. 
In announcements of the recent discovery of Salanoia durrelli the two described members of the genus were referred to by the common name vontsira. Vontsira is a Malagasy vernacular name that seems to apply to a few local species of local mongoose-like carnivores in the related genera Salanoia, Galidia, and Galidictis
- Durbin, J.; Funk, S. M.; Hawkins, F.; Hills, D. M.; Jenkins, P. D.; Moncrieff, C. B.; Ralainasolo, F. B. (2010), "Investigations into the status of a new taxon of Salanoia (Mammalia: Carnivora: Eupleridae) from the marshes of Lac Alaotra, Madagascar", Systematics and Biodiversity
- Schuurman, Derek; Nick Garbutt; Bradt, Hilary (2008). Madagascar Wildlife 3rd (Bradt Travel Guide Madagascar Wildlife). Bradt Travel Guides. ISBN 1-84162-245-1.
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