Salanpur (community development block)

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Salanpur
Community development block
Salanpur is located in West Bengal
Salanpur
Salanpur
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 23°49′05″N 86°53′20″E / 23.81806°N 86.88889°E / 23.81806; 86.88889
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Bardhaman
Parliamentary constituency Asansol
Assembly constituency Barabani
Area
 • Total 42.42 sq mi (109.86 km2)
Population (2001)
 • Total 156,338
 • Density 3,690/sq mi (1,423/km2)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
PIN 713364
Area code(s) +91 341
Literacy Rate 78.22 per cent
Website http://bardhaman.gov.in/

Salanpur (community development block) (Bengali: সালানপুর সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক) is an administrative division in Asansol subdivision of Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Chittaranjan and Salanpur police stations serve this block. Headquarters of this block is at Rupnarayanpur Bazar. Chittaranjan, Rupnarainpur and Jemari are urban areas in this block.[1][2]

Geography[edit]

Rupnarainpur is located at 23°49′05″N 86°53′20″E / 23.818°N 86.889°E / 23.818; 86.889.

Salanpur community development block has an area of 109.86  km2.[2]

The Asansol-Durgapur region is composed of undulating laterite soil. This area lies between two rivers – the Damodar and the Ajay. They flow almost parallel to each other in the region – the average distance between the two rivers is around 30 km. For ages the area was heavily forested and infested with plunderers and marauders. The discovery of coal led to industrialisation of the area and most of the forests have been cleared.[3]The Barakar River and Maithon Reservoir forms the western boundary of this block.

Nunia, a small stream about 40 km long has its origin near Adra village in the Salanpur area, flows through the Barabani area, past Asansol and joins the Damodar in the Raniganj area. [4]

Gram panchayats[edit]

Gram panchayats of Salanpur block/panchayat samiti are: Achhra, Alladi, Basudevpur-Jemari, Dendua, Ethora, Fulberia-Bolkunda, Jitpur-Uttarrampur, Kallya, Rupnarayanpur, Salanpur and Samdi.[5]

Demographics[edit]

As per 2001 census, Salanpur block had a total population of 156,338, out of which 82,741 were males and 73,597 were females. Salanpur block registered a population growth of 9.64 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Bardhaman district was 14.36 per cent.[2]Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[6]

Scheduled castes at 35,898 formed around one-fifth the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 17,143.[7]

Economy[edit]

Salanpur is a coal mining area. [8] One of the area headquarters of Eastern Coalfields Ltd., a subsidiary of Coal India Limited is located here.[9]

With extensive underground mining for many years, this area has been facing the problem of land subsidence. About 361 villages under the Raniganj and Salanpur coalfield areas are the victims of subsidence.[10]

Steel plant[edit]

The West Bengal Government signed in May 2007 an agreement with Bhushan Steel to set up a 2 million tonnes integrated steel plant and a 1000 MW captive thermal power plant at Salanpur. 2,500 acres (10 km2) of land will be required for the purpose. The plant was expected to be operational in 2012.[11]

Transport[edit]

Minibuses operating on the Asansol - Chittaranjan route operate via Salanpur.[12]It is about 15 km from Asansol and 10 km from Chittaranjan.

Salanpur rail station is 225 km from Howrah Station on the Howrah-Delhi main line.[13]

Literacy[edit]

As per 2001 census, Salanpur block had a total literacy of 78.22 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 87.07 per cent female literacy was 68.20 per cent. Bardhaman district had a total literacy of 70.18 per cent, male literacy being 78.63 per cent and female literacy being 60.95 per cent.[14]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Contact details of Block Development Officers". Burdwan district. West Bengal Government. Retrieved 2011-08-26. 
  2. ^ a b c "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Barddhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-08-26. 
  3. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, Bardhaman Jelar Itihas O Lok Sanskriti (History and Folk lore of Bardhaman District.), (Bengali), Vol I, pp 14-15, Radical Impression. ISBN 81-85459-36-3
  4. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, pp 26-27
  5. ^ "No. 229 (Sanction)-PN/P/II/1G-5/2005(Pt.II) dated 02.02.09". Allotment No. 5 for five districts – Cooch Behar, Burdwan, Uttar Dinajpur, Hooghly and Bankura. Government of West Bengal - Department of Panchayats & Rural Development. Retrieved 2011-08-26. 
  6. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-08-26. 
  7. ^ "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  8. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p 48
  9. ^ "Eastern Coalfields Limited". Corporate information – Geographic location and area. Coal India Limited. Retrieved 2007-09-05. 
  10. ^ "Subsidence claims 20 houses near ECL hub". Bengal. The Statesman 28 November 2004. Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2007-09-05. 
  11. ^ Das, Sanchita. "Bhushan Steel to invest Rs. 8,000 cr in West Bengal". livemint, 12 May 2007. Retrieved 2008-02-19. 
  12. ^ "Permit Register (Mini Bus) - Permit Register-‘A’". Route Permit details of Mini-Bus. Office of the District Magistrate and Collector. Retrieved 2007-09-05. 
  13. ^ "Eastern Railway – Asansol Division". About Us – List of Stations. Eastern Railway – Asansol Division. Retrieved 2007-09-05. 
  14. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, Bardhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-08-26.