Salem Maritime National Historic Site
Salem Maritime National Historic Site
The Derby House
|Location||Essex County, Massachusetts, USA|
|Nearest city||Salem, Massachusetts|
|Area||9 acres (0.036 km2)|
|Governing body||National Park Service|
|NRHP Reference #||66000048|
|Added to NRHP||September 1, 1976|
|Designated NHS||March 17, 1938|
The Salem Maritime National Historic Site is a National Historic Site consisting of 12 historic structures, 1 replica tall-ship and about 9 acres (36,000 m2) of land along the waterfront of Salem Harbor in Salem, Massachusetts. Salem Maritime is first National Historic Site established in the United States (March 17, 1938) and interprets the triangular trade during the colonial period; privateers during the American Revolution; and global maritime trade with the Far East, after independence. The National Park Service manages both the National Historic Site and a Regional Visitor Center in downtown Salem.
The site preserves and interprets numerous maritime resources in the form of artifacts, collections and structures, including:
- Derby House (1762) - built in 1762 by Captain Richard Derby as a wedding gift for his son, a fine example of Georgian architecture.
- Derby Wharf (1762, extended 1806) - Salem's longest wharf (nearly 1/2 mile). When in active use, it was lined with warehouses of goods from around the world. The Derby Wharf Light (1871) remains at the end of the wharf.
- Friendship of Salem - a replica of a 1797 East Indiaman, built in the Scarano Brothers Shipyard in Albany, New York, in 2000. The original Friendship made 15 voyages during her career to Batavia, India, China, South America, the Caribbean, England, Germany, the Mediterranean, and Russia. She was captured as a prize of war by the British in September 1812.
- Hawkes House (1780, 1800) - designed by famous Salem architect Samuel McIntire, building began in 1780. The unfinished building was purchased and completed around 1800 by Benjamin Hawkes.
- Narbonne House (1675) - The part of the house with the high peaked roof was built by butcher Thomas Ives, who later added a lean-to the south side and a kitchen lean-to at the back. Around 1740 the southern lean-to was replaced by today's gambrel-roofed addition. From 1750 to 1780, the house was owned by Capt. Joseph Hodges, and in 1780 the house was purchased by tanner Jonathan Andrew. The house was lived in by descendants of the Andrew family from 1780 to 1964, when the house was sold to the National Park Service.
- Pedrick Store House, a three-story building, constructed around 1770, is a historic rigging and sail loft, which was relocated to the Salem Maritime National Historic Site from Marblehead, MA in 2007.  
- Salem Custom House (1819) - the 13th Customs House in Salem; the first was built in 1649. Each collected taxes on imported cargoes.
- St. Joseph Hall (1909) - Original home of The St. Joseph Society(1897), a polish fraternal society. The first floor was retail space that could be rented out to provide an income for the support of the building. The large hall on the second floor was the site of hundreds of weddings, dances, plays, and other social events in the Polish community. On the top floor, several apartments were built to house new immigrants until they could get permanently settled. The building now serves as park headquarters.
- West India Goods Store (1804) - Built by Captain Henry Prince about 1804 and was likely first used as a warehouse, where Prince kept goods like pepper, coffee, water buffalo hides, and tortoise shells that he imported from the East Indies. By 1836, Charles Dexter had a shop in this building. It was one of many that served the needs of Salem households by selling candles, oils, clothing, tin, and glassware. Besides general groceries such as grain, cheese, dried beans and even rum, many foreign imports and luxuries from Europe, Asia,and Africa filled the shelves of the West India Goods Store. The store continued to be a retail space throughout the nineteenth century. Later occupants included painters, a tobacconist, and a wine and liquor merchant.
Adjacent Historic Areas
A short walk from the Salem Maritime National Historic Site are the Chestnut Street District, Federal Street District, Downtown Salem District, Bridge Street Neck Historic District, Charter Street Historic District, Crombie Street District, Derby Waterfront District, Essex Institute Historic District, Salem Willows Historic District, Old Town Hall Historic District & the Salem Common Historic District.
The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property.
- List of maritime museums in the United States
- List of museum ships
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Salem, Massachusetts
- List of lighthouses in the United States, Massachusetts
- List of the oldest buildings in Massachusetts
- List of historic houses in Massachusetts
- List of the oldest buildings in the United States
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (March 2009)|
- Salem Maritime National Historic Site
- McIntire Historic District
- The Custom House
- Washington Square Historic District
- Architecture in the 17th and 18th Centuries in Salem Massachusetts
- 3D Model collection